Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Evaluation of the Immunogenicity and Safety of GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Biologicals' Quadrivalent Influenza Vaccine Influsplit™ Tetra (Fluarix™ Tetra) (GSK2321138A) When Co-administered With Pneumovax™ 23 in Adults 50 Years of Age and Older

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02218697
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 18, 2014
Results First Posted : March 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 3, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to investigate the immunogenicity and safety when GSK Biologicals' influenza vaccine Influsplit™ Tetra (Fluarix™ Tetra) is co-administered with Merck & Co. Inc.'s pneumococcal vaccine (Pneumovax™23/Pneumovax) in adults 50 years of age and older at risk for complications from influenza and pneumococcal infections.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Influenza Biological: Influsplit™ Tetra (Fluarix™ Tetra) Biological: Pneumovax™ 23 Biological: Placebo (Saline) Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 357 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Immunogenicity and Safety Study of GSK Biologicals' Quadrivalent Split Virion Influenza Vaccine 2014/2015 Influsplit™ Tetra (Fluarix™ Tetra) (GSK2321138A) When Co-administered With Pneumovax™ 23 in Adults 50 Years of Age and Older
Actual Study Start Date : October 1, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 14, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : May 4, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Flu Flu Shot

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Co-Ad Group
Subjects received 1 dose of Influsplit™ Tetra vaccine and 1 dose of Pneumovax™ 23 vaccine at Day 0 and 1 dose of placebo at Day 28.
Biological: Influsplit™ Tetra (Fluarix™ Tetra)
Intramuscular injection, 1 dose each in Control and Co-Ad groups.
Other Names:
  • D-QIV
  • GSK2321138A

Biological: Pneumovax™ 23
Intramuscular injection, 1 dose each in Control and Co-Ad groups.

Biological: Placebo (Saline)
Intramuscular injection, 1 dose each in Control and Co-Ad groups.

Experimental: Control Group
Subjects received 1 dose of Influsplit™ Tetra vaccine and 1 dose of placebo at Day 0 and 1 dose of Pneumovax™ 23 vaccine at Day 28.
Biological: Influsplit™ Tetra (Fluarix™ Tetra)
Intramuscular injection, 1 dose each in Control and Co-Ad groups.
Other Names:
  • D-QIV
  • GSK2321138A

Biological: Pneumovax™ 23
Intramuscular injection, 1 dose each in Control and Co-Ad groups.

Biological: Placebo (Saline)
Intramuscular injection, 1 dose each in Control and Co-Ad groups.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Humoral Immune Response in Terms of Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI) Antibodies Titers Against the 4 Vaccine Strains. [ Time Frame: At Day 28 post Influsplit™ Tetra vaccination ]
    HI antibody titres were expressed as geometric mean titers (GMTs) and adjusted GMT ratios (Control Group/Co-Ad Group). The vaccine strains assessed were Flu A/Christchurch/16/2010 (H1N1), FluA/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2), Flu B/Brisbane/60/2008 (Victoria) and Flu B/Massachusetts/2/2012 (Yamagata).

  2. Pneumococcal Vaccine Response in Terms of Anti-pneumococcal Antibody Concentrations Against 6 Pneumococcal Serotypes (1, 3, 4, 7F, 14 and 19A). [ Time Frame: At 28 days after Pneumovax™ 23 vaccination ]
    Anti-pneumococcal antibody concentrations were expressed as adjusted geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) and adjusted GMC ratio (Control Group/Co-Ad Group).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Subjects Reporting Solicited Local Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0 - 6) after each dose and across doses. ]
    Solicited local symptoms assessed were pain, redness and swelling. Any = occurrence of the specified solicited local symptom regardless of its intensity. Grade 3 pain = significant pain at rest and pain that prevented normal everyday activities. Grade 3 redness and swelling = greater than 50 millimeters (mm) i.e. > 100mm.

  2. Number of Subjects Reporting Solicited General Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Within 7 days (Days 0 - 6) after each dose and across doses. ]

    Solicited general symptoms assessed were fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms*, headache, joint pain, muscle aches, shivering, sweating and fever. Any was defined as any solicited general symptom reported irrespective of intensity and relationship to vaccination. Grade 3 was defined as symptoms that prevented normal everyday activities. Related was defined as symptoms assessed by the investigator to have a causal relationship to vaccination. Grade 3 fever was defined as temperature greater than (>)39.0°C.

    *Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms included nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and/or abdominal pain


  3. Duration of Local Adverse Events [ Time Frame: During the 7-day (Days 0-6) post-vaccination period ]
    Duration was defined as number of days with any grade of local symptoms.

  4. Duration of Solicited General AEs. [ Time Frame: During the 7-day (Days 0-6) post-vaccination period ]
    Duration was defined as number of days with any grade of general symptoms.

  5. Number of Subjects Reporting the Occurrence of Medically Attended Adverse Events (MAEs) [ Time Frame: Throughout the study period (Days 0-180) ]
    MAEs were defined as adverse events with medically-attended visits that were not routine visits for physical examination or vaccination, such as visits for hospitalization, an emergency room visit, or an otherwise unscheduled visit to or from medical personnel (medical doctor) for any reason. Any was defined as any occurrence of MAE(s) regardless of intensity grade or relationship to vaccination. Related was defined as MAE assessed by the investigator to be causally related to the study vaccination.

  6. Number of Subjects Reporting the Occurrence of Potential Immune Mediated Diseases (pIMDs) [ Time Frame: During the entire study period (Days 0-180) ]

    Potential immune-mediated diseases (pIMDs) were defined as a subset of AEs that include autoimmune diseases and other inflammatory and/or neurologic disorders of interest which may or may not have an autoimmune aetiology.

    Any was defined as any occurrence of pIMD(s) regardless of intensity grade or relationship to vaccination. Related was defined as pIMD assessed by the investigator to be causally related to the study vaccination.


  7. Number of Subjects Reporting Any, Grade 3 and Related Unsolicited Adverse Events (AEs). [ Time Frame: Within the 28-day (Days 0-27) post-vaccination period ]
    An unsolicited AE was defined as an untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation subject, temporally associated with use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product and reported in addition to those solicited during the clinical study and any solicited symptom with onset outside the specified period of follow-up for solicited symptoms. Any was defined as occurrence of any unsolicited symptom regardless of intensity grade or relation to vaccination.

  8. Number of Subjects Reporting Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Throughout the study period (Days 0-180) ]
    SAEs assessed include medical occurrences that result in death, are life threatening, require hospitalization or prolongation of hospitalization, result in disability/incapacity or are a congenital anomaly/birth defect in the offspring of a study subject. Any was defined as occurrence of any symptom regardless of intensity grade or relation to vaccination and related was an event assessed by the investigator as causally related to the study vaccination.

  9. Humoral Immune Response in Terms of Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI) Antibodies in Subjects by Calculating Serum Antihaemagglutination (HA) Antibody Titers Against the 4 Influenza Vaccine Strains [ Time Frame: At Day 0 and Day 28 ]
    HI antibody titres were expressed as Geometric mean titers (GMTs). The vaccine strains assessed were Flu A/Christchurch/16/2010 (H1N1), Flu A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2), Flu B/Brisbane/60/2008 (Victoria) and Flu B/Massachusetts/02/2012 (Yamagata).

  10. Number of Subjects Who Were Seroprotected for Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI) Antibodies Against Each of the Four Vaccine Influenza Strains. [ Time Frame: At Day 0 and Day 28 ]
    A seroprotected subject was defined as a vaccinated subject with a serum HI titer greater than or equal to (≥) 1:40 that usually is accepted as indicating protection in adults. The vaccine strains assessed were Flu A/Christchurch/16/2010 (H1N1), Flu A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2), Flu B/Brisbane/60/2008 (Victoria) and Flu B/Massachusetts/2/2012 (Yamagata).

  11. Number of Seroconverted Subjects for Anti-Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI) Antibodies Against Each of the Four Vaccine Influenza Strains. [ Time Frame: At Day 28 ]
    A seroconverted subject was defined as a vaccinated subject with either a pre-vaccination titer less than (<) 1:10 and a post-vaccination titer greater than or equal to (≥) 1:40, or a pre-vaccination titer ≥ 1:10 and at least a 4-fold increase in post-vaccination titer. The vaccine strains assessed were Flu A/Christchurch/16/2010 (H1N1), Flu A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2), Flu B/Brisbane/60/2008 (Victoria) and Flu B/Massachusetts/02/2012 (Yamagata).

  12. Mean Geometric Increase (MGI) for Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI) Antibody Titer Against Each of the Four Vaccine Influenza Strains. [ Time Frame: At Day 28 ]
    MGI was defined as the fold increase in serum haemagglutination inhibition (HI) GMTs post-vaccination compared to pre-vaccination (Day 0). The vaccine strains assessed were Flu A/Christchurch/16/2010 (H1N1), Flu A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2), Flu B/Brisbane/60/2008 (Victoria) and Flu B/Massachusetts/02/2012 (Yamagata).

  13. Number of Subjects With Anti-pneumococcal Antibody Concentrations for the Following Serotypes: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F and 23F [ Time Frame: At Days 0 (Co-Ad group only), 28 (both groups), and 56 (Control group only) ]

    The pneumococcal antigen testing was performed, as determined by ELISA cut-offs of ≥0.05 µg/mL and a seroprotection cut-off of ≥ 0.2 µg/ml.

    PRE = Pre-vaccination i.e. at Day 0 for Co-Ad Group and at Day 28 for Control Group.

    POST = Post-vaccination i.e. at Day 28 for Co-Ad Group and at Day 56 for Control Group.


  14. Pneumococcal Vaccine Response in Terms of Anti-pneumococcal Antibody Concentrations Against 12 Pneumococcal Serotypes (1, 3, 4, 5, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F and 23F) [ Time Frame: At Days 0 (Co-Ad group only), 28 (both groups), and 56 (Control group only) ]

    Anti-pneumococcal antibody concentrations were expressed as adjusted geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) PRE = Pre -vaccination i.e. at Day 0 for Co-Ad Group and at Day 28 for Control Group.

    POST = Post-vaccination i.e. at Day 28 for Co-Ad Group and at Day 56 for Control Group.


  15. Number of Subjects Whose N Antibody Titers Were at Least 2 or 4-fold Higher Than Their Pre-vaccination Titer by Anti-pneumococcal Serotype Subjects. [ Time Frame: At 28 days post-vaccination with Pneumovax™ 23 ]

    Fold antibody concentration increases post-vaccination/pre-vaccination ≥ 2 and ≥ 4.

    The anti-pneumococcal serotypes assessed were 1, 3, 4, 5, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F and 23F.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects who, in the opinion of the investigator, can and will comply with the requirements of the protocol (e.g. completion of the diary cards, return for follow-up visits).
  • A male or female aged 50 years or above at the time of the first vaccination at risk for complications from influenza and/or pneumococcal infections, meeting their respective countries' recommendations for vaccination against influenza and pneumococcal disease.

    • At risk subjects include adults with chronic respiratory, heart, kidney, liver or neurological disease; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) with cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) T-cell counts greater than 350 cells/mm3; sickle cell disease or coeliac syndrome that may lead to splenic dysfunction (all other asplenics are excluded). The decision to enrol should be based on the investigators clinical judgement.
  • Written informed consent obtained from the subject.
  • Female subjects of non-childbearing potential may be enrolled in the study.

    • Non-childbearing potential is defined as pre-menarche, current tubal ligation, hysterectomy, ovariectomy or post-menopause.
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential may be enrolled in the study, if the subject:

    • has practiced adequate contraception for 30 days prior to vaccination, and
    • has a negative pregnancy test on the day of vaccination, and
    • has agreed to continue adequate contraception during the entire treatment period and for 2 months after completion of the vaccination series.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of any investigational or non-registered product other than the study vaccines within 30 days preceding the first dose of study vaccine, or planned use during the study period.
  • Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 days in total) of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within six months prior to the first vaccine dose. Inhaled, topical and low-dose intra-articular steroids are allowed.
  • Planned administration/administration of a vaccine not foreseen by the study protocol within the period starting 30 days before the first dose and 30 days after the last dose of vaccine.
  • Administration of such a vaccine has to be documented in the "Concomitant vaccination" of the electronic Case Report Form (eCRF).
  • Administration of long-acting immune-modifying drugs/treatment within six months prior to the first vaccine dose or expected administration at any time during the study period. These immunosuppressant drugs/treatment/Biologics include:

    • Methotrexate
    • Leflunomide
    • Azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine
    • Cyclosporin A
    • Cyclophosphamide
    • Tacrolimus, everolimus, sirolimus, temsirolimus
    • Mycophenolate mofetil
    • Antilymfocytaire immunoglobulins
    • Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) inhibitors: Adalimumab (Humira®), certolizumab (Cimzia®), etanercept (Enbrel®), golimumab (Simponi®) and infliximab(Remicade®)
    • Monoclonal antibodies and other biologicals: Rituximab (Mabthera®), Abatacept (Orencia®), tocilizumab (RoActemra®), basiliximab (Simulect®), Natalizumab (Tysabri®) cluster of differentiation 3 (CD3), …
    • Antitumor agents: alkylating agents, antimetabolites, antitumor antibiotics, topoisomerase inhibitors, microtubule inhibitors and other anti-tumor agents
    • Lenalidomide Revlimid®
    • Tasonermin: Beromun®
    • Proleukin® (aldesleukin; Novartis, …)
    • Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (Glivec®)Omalizumab Xolair®
    • Eculizumab Soliris® The above list is compiled from: [Federal Public Service Belgium: Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment].
    • Any immunosuppressive treatment which in the opinion of the investigator will not allow an adequate immune response. Inhaled, topical and low-dose intra-articular steroids are allowed.
  • Concurrently participating in another clinical study, at any time during the study period, in which the subject has been or will be exposed to an investigational or a non-investigational vaccine/product.
  • Previous vaccination with a pneumococcal vaccine within the last five years.
  • Previous vaccination with an influenza vaccine within the last six months.
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition, based on medical history and physical examination. HIV infected subjects on cART with CD4 T-cell counts above 350 cells/mm3 can be enrolled.
  • History of any reaction or hypersensitivity likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccines.
  • Acute disease and/or fever at the time of enrolment.

    • Fever is defined as temperature ≥ 38.0°C (100.4°F). The preferred route for recording temperature in this study will be axillary.
    • Subjects with a minor illness (such as mild diarrhoea, mild upper respiratory infection) without fever [≥ 38.0°C (100.4°F)] may be enrolled at the discretion of the investigator.
  • Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the three months preceding the first dose of study vaccine or planned administration during the study period.
  • Pregnant or lactating female.
  • Female planning to become pregnant or planning to discontinue contraceptive precautions.
  • Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, prevents the subject from participating in the study or would make intramuscular (IM) injection unsafe.
  • Asplenia or dysfunction of the spleen. This excludes homozygous sickle cell disease or coeliac syndrome that may lead to splenic dysfunction.
  • Acute clinically significant (i.e. a medically significant change from baseline condition in the past 30 days) pulmonary, cardiovascular, hepatic or renal functional abnormality, as determined by physical examination or laboratory screening tests.
  • History of chronic alcohol consumption and/or drug abuse.
  • History of Guillain-Barré syndrome.
  • A history of anaphylaxis following ANY vaccination.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02218697


Locations
Layout table for location information
Belgium
GSK Investigational Site
Gent, Belgium, 9000
France
GSK Investigational Site
Angers, France, 49000
GSK Investigational Site
Laval, France, 53000
GSK Investigational Site
Nantes cedex 2, France, 44277
GSK Investigational Site
Saint Cyr sur Loire, France, 37540
GSK Investigational Site
Tours, France, 37100
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
Additional Information:
Study Data/Documents: Dataset Specification  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 117276
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Clinical Study Report  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 117276
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Statistical Analysis Plan  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 117276
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Study Protocol  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 117276
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Informed Consent Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 117276
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Individual Participant Data Set  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 117276
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Annotated Case Report Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 117276
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02218697    
Other Study ID Numbers: 117276
2014-001118-24 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 18, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 9, 2017
Last Update Posted: April 3, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Patient-level data for this study will be made available through www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com following the timelines and process described on this site.

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Immunogenicity
Influsplit Tetra (Fluarix Tetra) 2014/2015 season
Safety
Adults
Pneumovax 23/Pneumovax
Co-administration
Elderly
Seasonal influenza
Pneumococcal infection
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs