Working… Menu

Lithium Water in Gun Violence Prevention (LWGVP)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02213614
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified June 2015 by American Society Of Thermalism And Climatology Inc.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : June 23, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
American Society Of Thermalism And Climatology Inc

Brief Summary:
The word lithium frequently conjures images of catatonic psychiatric patients and side effects so severe that premature death is commonplace. But naturally occurring lithium is a far cry from pharmaceutical grades. Found in the soil, water and certain foods, it is an essential mineral for maintaining physical and mental health. When exposure is low, suicide rates, mental illness and violent crime increase

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Assault by Handgun Discharge Violence Homicide Sexual Assault by Bodily Force Substance Abuse Problem Dietary Supplement: Lithium Water Dietary Supplement: placebo: spring mineral water Other: natural spring water Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Lithium has a long history of use in the treatment of mental disorders. However, it hasn't been until recently that scientists began exploring the psychiatric implications of naturally occurring lithium in the water supply.

As stated in the article, Foods Rich in Lithium And Lithium Supplements:

"Research suggests that locations with the highest concentration of lithium tend to have the lowest rates of depression and violent crime. These studies have been conducted across the globe in different climates with different natural habits and diets. Researchers have therefore concluded that this phenomenon is fairly universal."

A study in the United States agrees with these findings. According to Everything Addiction:

"In a 1990 study of 27 Texas counties, researchers found an "inverse association of tap water lithium content in areas of Texas with the rates of mental hospital admissions, suicides, homicides, and certain other crimes." It was also discovered that young men incarcerated for violent crimes in some parts of Texas had disproportionately low lithium levels. Schrauzer and Shrestha discovered that the negative correlation was confirmed," especially in the south-central region of the state where high suicide mortality rates correspond to low lithium concentrations."'

Another study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry had similar results. Researchers at Oita University examined the suicide rates in Japan's Oita prefecture. The team discovered that cities with higher levels of natural lithium in the public water supply had lower rates of suicide overall.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 400 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Lithium Water Use in Gun Violence Prevention
Study Start Date : August 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Spring Lithium Water

The Long term goal of this research project is the implementation of an effective, inexpensive therapy in communities with high risk of violence. Therapy will be based on a daily dietary supplement LIWA at appropriate doses.

The short-term objective is to prove that Lithium water (LIWA) as a daily supplement is an intervention that prevents gun violence from occurring, and is a factor that decrease the violence for gun in our communities Gun violence poses a serious threat to America's children and youth. Existing data clearly point to the need for improved strategies for keeping guns out of the hands of children and youth and those who would harm them.

Dietary Supplement: Lithium Water
Supply daily doses of Lithium water in form bottled mineral water
Other Names:
  • Spring mineral water
  • Crazy water

Experimental: Placebo: Natural Spring water
This group will be drink natural spring water for 4 months in tres cicles
Dietary Supplement: placebo: spring mineral water
Drink spring natural water a placebo 3 times a day
Other Names:
  • natural water
  • spring water

Other: natural spring water
A group will drink natural spring water for 4 months
Other Names:
  • natural water
  • spring water

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change behavioral tendencies due to lithium water treatment [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    During the next study we will analyze the behavior of violent tendencies in three counties of New Jersey (ESSEX, Hudson and Passaic) during the years 2010-2013, different parameters were identified such as:

    Firearms violence Domestic violence Killings Rape Theft Suicides Alcoholism Substance abuse We will Identify 400 individuals randomly with one or more of these known behaviors, which are invited to participate in the study, we will administer them a psycho-social test, a history clinical psycho-social study, levels of lithium in blood test and associated general tests, in addition to EEG, and neuro-physiological studies.

    500 mcg will be given to one group which will indicate them a daily supplement of lithium water while the other group will only receive mineral spring water as a placebo.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 60 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women aged 14-60.
  • Existence of alcoholism, substance abuse, violence antecedent, suicide history Answered all questions in the pre-treatment safety questionnaire. Gave their oral and written consent to participate in the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with renal failure, cardiovascular insufficiency, Addison's disease and untreated hypothyroidism.

Pregnancy. Patients who have vomiting or diarrhea or if fluid or salt (sodium) intake is increased or decreased.

Inadequate communication with examiner. Participation in another clinical study, either concurrent with this trial or in the 3 months preceding it.

Inability to sign a consent form.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02213614

Layout table for location information
United States, New Jersey
Gaviota Clinic
Newark, New Jersey, United States, 07102
Sponsors and Collaborators
American Society Of Thermalism And Climatology Inc
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Garis Silega American Society of Thermalism and Climatology
Study Director: Garis Silega, Doctor American Society of Thermalism and Climatology

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: American Society Of Thermalism And Climatology Inc Identifier: NCT02213614     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: vio829429989
First Posted: August 11, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 23, 2015
Last Verified: June 2015
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Lithium Carbonate
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimanic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs