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Trial record 40 of 82 for:    GRAZOPREVIR ANHYDROUS AND ELBASVIR

Study of Grazoprevir (MK-5172) and Elbasvir (MK-8742) in Japanese Participants With Chronic Hepatitis C (MK-5172-058)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02203149
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 29, 2014
Results First Posted : October 11, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 24, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:
This is a two-part study of grazoprevir (MK-5172) + elbasvir (MK-8742) in Japanese participants with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 (GT1). Part I is a dose-finding study; in Part II, participants will be randomly assigned to receive grazoprevir at the dose determined in Part I in combination with elbasvir. The primary study hypothesis is that the percentage of treatment-naïve participants in the Immediate Treatment Arm of Part II who achieve sustained viral response at 12 weeks after the end of all treatment (SVR12) will be greater than the reference rate of 75%. A separate study arm for cirrhotic participants will also be included in Part II; these participants will receive grazoprevir at the determined dose in combination with elbasvir.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatitis C Drug: Grazoprevir Drug: Elbasvir Drug: Placebo to Grazoprevir Drug: Placebo to Elbasvir Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

In Part 1, HCV GT1 participants are randomized into one of two arms: 50 mg grazoprevir plus 50 mg elbasvir for 12 weeks during the double blinded (DB) period followed by 24 weeks of follow-up (FU) during an open-label (OL) period [Arm 1]; or 100 mg grazoprevir plus 50 mg elbasvir for 12 weeks during the DB followed by 24 weeks of FU during the OL [Arm 2]. Unblinding will occur after all participants complete FU Week 4 at which time the grazoprevir dose will be selected.

In Part 2, non-cirrhotic HCV GT1 participants and GT1 participants with compensated liver cirrhosis all receive the selected dose of grazoprevir (50 mg or 100 mg from Part 1) with 50 mg elbasvir for 12 weeks. Non-cirrhotic GT1 participants are randomized to receive either a) 12 weeks of active treatment immediately during the DB with 24 weeks of FU in the OL [Arm 1/Immediate Arm] or b) placebo for 12 weeks with 4 weeks of follow-up during the DB followed by 12 weeks of active treatment and 24 weeks of follow-up during the OL [Arm 2/Deferred Arm]. All cirrhotic participants [Arm 3/Cirrhotic] receive the selected dose immediately for 12 weeks during the DB with 24 weeks of FU during the OL.

Safety analyses for Part 1 and Part 2 arms will focus on the 12 week treatment phase plus the first 4 FU weeks. For the Part 2 Deferred Arm this will include the initial 12 week placebo treatment and first 4 weeks of FU. Efficacy analyses for Parts 1 and 2 will evaluate active treatment only (Weeks 1-12 for all arms except for Part 2 Deferred Arm which is weeks 16-28).

Part 1:

50 mg grazoprevir + 50 mg elbasvir treatment for 12 weeks, 24 weeks follow-up (Arm 1) 100 mg grazoprevir + 50 mg elbasvir treatment for 12 weeks, 24 weeks follow-up (Arm 2)

Part 2:

Selected dose of grazoprevir + 50 mg elbasvir treatment for 12 weeks, 24 weeks follow-up (Arm 1/Immediate) Placebo treatment for 12 weeks, 4 weeks follow-up, selected dose of grazoprevir + 50 mg elbasvir treatment for 12 weeks, 24 weeks follow-up (Arm 2/Deferred) Selected dose of grazoprevir + 50 mg elbasvir treatment for 12 weeks, 24 weeks follow-up (Arm 3/Cirrhotic)

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 399 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Randomized Clinical Trial to Study the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of the Combination Regimen of MK-5172 and MK-8742 in Japanese Subjects With Chronic Hepatitis C and a Phase III, Randomized Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial to Study the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of the Combination Regimen of MK-5172 and MK-8742 in Japanese Subjects With Chronic Hepatitis C
Actual Study Start Date : August 1, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : May 16, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1 Grazoprevir 50 mg + Elbasvir
Non-cirrhotic participants take 50 mg grazoprevir in combination with 50 mg elbasvir by mouth (p.o.) once daily (q.d.) for 12 weeks during the blinded period of Part 1 and are followed-up for 24 weeks during the open-label period of Part 1.
Drug: Grazoprevir
One or two 50 mg tablets (depending on randomization) taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Drug: Elbasvir
One 50 mg tablet taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Drug: Placebo to Grazoprevir
One tablet of placebo matched to grazoprevir, taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Experimental: Part 1 Grazoprevir 100 mg + Elbasvir
Non-cirrhotic participants take 100 mg grazoprevir in combination with 50 mg elbasvir p.o. q.d. for 12 weeks during the blinded period of Part 1 and are followed-up for 24 weeks during the open-label period of Part 1.
Drug: Grazoprevir
One or two 50 mg tablets (depending on randomization) taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Drug: Elbasvir
One 50 mg tablet taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Experimental: Part 2 Non-cirrhotic Immediate: Grazoprevir + Elbasvir
Non-cirrhotic participants take grazoprevir (50 mg or 100 mg dose selected from Part I) and 50 mg elbasvir p.o. q.d. for 12 weeks during the blinded period of Part 2 and are followed-up for 24 weeks during the open-label period of Part 2.
Drug: Grazoprevir
One or two 50 mg tablets (depending on randomization) taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Drug: Elbasvir
One 50 mg tablet taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Placebo Comparator: Part 2 Non-cirrhotic Deferred: Placebo► Grazoprevir + Elbasvir
Non-cirrhotic participants take dose-matched placebo p.o. q.d. for 12 weeks during the blinded period of Part 2 followed by a 4-week follow-up. Afterwards, participants take grazoprevir (50 mg or 100 mg dose selected from Part I) and 50 mg elbasvir p.o. q.d. for 12 weeks and are followed-up for 24 weeks during the open-label period of Part 2.
Drug: Grazoprevir
One or two 50 mg tablets (depending on randomization) taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Drug: Elbasvir
One 50 mg tablet taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Drug: Placebo to Grazoprevir
One tablet of placebo matched to grazoprevir, taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Drug: Placebo to Elbasvir
One tablet of placebo matched to elbasvir, taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Experimental: Part 2 Cirrhotic: Grazoprevir + Elbasvir
Cirrhotic participants take grazoprevir (50 mg or 100 mg dose selected from Part 1) and 50 mg elbasvir p.o. q.d. for 12 weeks during the blinded period of Part 2, and are followed-up for 24 weeks during the open-label period of Part 2.
Drug: Grazoprevir
One or two 50 mg tablets (depending on randomization) taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.

Drug: Elbasvir
One 50 mg tablet taken orally once daily for 12 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part 2: Percentage of Treatment-naïve Participants in the Immediate Treatment Arm Achieving Sustained Viral Response at 12 Weeks After The End of All Treatment (SVR12) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after end of all therapy in Part 2 (Study Week 24 of Part 2) ]
    Blood was drawn from each participant to assess Hepatitis C Virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) plasma levels using the Roche COBAS® Taqman quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, v2.0, which had a lower limit of quantification (LLoQ) of 1.2 Log IU/mL (15 IU/mL) and a lower limit of detection (LLoD) below 15 IU/ml (no specific value). SVR12 was defined as undetectable HCV RNA (target not detected) at 12 weeks after the end of all study therapy. The Clopper-Pearson method was used to construct 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the SVR12 rate. The lower limit of the 95% CI was compared to the reference rate of 75%; a lower CI limit that was higher than the reference rate would confirm the primary hypothesis and indicate that that the treatment combination was efficacious. As pre-specified in the protocol, only the Immediate Treatment Arm of Part 2 (treatment naïve participants) was included in the primary efficacy analysis.

  2. Part 1: Percentage of Participants Experiencing an Adverse Event (AE) During Treatment and First 4 Follow-Up Weeks [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks post last dose in Part 1 (Up to total of 16 weeks) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE could therefore be any unfavourable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change in frequency and/or intensity) of a preexisting condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, was also an AE. The primary safety evaluation was limited to the initial treatment period through Follow-up Week 4 (FUWK4).

  3. Part 1: Percentage of Participants That Discontinued Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to Study Week 12 in Part 1 ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE could therefore be any unfavourable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change in frequency and/or intensity) of a preexisting condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, was also an AE. The primary safety evaluation was limited to the initial treatment period through FUWK4.

  4. Part 2: Percentage of Participants Experiencing an AE During Initial Treatment and First 4 Follow-Up Weeks [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks following initial treatment in Part 2 (Up to total of 16 weeks) ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE could therefore be any unfavourable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening of a preexisting condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, was also an AE. The primary safety evaluation was limited to the initial treatment period and first 4 follow-up weeks, and the primary safety statistical analysis compared the percentage of participants with events between the Part 2 Immediate Treatment Arm and the Part 2 Deferred Treatment Arm while receiving placebo.

  5. Part 2: Percentage of Participants That Discontinued Initial Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to Study Week 12 in Part 2 ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE could therefore be any unfavourable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening of a preexisting condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, was also an AE. The primary safety evaluation was limited to the initial treatment period and first 4 follow-up weeks, and the primary safety statistical analysis compared the percentage of participants with events between the Part 2 Immediate Treatment Arm and the Part 2 Deferred Treatment Arm while receiving placebo.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part 1: Percentage of Participants Achieving Undetectable HCV RNA Over Time [ Time Frame: Part 1 Treatment Weeks (TW)2, TW4, TW12, End of Treatment (EOT), FUWK4, FUWK12, FUWK24 ]
    Blood was drawn from each participant to assess HCV RNA plasma levels using the Roche COBAS® Taqman quantitative RT-PCR assay, v2.0, which had a LLoQ of 1.2 Log IU/mL (15 IU/mL) and a LLoD below 15 IU/ml (no specific value). Undetectable HCV RNA was defined as HCV RNA target not detected. The percentage of participants with undetectable HCV RNA at TW2, TW4, TW12, EOT, FUWK4, FUWK12, and FUWK24 is summarized for each arm. The Clopper-Pearson method was used to construct 95% CIs for SVR rates.

  2. Part 1: Percentage of Participants Achieving HCV RNA Below the Lower Limit of Quantitation (<LLoQ) Over Time [ Time Frame: Part 1 TW2, TW4, TW12, EOT, FUWK4, FUWK12, FUWK24 ]
    Blood was drawn from each participant to assess HCV RNA plasma levels using the Roche COBAS® Taqman quantitative RT-PCR assay, v2.0, which had a LLoQ of 1.2 Log IU/mL (15 IU/mL) and a LLoD below 15 IU/ml (no specific value). Undetectable HCV RNA was defined as HCV RNA target not detected. The percentage of participants with HCV RNA <LLoQ at TW2, TW4, TW12, EOT, FUWK4, FUWK12, and FUWK24 is summarized for each arm. The Clopper-Pearson method was used to construct 95% CIs for SVR rates.

  3. Part 2: Percentage of Participants Achieving Undetectable HCV RNA Over Time After Active Treatment [ Time Frame: Part 2: Active TW2, TW4, TW12, End of Treatment (EOT), FUWK4, FUWK12, FUWK24 ]
    Blood was drawn from each participant to assess HCV RNA plasma levels using the Roche COBAS® Taqman quantitative RT-PCR assay, v2.0, which had a LLoQ of 1.2 Log IU/mL (15 IU/mL) and a LLoD below 15 IU/ml (no specific value). Undetectable HCV RNA was defined as HCV RNA target not detected. The percentage of participants with undetectable HCV RNA at TW2, TW4, TW12, EOT, FUWK4, FUWK12, and FUWK24 is summarized for each arm. Data reported for the Part 2 Deferred Treatment Arm corresponds to the deferred active treatment weeks and subsequent follow-up. The Clopper-Pearson method was used to construct 95% CIs for SVR rates.

  4. Part 2: Percentage of Participants Achieving HCV RNA <LLoQ Over Time After Active Treatment [ Time Frame: Part 2: Active TW2, TW4, TW12, End of Treatment (EOT), FUWK4, FUWK12, FUWK24 ]
    Blood was drawn from each participant to assess HCV RNA plasma levels using the Roche COBAS® Taqman quantitative RT-PCR assay, v2.0, which had a LLoQ of 1.2 Log IU/mL (15 IU/mL) and a LLoD below 15 IU/ml (no specific value). Undetectable HCV RNA was defined as HCV RNA target not detected. The percentage of participants with HCV RNA <LLoQ at TW2, TW4, TW12, EOT, FUWK4, FUWK12, and FUWK24 is summarized for each arm. Data reported for the Part 2 Deferred Treatment Arm corresponds to the deferred active treatment weeks and subsequent follow-up. The Clopper-Pearson method was used to construct 95% CIs for SVR rates.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has documented chronic Japanese HCV genotype (GT) 1 with no evidence of non-typeable or mixed GT infection
  • Is treatment-naïve, or intolerant or non-responder to prior anti-HCV interferon (IFN)-based treatment without direct acting antiviral (DAA) therapy, prior IFN-based treatment with DAA therapy, or prior DAA therapy
  • Agrees to the use of contraception if a female of reproductive potential

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has evidence of decompensated liver disease manifested by the presence of or history of ascites, esophageal or gastric variceal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy or other signs or symptoms of advanced liver disease
  • Is coinfected with hepatitis B virus or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Has a history of malignancy ≤5 years prior to signing informed consent except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ
  • Has cirrhosis and liver imaging within 6 months of Day 1 showing evidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or is under evaluation for HCC (Part 2 only)
  • Has clinically-relevant drug or alcohol abuse within 12 months of screening
  • Is a female and is pregnant or breast-feeding, or expecting to conceive or donate eggs from Day 1 and continue throughout treatment and follow-up (or longer if dictated by local regulations)
  • Has any of the following conditions:
  • Organ transplants (including hematopoietic stem cell transplants) other than cornea and hair
  • Poor venous access
  • History of gastric surgery (e.g., stapling, bypass) or subject with a history of malabsorption disorders (e.g., celiac sprue disease)
  • History of a medical/surgical condition that resulted in hospitalization within the 3 months prior to enrollment, other than for minor elective procedures
  • Medical/surgical conditions that may result in a need for hospitalization during the period of the study
  • Any medical condition requiring, or likely to require, chronic systemic administration of corticosteroids, TNF antagonists, or other immunosuppressant drugs during the course of the trial
  • Has chronic hepatitis not caused by HCV, including but not limited to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), drug-induced hepatitis, and autoimmune hepatitis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02203149


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02203149    
Other Study ID Numbers: 5172-058
142638 ( Registry Identifier: JAPIC-CTI )
First Posted: July 29, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 11, 2016
Last Update Posted: September 24, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: https://www.merck.com/clinical-trials/pdf/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
MK-5172
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Hepatitis
Hepatitis, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents