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Fall Recovery Training for Older Adults in Continuous Care Facilities

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02173015
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 24, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2017
University of Illinois at Chicago
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kenton R. Kaufman, Ph.D., Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect that a new fall prevention training program has on the fall incidence of long-term care facility residents at high-risk of falling.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Accidental Falls Other: Compensatory step training Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Compensatory Step Training for Reducing the Fall Incidence of Older Adults Residing in Continuous Care Facilities
Study Start Date : April 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Falls

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Low Fall Risk
Individuals who have a functional reach greater than 8" and a unipedal stance time greater than 5 s.
No Intervention: High Fall Risk, No Training
Individuals who have a functional reach of 8" or less OR a unipedal stance time of 5 s or less, but do not qualify for compensatory step training due to health concerns.
Experimental: High Fall Risk, Training
Individuals who have a functional reach of 8" or less OR a unipedal stance time of 5 s or less, and qualify for compensatory step training.
Other: Compensatory step training
The training consists of a progression of anterior or posterior treadmill belt movements applied as the subject is standing or walking. This training specifically focuses on aspects important to trip and slip recovery. Subjects will participate in up to 6 sessions in 7 to 30 days. The training intensity (magnitude of disturbance delivered) is progressive and dependent on subject performance. Subjects will be instructed to respond with single or multiple steps in order to prevent a fall. All subjects will be outfitted with a safety harness to prevent injury. Up to 72 disturbances will be delivered each session.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fall Incidence [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ]
    The fall incidence (fallers / total group size) of low-risk residents, high-risk residents who do not complete training, and high-risk residents who complete training.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must be 50 years or older, living in continuous-care retirement facilities.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. For participation in study:

    • Three or more errors on the Six-Item Screener for Cognitive Impairment
    • Individuals who cannot provide consent for themselves
  2. For participation in compensatory step training:

    • Physician or nurse practitioner approval to participate in the study with the guidelines that subjects should not participate if any of the following is applicable:
    • Unable to walk one block without stopping or using a walking aid (self-reported)
    • Acute illness at the time of functional assessment or training
    • Body mass greater than 114 kg
    • Body size too large for wearing a safety harness
    • Lower extremity joint replacement within a year prior to participation
    • Femoral neck or total hip bone mineral density t-score less than -2.5
    • Based on a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan in the Mayo Clinic Charlton Clinical Research Unit (CRU), with no medication changes that may affect bone mineral density at the hip (e.g. starting prednisone). During the visit to the CRU, the subject's height and weight will be measured.
    • If the subject has had a hip DXA scan within 6 months of participation, the exclusion criterion will be based on the previous scan.
    • If the subject has had bilateral hip replacement, then the subject will not qualify for compensatory step training.
    • Dementia
    • Parkinson's disease
    • A history of stroke
    • A history of back surgery
    • Bulging vertebral discs
    • Spine, hip, or lower extremity fracture within a year prior to participation
    • Open lesions on the lower extremity
    • In case of lower extremity amputation, stump volume fluctuations within a year of training
    • Use of a pacemaker
    • Use of an ostomy pouch
    • Pregnancy
    • Doctor recommendation to avoid moderate physical activity or exercise
    • Any neural, muscular, or skeletal condition or injury that precludes safe participation in the training, at the discretion of the clinician or study staff.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02173015

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United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
University of Illinois at Chicago
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Principal Investigator: Kenton R Kaufman, PhD Mayo Clinic

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Responsible Party: Kenton R. Kaufman, Ph.D., W Hall Wendel Jr Musculoskeletal Research Professor, Mayo Clinic Identifier: NCT02173015     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 13-000605
UL1TR000135 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 24, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 4, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Kenton R. Kaufman, Ph.D., Mayo Clinic:
accidental falls
older adults
long-term care
nursing home
postural balance