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Development of Workplace Physical Activity Promotion Models in Taiwan

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02215239
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2015 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : August 13, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 17, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Taiwan University Hospital

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of intervention applying WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and Model to enhance the level of physical activity on employees. This research is an experimental intervention study recruiting two working types in four workplaces. Two working types are: (1) Working type A: Workers tend to be seated during work hours. Two telecommunications enterprises will respectively stand for the experiment group and the control group. (2) Working type B: Workers tend to be standing during work hours. Likewise, two different enterprises will respectively stand for the experiment group and the control group. Purposive sampling method will be used to select the experiment group. The intervention plan is to implement a cyclic or iterative process recommended by WHO.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Occupational Health Behavioral: Workplace intervention Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Several evidences have shown that regular physical activity could benefit not only to a healthy lifestyle, but also reduce mortality rate. However, the number of people who perform regular physical activity are still in a low proportion of world population. In Taiwan, people are mostly inactive and have low level of physical activity at their workplaces. Therefore, developing a healthy workplace could encourage employees to get into the habit of regular exercise, relieve stress, improve interaction of social activity and build a healthy life style. Meanwhile, regular exercise could improve coherence, morale and higher satisfaction, productive efficiency, corporate image and competitiveness. Previous studies have shown inconsistent effects in promoting physical activity in the workplace. Therefore, determining the effects of comprehensive model using in interventions at workplaces is needed. . The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of intervention applying WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and Model to enhance the level of physical activity on employees. This research is an experimental intervention study recruiting two working types in four workplaces. Two working types are: (1) Working type A: Workers tend to be seated during work hours. Two telecommunications enterprises will respectively stand for the experiment group and the control group. (2) Working type B: Workers tend to be standing during work hours. Likewise, two different enterprises will respectively stand for the experiment group and the control group. The intervention plan is to implement a cyclic or iterative process recommended by WHO. The process includes eight steps: (1) Mobilize; (2) Assemble; (3) Assess; (4) Prioritize; (5) Plan; (6) Do; (7) Evaluate; (8) Improve. By gaining the commitment from the highest authority in the enterprise and communicated to all workers and their representatives, we will be able to assemble a Healthy Workplace Team who will work on implementing change in the workplace. As well as assembling the Team, it is also essential to assemble other resources that will be required, such as locations, time, budgets or working supplies, to ensure the committee has the resources necessary to do the work. Assessments on both the present situation of the enterprise and the present situation with respect to the health of workers are required in order to set priorities among the many issues identified. When developing a health plan, we focus on different phases of exercise and prescribe individualized physical activity program., in the mean while, the power of social learning and environmental support are critical in making a sustainable improvement in the workplace. The details of the actions to be taken may contain educational workshop, pedometer using, setting fixed period of time for physical activities, providing excellent health and fitness improvement prize, email and text reminder about exercise information, holding outdoor physical activities on a regular time schedule for employee, and propagating internal and external resources. Re-evaluation and modification will be performed at the end of 16-weeks intervention, and then the second year's study will be planned and designed. In the present study, before intervention, we will require a confidential survey and health risk assessments about personal health condition base on employees will. The assessments include basic data and medical record, level of physical activity, health-related fitness, sleep quality and daytime sleepiness, depression scale, exercise stages, self-evaluation of fitness and exercise capacity, self-efficacy in exercise, SmartIn(SI) system, and working performance evaluation. The purpose of the study is to access the effect of implementing The WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and Model on different working types in different workplaces, by developing method that address the physical and psychosocial working environments, as well as promoting workers' health and creating health-promoting working environments, the result is expected to provide better information for the Health Promotion Administration in future policy-making.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 240 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Development of Workplace Physical Activity Promotion Models in Taiwan
Study Start Date : January 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Working type A & Workplace intervention
Participants: Workers tend to be seated during work hours. Intervention: WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and Model. Duration: 16 weeks.
Behavioral: Workplace intervention
WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and Model. The intervention plan is to implement a cyclic or iterative process recommended by WHO. The process includes eight steps: (1) Mobilize; (2) Assemble; (3) Assess; (4) Prioritize; (5) Plan; (6) Do; (7) Evaluate; (8) Improve. We focus on different phases of exercise and prescribe individualized physical activity program.

No Intervention: Working type A & Usual care
Participants: Workers tend to be standing during work hours. Intervention: Usual care. Duration: 16 weeks.
Experimental: Working type B & Workplace intervention
Participants: Workers tend to be standing during work hours. Intervention: WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and Model. Duration: 16 weeks.
Behavioral: Workplace intervention
WHO Healthy Workplace Framework and Model. The intervention plan is to implement a cyclic or iterative process recommended by WHO. The process includes eight steps: (1) Mobilize; (2) Assemble; (3) Assess; (4) Prioritize; (5) Plan; (6) Do; (7) Evaluate; (8) Improve. We focus on different phases of exercise and prescribe individualized physical activity program.

No Intervention: Working type B & Usual care
Participants: Workers tend to be standing during work hours. Intervention: Usual care. Duration: 16 weeks.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of health-related physical fitness from baseline to 16-week [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]

    Health-related physical fitness including:

    1. body composition (body weight, height, waist and hip circumferences)
    2. flexibility (sit-to-reach, cm)
    3. muscle strength (grip strength of dominant hand, kg)
    4. muscle endurance (sit-up in one minute, times/min)
    5. cardiopulmonary endurance (stepping in three minutes, heart rate and physical exercise index)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of physical activity from baseline to 16-week [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Using 7-Day Physical Activity Recall questionnaire and actigraph to investigate level of physical activity in the participants

  2. Change of sleep quality from baseline to 16-week [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and actigraph to investigate sleep quality in the participants

  3. Change of depression symptoms from baseline to 16-week [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Using Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale to investigate level of depression in the participants

  4. Change of stress from baseline to 16-week [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Using SmartIn system to investigate level of psychological stress in the participants



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  • Workers tend to be seated or standing during work hours.
  • Basic capability to read or verbal communication in Chinese.

Exclusion criteria:

  • No other critical diseases or unstable cardiopulmonary disease, diabetes, hypertension or neurological diseases.
  • No pregnancy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02215239


Contacts
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Contact: Meng-Yueh Chien, Doctor +886-2-33668141 mychien@ntu.edu.tw

Locations
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Taiwan
National Taiwan University Hospital Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan, 115
Contact: Meng-Yueh Chien, Doctor    02-33668141    mychien@ntu.edu.tw   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Meng-Yueh Chien National Taiwan University Hospital

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Responsible Party: National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02215239    
Other Study ID Numbers: 201310041RINA
First Posted: August 13, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 17, 2015
Last Verified: March 2015
Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
health lifestyle
health promotion
occupational health
Work site health promotion