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High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Device in Patients With Autonomous Hyperfunctioning Thyroid Nodules

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02169687
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Protocol's modifications requested by IRB weren't feasible to continue the study)
First Posted : June 23, 2014
Last Update Posted : June 23, 2014
Groupe Hospitalier Pitie-Salpetriere
Hôpital Saint Louis Paris
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of High Intensity Focalized Ultrasound (HIFU) in the treatment for toxic Thyroids nodules

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Autonomous Hyperfunctioning Thyroid Nodules Device: HIFU Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Hyperthyroidism is defined by a decrease in thyrotropin (TSH) level associated with elevated or normal free T4 and T3 (subclinical hyperthyroidism). The most frequent etiology in the older population is toxic adenoma or toxic multinodular goiter. Several studies have demonstrated that such hyperthyroid status was associated with an increase in cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation) and an increase in cardiovascular mortality. Nevertheless, the management of patients presenting with subclinical hyperthyroidism remains controversial.

Surgery is indicated in case of large toxic adenomas especially in young patients. In European countries, radioiodine treatment is indicated in older patients, especially presenting with cardiothyreosis or when surgery is contraindicated. Radioiodine is a simple, cost-effective, and safe procedure in the treatment of autonomously hyperfunctioning thyroid nodule. In a prospective study [Nygaard, 1999], there was a 45% decrease in the total thyroid volume within 3 months after radio-iodine treatment, and 75% of patients with no previous anti-thyroid drug treatment normalized for thyroid function within 3 months. In another recently published prospective study [Endorgan, 2004], there was a decrease in hot nodules volume assessed by US of 28.8% 3 months, 46.2% 6 months and 54% 12 months after radioiodine treatment, and 66.7% of patients were euthyroid at 3 months, 71.8% at 6 months, 76.9% at 12 months. The AACE guidelines for the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules [Feld, 1996] recommend that all patients with toxic autonomous thyroid nodules require treatment and remind that radioactive iodine is the treatment of choice for most patients with toxic nodules. Nevertheless, at the present time there are no published data that demonstrate the effectiveness of radioiodine treatment on the prevention of cardiac complications in case of subclinical hyperthyroidism. When radioiodine treatment is proposed, physicians must follow regulations and policies on 131I in Europe and US. The European Union recently adopted the main international commission on radiological protection (ICRP) recommendations on radiation protection. Such regulation may raise a number of practical problems for 131I treated patients. With the exception of a few countries as Germany and Switzerland, there often is no legislation defining the maximal dose of radioiodine that can be administered on an ambulatory basis. Policies and recommendations have been proposed to reduce the radiation hazards for the public or the family leaving around the radioiodine treated patients.

Therefore, because of these radioprotection recommendations, and because of contraindication to surgery and to radioiodine in some cases, an alternative treatment for toxic nodular nodules, HIFU, may be suggested.

The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy and safety of HIFU treatment for autonomous hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules. The main objective of the study is to assess the rate of patients with TSH normalization (or increase). US changes of treated nodules, especially the nodule volume, will be evaluated.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot, Monocentric, Non-comparative Study of the Effectiveness and Safety of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Device in Patients With Autonomous Hyperfunctioning Thyroid Nodules
Study Start Date : June 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Thyroid

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Hifu Device: HIFU
High Intensity focalized Ultrasounds

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patient with TSH normalization / increase [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of patients with TSH normalization / increase [ Time Frame: 3 weeks, 6 months, 12 months ]
  2. Changes of FT3 and FT4 [ Time Frame: D3, D14, 6 weeks, M3, M6, M12 ]
  3. Change in the volume nodule [ Time Frame: 6 weeks, M3, M6 and M12 ]
  4. Number of adverse events [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patient, aged at least 18 years.
  • Patient presenting with at least one autonomous hyperfunctioning thyroid nodule

    • TSH 0,1 mU/ml
    • Hyperfunctioning at thyroid scintigraphy with partial or total extinction of parenchyma
  • Targeted nodules visible with ultrasonography
  • Volume to be treated 15 cc
  • Targeted area located at least at 2 mm from the trachea, the esophagus, and the carotid artery.
  • Composition of the targeted nodule: no more than 75% cystic.
  • Absence of abnormality at laryngoscopy in recurrent nerves
  • Voluntary consent (patient or legal guardian) to participate in the study, following a full explanation of the nature and purpose of the study, by signing the Informed Consent document at the eligibility assessment visit
  • Patients for whom iodine therapy is contra-indicated or unfeasible and surgery is contra-indicated or refused
  • Patients refusing iodine therapy
  • Willingness and availability to return for all required follow-up visits and to undergo all required study procedures.
  • Patient affiliated to the French Health Insurance System

Exclusion Criteria:

  • For the targeted nodule(s): presence of signs evidencing a nodule malignancy (compression or curvature of the surrounding organs, positive or suspicious previous FNAB).
  • Suspicious cervical lymph nodes at US
  • > 75% Cystic nodule
  • Macrocalcification inducing a shadow in the thyroid significant enough to preclude the HIFU treatment
  • Pregnant or lactating woman. Female patient of childbearing age will be screened for pregnancy prior to enrollment in the study and will be included only if having a suitable contraception method.
  • Known latex or lidocaine hypersensitivity
  • History of neck irradiation or subtotal thyroidectomy
  • Non controlled evolutive cardiothyreosis
  • Patients treated with antithyroid medications within the month before the pre-treatment visit
  • Subjects whose concurrent illnesses, disability, or geographical residence would hamper regular attendance at required study visits
  • Patients who have received any investigational drug or device within the last 30 days and/or patients who are currently participating in another clinical trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02169687

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Hôpital Pitié Salpetrière
Paris, France, 75013
Sponsors and Collaborators
Groupe Hospitalier Pitie-Salpetriere
Hôpital Saint Louis Paris
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Responsible Party: Theraclion Identifier: NCT02169687    
Other Study ID Numbers: HIFU/F/02.01/Protocol V0
First Posted: June 23, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 23, 2014
Last Verified: June 2014
Keywords provided by Theraclion:
Thyroid, HIFU, hyperfunctioning, autonomous
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Thyroid Nodule
Thyroid Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Thyroid Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms