A Phase I Dual Dose Escalation Study of Radiation and Nab-Paclitaxel in Patients With Unresectable and Borderline ResectablePancreatic Cancer
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The investigators hypothesize that intensification of local therapy will lead to improvements in local control and survival in patients with unresectable and borderline resectablepancreatic cancer. The investigators propose to do this by combining nab-paclitaxel concurrently with dose-escalated radiation therapy. In the first part of this phase I study (sub-trial 1), the nab-paclitaxel dose will be escalated while the radiation dose is held constant at a standardly accepted level. The use of this novel chemoradiotherapy regimen will take advantage of nab-paclitaxels specific anti-tumor and anti-stromal properties, which may enhance the efficacy of radiation therapy, and thereby improve local control. After the MTD of nab-paclitaxel had been determined, in the second part of this study (sub-trial 2), the investigators will administer nab-paclitaxel at the determined MTD concurrently with escalated doses of radiation. The investigators will utilize a combination of protons and IMRT to safely deliver high doses of radiation while maximally sparing surrounding normal tissue. Patients will also preferentially have 2-3 fiducial markers placed in or around the tumor for daily localization and will be treated at breath hold in order to prevent tumor movement with normal respiration. Such a technique will help minimize target volumes and thereby avoid critical normal structures. The investigators will use gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel before and after chemoradiotherapy given its promising results in metastatic pancreatic cancer patients. Correlative tissue and serum biomarkers are an important, but optional, part of this study.
Condition or disease
Locally Advanced Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer Treated With ChemoradiotherapyBorderline ResectablePancreatic Cancer Treated With Chemoradiotherapy
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Pathologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas.
Unresectable disease or borderline resectable disease assessed by a multidisciplinary panel of pancreas surgeon, medical and radiation oncologist, and a radiologist. Criteria defining unresectable and borderline resectable patients will be based on the NCCN Guidelines (v 1.2014):
Greater than 180 degrees of SMA encasement
Any celiac abutment
Unreconstructible SMV/portal occlusion
Aortic invasion or encasement
Nodal metastases beyond the field of resection Borderline resectable
Venous involvement of the SMV/portal vein demonstrating tumor abutment with impingement and narrowing of the lumen
Encasement of the SMV/portal vein but without encasement of the nearby arteries
Short-segment venous occlusion resulting from either tumor thrombus or encasement with suitable proximal and distal vessel for reconstruction/grafting.
Gastroduodenal artery encasement up to the hepatic artery with either short segment encasement or direct abutment of the hepatic artery, without extension to celiac axis
Tumor abutment to SMA but not to exceed greater than 180 degrees of circumferential vessel wall
Age > 18 years.
ECOG performance status of < 1.
Adequate organ function defined as follows: absolute neutrophil count of ≥ 1500/mm3, platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3, serum creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dl, total bilirubin ≤ 3, (with relief of biliary obstruction if present (PTC tube or endobiliary stent) and AST < 5 times the upper limit of normal.
Patients of reproductive potential must agree to use an effective contraceptive method during participation in this trial and for 6 months after the trial.
Patients must be able to provide written informed consent.
Distant metastatic disease.
Prior history of abdominal radiation therapy.
Prior systemic therapy for pancreatic cancer.
Prior or simultaneous malignancy within the past 2 years (other than cutaneous squamous or basal cell carcinoma, melanoma in situ, thyroid carcinoma, or low-risk prostate cancer). In-situ carcinoma is allowed.
Serious uncontrolled concomitant systemic disorders or psychiatric condition that would interfere with the safe delivery of protocol therapy.
Treatment with an investigational anti-cancer agent within 4 weeks prior to enrollment into the study.
Pregnant women, women planning to become pregnant and women that are nursing.
Patients who are unable to perform the breath hold scan for planning purposes