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Selinexor, Carfilzomib, and Dexamethasone in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma (SINE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02199665
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 24, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2022
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Chicago

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of selinexor and carfilzomib when given together with dexamethasone in treating patients with multiple myeloma that has returned or does not respond to treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as selinexor and dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Carfilzomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving selinexor, carfilzomib, and dexamethasone may be a better treatment for multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Refractory Multiple Myeloma Drug: selinexor Drug: carfilzomib Drug: dexamethasone Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of the combination of selinexor, carfilzomib, and dexamethasone in relapsed and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.


I. Determine safety and tolerability.

II. Determine the efficacy, as measured by the rates of stable disease or better (including minimal response, partial response, very good partial response, complete response, and stringent complete response).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of selinexor and carfilzomib.

Patients receive selinexor orally (PO), carfilzomib intravenously (IV), and dexamethasone PO QD or IV. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 3 months for 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of the Combination of a Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE), Selinexor With Carfilzomib and Dexamethasone in Patients With Relapsed or Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : June 12, 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 25, 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Selinexor, carfilzomib, dexamethasone
Patients receive selinexor PO, carfilzomib IV, and dexamethasone PO QD or IV. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: selinexor
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CRM1 nuclear export inhibitor KPT-330
  • KPT-330
  • selective inhibitor of nuclear export KPT-330
  • SINE KPT-330

Drug: carfilzomib
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Kyprolis
  • PR-171

Drug: dexamethasone
Given PO or IV
Other Names:
  • Aeroseb-Dex
  • Decaderm
  • Decadron
  • DM
  • DXM

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of selinexor, carfilzomib, and dexamethasone [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Defined as the dose level below the dose in which greater than or equal to 2 out of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Will be assessed using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of toxicities related to the combination of selinexor and carfilzomib assessed using NCI CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after completion of study treatment ]
  2. Efficacy as measured by stable disease or better (including MR, partial response, very good partial response, complete response and stringent complete response) according to IMWG criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The number of patients with stable disease or better will be summarized by dose level; 90% confidence intervals will be generated for the RP2D cohort.

  3. Incidence of toxicities assessed using NCI CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after completion of study treatment ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent in accordance with federal, local, and institutional guidelines
  • Aged 18 years or older
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
  • Diagnosis of multiple myeloma as per International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) uniform criteria
  • Measurable disease by IMWG as defined by at least one of the following:

    • Serum M-protein >= 0.5 g/dL
    • Urine M-protein >= 200 mg in a 24-hour collection
    • Serum free light chain level >= 10 mg/dL provided the free light chain ratio is abnormal
    • Measurable plasmacytoma; if plasmacytoma measurement is the only measurable disease, subject eligibility must be reviewed with lead principal investigator (PI) prior to signing consent
  • Relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma with progressive disease at study entry
  • Subjects must have been treated with at least 2 prior therapies including a proteasome inhibitor and a cereblon-binding agent

    • Subjects who are refractory to carfilzomib may enroll throughout the trial; carfilzomib refractory status is defined by IMWG criteria: disease that is nonresponsive while on salvage therapy, or progresses within 60 days of last therapy in patients who have achieved minimal response (MR) or better at some point previously before then progressing in their disease course
  • Ability to adhere with the study visit schedule and other protocol procedures
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.0 x 10^9/L; screening ANC should be independent of growth factor support for over one week for all patients
  • Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL; subjects may receive red blood cell transfusions as clinically indicated per institutional guidelines but screening hemoglobin should be independent of red blood cell transfusion for at least 3 days prior to cycle 1 day 1
  • Platelet count >= 50,000mm^3; platelet count should be independent of transfusions for at least 14 days for eligibility
  • Total bilirubin =< 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) (except patients with Gilbert's syndrome who must have a total bilirubin of < 3 times ULN)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 times ULN; in the case of known (radiological and/or biopsy documented) liver metastasis, ALT =< 2.5 times ULN is acceptable
  • Estimated creatinine clearance of >= 30 mL/min, calculated using the formula of Cockroft and Gault
  • Female patients of child-bearing potential must agree practice abstinence or use dual methods of contraception during treatment and for 90 days after last dose of study drug.
  • Female patients of child-bearing potential must have negative pregnancy test at screening
  • Male patients must agree practice abstinence or use effective barrier methods of contraception during treatment and for 90 days after last dose of study drug
  • Male patients must agree not to donate semen or sperm treatment and for 90 days after last dose of carfilzomib

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are pregnant or lactating
  • Radiation, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy or any other anticancer therapy =< 2 weeks prior to cycle 1 day 1
  • Concurrent therapy with approved or investigational anticancer therapeutic other than steroids
  • Major surgery within four weeks before cycle 1 day 1
  • Unstable angina or myocardial infarction within 4 months prior to randomization, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40%, uncontrolled angina, history of severe coronary artery disease, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias including uncontrolled chronic atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter, history of torsades de pointe, sick sinus syndrome, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or grade 3 conduction system abnormalities unless subject has a pacemaker
  • Subject has plasma cell leukemia or Waldenstrom's macroglobuleinemia or POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes) or amyloidosis
  • Uncontrolled hypertension or uncontrolled diabetes within 14 days prior to randomization
  • Uncontrolled infection requiring parenteral antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals within 14 days prior to first dose; patients with controlled infection or on prophylactic antibiotics are permitted in the study
  • Known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive
  • Known active hepatitis A, B, or C infection; or known to be positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) ribonucleic acid (RNA) or HBsAg (hepatitis B virus [HBV] surface antigen)
  • Non-hematologic malignancy within the past 3 years with the exception of a) adequately treated basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell skin cancer, or thyroid cancer; b) carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast; c) prostate cancer of Gleason grade 6 or less with stable prostate-specific antigen levels; or d) cancer considered cured by surgical resection or unlikely to impact survival during the duration of the study, such as localized transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder or benign tumors of the adrenal or pancreas
  • Patients with markedly decreased visual acuity in the opinion of the treating investigator after completion of screening ophthalmologic exam
  • Significant neuropathy (grades 3-4, or grade 2 with pain) within 14 days prior to randomization
  • Known history of allergy to Captisol® (a cyclodextrin derivative used to solubilize carfilzomib)
  • Any underlying condition that would significantly interfere with the absorption of an oral medication
  • Serious psychiatric or medical conditions that could interfere with treatment
  • Contraindication to any of the required concomitant drugs or supportive treatments, including hypersensitivity to all anticoagulation and antiplatelet options, antiviral drugs, or intolerance to hydration due to preexisting pulmonary or cardiac impairment
  • Subjects with pleural effusions requiring thoracentesis or ascites requiring paracentesis within 14 days prior to randomization
  • Patients with coagulation problems and active bleeding in the last month prior to cycle 1 day 1 (peptic ulcer, epistaxis, spontaneous bleeding)
  • Previous Selinexor exposure

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02199665

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Contact: Cancer Clinical Trials Office 1-855-702-8222

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United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic (AZ) Active, not recruiting
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago Recruiting
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
Contact: Andrzej J. Jakubowiak    773-702-1345   
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Jakubowiak         
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center Active, not recruiting
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Wayne State University Karmanos Cancer Institute Recruiting
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Contact: Michael Marano   
Contact: Carol Muzyk    313 576 9690   
United States, New York
Mount Sinai Medical Center Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Contact: Ajai Chari, MD   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Chicago
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Andrzej Jakubowiak University of Chicago
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Chicago Identifier: NCT02199665    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB14-0033
NCI-2014-01199 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
IRB14-0033 ( Other Identifier: University of Chicago )
P30CA014599 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 24, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 4, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents