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Change Clubs for African American Women

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02173366
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 25, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 5, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Boston Nutrition Obesity Research Center (administered by Boston Medical Center)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tufts University

Brief Summary:
African American women have among the highest rates of overweight and obesity and few meet dietary or physical activity guidelines. The investigators seek to develop a new intervention strategy that will help alleviate health disparities, thereby improving quality of life, health care costs, and disease burden. The African American Collaborative Obesity Research Network (AACORN) recommends an eco-social, community-engaged approach to behavior change that is in line with cultural values of interconnectedness and care for others. The purpose of this study is to operationalize the AACORN paradigm to promote improvements in weight status and health through a civic engagement approach. To achieve this, participants will meet in church-based Change Clubs and be led through a 6 month curriculum, which includes both lessons in cardiovascular risk reduction and a civic engagement project. Civic engagement may lead to change in individual health behaviors by increasing self-regulation and self-efficacy. The investigators will measure club members' adherence to the Change Club intervention, defined as average number of sessions attended, retention in the clubs, satisfaction with the Change Club experience and achievement of at least 50% of self-identified benchmarks for community change within 6 months. In addition the investigators will compare anthropometric factors, diet and physical activity behaviors, blood pressure, cardiorespiratory fitness, and psychosocial factors before and after participation in the Change Club intervention.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obesity Cardiovascular Disease Behavioral: Change Club Intervention Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Preliminary Investigation of Civic Engagement as a Novel Approach to Behavior Change and Body Weight Improvement in African American Females
Study Start Date : December 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : February 1, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Change Club Intervention Behavioral: Change Club Intervention



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Weight from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    Body weight will be measured in triplicate to the nearest 0.5 kg using a digital floor scale (Seca 876).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Diet from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    Two 24-hour recalls (1 weekday and 1 weekend day) will be collected. Data will be entered into the Nutrition Data System for Research (NDSR). Nutrient and food group calculations will be performed using the NDSR software.

  2. Change in Physical Activity Level from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    Physical activity levels will be measured objectively using accelerometers (ActiGraph GT3X worn for 7 days) and by self-report (7-Day Physical Activity Recall).

  3. Change in Blood Pressure from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    Blood pressure will be measured to the nearest 1mm Hg using a validated automated monitor (Omron HEM-705CP), using American Heart Association guidelines.

  4. Change in Cardiorespiratory Fitness Level from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    Cardiovascular fitness will be measured using the Rockport 1-mile walk test. Participants will walk a flat, 1-mile course as fast as possible without running. Heart rate will be measured immediately after. VO2max will be estimated from validated formulas using 1-mile walk time, gender, age, body weight, and ending heart rate.

  5. Change in Self-Efficacy from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    Self-efficacy will be assessed the Weight Efficacy Life-Style Questionnaire (Clark 1991). The exercise self-efficacy scale contains 5 items measuring confidence in ability to exercise under various challenges.

  6. Change in Collective Efficacy from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    Collective efficacy will be measured using an adapted 8-item Likert style scale (Sampson, Raudebush, & Earls 1997) that examines the extent to which individuals in a neighborhood or community trust and help others.

  7. Change in Percent Body Fat from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    Percent body fat will be measured by bioelectric impedance using a Tanita TBF-410 Bioelectric Impedance Body Composition Analyzer.

  8. Change in Perceived Stress from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    Perceived stress will be measured using the validated 14-item Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen 1983).

  9. Change in Level of Civic Engagement from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    We will use the Civic Engagement Scale (Doolittle and Faul 2013) to assess civic engagement.

  10. Change in Level of Self-Regulation from Pre to Post-Intervention (6 Months) [ Time Frame: pre-post; participants will be followed for the 6-month intervention period ]
    Self-regulation will be measured using a scale developed by Saelens et al. (2000) to measure self-regulatory skill usage for exercise and for controlled eating.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Adherence [ Time Frame: attendance will be monitored throughout the 6-month intervention period ]
  2. Retention [ Time Frame: participant retention will be monitored throughout the 6-month intervention period ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • female;
  • age 30-70 years;
  • self-identified as African American;
  • English-speaking;
  • BMI ≥25.0;
  • currently sedentary (not meeting Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans);
  • safe to initiate moderate physical activity per the PAR-Q.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • failure to provide informed consent;
  • participation in any other lifestyle modification program;
  • current use of either prescription or over-the-counter weight loss medications;
  • inability to communicate due to severe,
  • uncorrectable hearing loss or speech disorder;
  • severe visual impairment (if it precludes completion of assessments and/or intervention);
  • planning to move outside of area within 6 months;
  • pregnancy (since weight loss, the primary outcome, is inadvisable in this population).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02173366


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Friedman School of Nutrition, Tufts University
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02111
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tufts University
Boston Nutrition Obesity Research Center (administered by Boston Medical Center)

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Tufts University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02173366     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11244
First Posted: June 25, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 5, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cardiovascular Diseases