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A Multi-center, Double-blind, Randomized Study, Comparing Clindamycin Phosphate Vaginal Cream 2% (Watson Laboratories, Inc.) to Clindesse® (Ther-Rx™, Clindamyin Phosphate Vaginal Cream 2%) and Both Active Treatments to a Placebo Control in the Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis in Non-pregnant Women

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02210689
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 7, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 19, 2015
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Watson Laboratories, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Actavis Inc.

Brief Summary:
A multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled, parallel-group study, comparing Clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream 2% (Watson Laboratories, Inc.) to Clindesse® (Ther-Rx™, Clindamyin Phosphate Vaginal Cream 2%) and both active treatments to a placebo control in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis in non-pregnant women.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS Signs and Symptoms to be Evaluated and Recorded Include: Vaginal Discharge: Color, Odor, and Consistency; Vulvovaginal Itching and Irritation (Subjective): Absent, Mild, Moderate, or Severe Vulvovaginal Inflammation (Objective): Absent, Mild, Moderate, or Severe. Drug: clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream 2% Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The study treatment period will be 1 day. Subject participation is 22-30 days. Expected study duration is 10 to 12 months. The study will enroll in up to 30 clinical sites.

Test Product: One single-dose, pre-filled disposable applicator delivering approximately 5 g of cream containing approximately 100 mg of clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream 2% (Watson Laboratories, Inc.)

Reference Product: One single-dose, pre-filled disposable applicator delivering approximately 5 g of cream containing approximately 100 mg of Clindesse® (clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream 2% ) (Ther-Rx™)

Placebo Control: One single-dose, pre-filled disposable applicator delivering approximately 5 g of cream containing vehicle of the test product (Watson Laboratories, Inc.)

Dose and Mode A single applicator of investigational product cream will be administered of Administration once intravaginally at any time of the day. The subject participation is 22-30 days (drug administration for 1 day).


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 604 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : January 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2014


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: test product
One single-dose, pre-filled disposable applicator delivering approximately 5 g of cream containing approximately 100 mg of clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream 2% (Watson Laboratories, Inc.)
Drug: clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream 2%
Other Name: Placebo

Active Comparator: reference product
One single-dose, pre-filled disposable applicator delivering approximately 5 g of cream containing approximately 100 mg of Clindesse® (clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream 2% ) (Ther-Rx™)
Drug: clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream 2%
Other Name: Placebo

Placebo Comparator: placebo
One single-dose, pre-filled disposable applicator delivering approximately 5 g of cream containing vehicle of the test product (Watson Laboratories, Inc.)



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Both clinical and a bacteriological cure (Nugent score <4), evaluated at Visit 2 Test-of-cure (study day 22-30). [ Time Frame: 22 to 30 days ]

    Clinical Cure is defined as resolution of clinical signs and symptoms from entry visit as follows:

    1. The original discharge characteristic of bacterial vaginosis has returned to a normal physiological vaginal discharge which varies in appearance and consistency depending on the menstrual cycle,
    2. The whiff test is negative for any amine ("fishy") odor,
    3. The saline wet mount is negative for clue cells,
    4. Vaginal fluid pH is < 4.7, using pH paper that measures from 3.6 to 6.1. A bacteriological cure is defined as a Nugent score < 4.

    The system will use a 0-4 scale for evaluation of vaginal flora, based on the weighted sum of the following 3 bacterial morphotypes scores calculated from slide examination under oil immersion field (See appendix 11.2) :

    1. Lactobacillus: large gram positive rods,
    2. Gardenella / Bacteroides spp: Small gram variable coccobacilli/small Gram negative rods,
    3. Mobiluncus spp.: thin, curved Gram variable rods.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects must be willing and able to understand and comply with the requirements of the protocol, including attendance at the required study visits and must provide the written informed consent prior to any study related procedure being performed.
  2. Healthy non-pregnant female aged ≥ 18 years with no known medical conditions that, in the investigator's opinion, may interfere with study participation or may interfere with the evaluation of bacterial vaginosis.
  3. Female subjects of childbearing potential (excluding women who are surgically sterilized or postmenopausal for at least 1 year), in addition to having a negative urine pregnancy test must be willing to use an acceptable form of birth control during the study from the day of the first dose administration to the Visit 2 Test-of-cure. For the purpose of this study the following are considered acceptable methods of birth control:

    • Oral or injectable contraceptives
    • Contraceptive patches
    • Depo-Provera® (stabilized for at least 3 months); Implanon™ (contraceptive implant), or abstinence with one of the above-listed methods of birth control should the Subject become sexually active.
    • A sterile sexual partner is NOT considered an adequate form of birth control.
    • Willing to refrain from sexual intercourse on study days 1-7 and for 48 hours prior to Visit 2 Test-of-cure.
  4. Willing to refrain from using any vaginal product (e.g., spermicide, tampon, douche, diaphragm, or condom) other than study product, on study Days 1-7, for 48 hours prior to the first dose of study product, and for 48 hours prior to Visit 2 Test-of-cure.
  5. Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis, defined as the presence of all of the following:

    • Clinical diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (e.g., thin, homogenous vaginal discharge associated with minimal or absent pruritus or inflammation AND
    • Saline wet mount of vaginal discharge demonstrating the proportion of clue cell to be ≥ 20% of the total epithelial cells AND
    • Vaginal pH > 4.5, using pH paper that measures from 4.0-6.0 AND
    • Positive "whiff test" after addition of a drop of 10% KOH to vaginal discharge)
    • Gram stain Nugent score ≥ 4 on first day of dosing (study day 1) (per Table 1 below).
    • Table 1: Nugent Scoring System (0-10) for Gram-stained Vaginal Smears (a)
    • Score (b) Lactobacillus morphotypes Gardnerella and Bacteroides spp. morphotypes Curved gram-variable rods
    • 0 4+ 0 0
    • 1 3+ 1+ 1+ or 2+
    • 2 2+ 2+ 3+ or 4+
    • 3 1+ 3+
    • 4 0 4+

Source: Nugent, R. P., M. A. Krohn, and S. L. Hillier. Reliability of diagnosing bacterial vaginosis is improved by a standardized method of Gram stain interpretation. J. Clin. Microbial. 1991; 29: 297-301.

  • Morphotypes are scored as the average number seen per oil immersion field. Note that less weight is given to curved gram-variable rods. Total score = lactobacilli + G. vaginalis and Bacteroides spp/ + curved rods.
  • 0, No morphotypes present; 1, <1 morphotype present; 2, 1 to 4 morphotypes present; 3, 5 to 30 morphotypes present; 4, 30 or more morphotypes present.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Female subjects who are pregnant, nursing or planning to become pregnant during study participation.
  2. Menstruating when diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is determined at Baseline visit.
  3. Primary or secondary immunodeficiency.
  4. Severe liver disease.
  5. History of regional enteritis, ulcerative colitis, or a history of "antibiotic-associated" colitis.
  6. Evidence of any vulvovaginitis other than bacterial vaginosis. (e.g., candidiasis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Herpes simplex).
  7. Subjects with visible signs of HPV infection, i.e. visible warts.
  8. Subject with another vaginal or vulvar condition, which would confound the interpretation of clinical response.
  9. Subject will be under treatment during the study period for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or cervical carcinoma.
  10. History of hypersensitivity to clindamycin, lincomycin, or any of the components of the vaginal creams.
  11. Use within 2 weeks prior to baseline of 1) topical or systemic antibiotics or 2) topical or systemic antifungal.
  12. Use of spermicides, tampons, douches, diaphragms, condoms within 48 hours of the baseline visit.
  13. Concurrent use of systemic corticosteroids or systemic antibiotics.
  14. Unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol requirements.
  15. Subjects who have participated in an investigational drug study (i.e., subjects have been treated with an investigational drug) within 30 days prior to baseline will be excluded from study participation. Subjects who are participating in non-treatment studies such as observational studies or registry studies can be considered for inclusion.
  16. Subjects who have been previously enrolled in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02210689


Locations
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United States, Alabama
Akesis Investigator site 5
Birmingham, Alabama, United States
United States, California
Akesis Investigator site 12
LA mesa, California, United States
Akesis investigator site 6
San Diego, California, United States
United States, Florida
Akesis Investigator site 1
Boyton Beach, Florida, United States
Akesis investigator site 14
North Miami, Florida, United States
Akesis investigator site 17
Sanford, Florida, United States, 32771
Akesis investigator site 8
Sunrise, Florida, United States
Akesis Investigator site 10
West Palm Beach, Florida, United States
United States, Georgia
Akesis Investigator site 9
Rosewell, Georgia, United States
United States, Louisiana
Akesis Investigator site 15
Metairie, Louisiana, United States
United States, New Jersey
Akesis investigator site 16
Lawrenceville, New Jersey, United States
United States, New York
Akesis investigator site 11
Port Jefferson, New York, United States
United States, Pennsylvania
Akesis investigator site 13
Philadephia, Pennsylvania, United States
United States, Tennessee
Akesis Investigator site 7
Jackson, Tennessee, United States
United States, Texas
Akesis investigator site 18
Houston, Texas, United States, 77011
Dominican Republic
Akesis investigator site 3
Santo Domingo, Republica Dominicana, Dominican Republic
Akesis investigator site 4
Santo Domingo, Republica Dominicana, Dominican Republic
Puerto Rico
Akesis Investigator site 2
Ponce, Puerto Rico
Sponsors and Collaborators
Actavis Inc.
Watson Laboratories, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: nageshwar r thudi, Ph.D., CCRP Actavis Inc.

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Responsible Party: Actavis Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02210689     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 13-1052
First Posted: August 7, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 19, 2015
Last Verified: March 2015
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Clindamycin
Clindamycin palmitate
Clindamycin phosphate
Vaginosis, Bacterial
Vaginal Diseases
Vaginal Discharge
Inflammation
Signs and Symptoms
Pathologic Processes
Genital Diseases, Female
Bacterial Infections
Vaginitis
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action