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Phase Ib Study of SUnitinib Alternating With REgorafenib in Patients With Metastatic and/or Unresectable GIST (SURE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02164240
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 16, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Bayer
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Suzanne George, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research study is to determine the safety and tolerability of sunitinib alternating with regorafenib in participants with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor GIST, if the standard approved therapies (imatinib, sunitinib and regorafenib) have failed to control the disease. Additionally, this study seeks to determine the highest dose that can be given safely for this combination of drugs.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Drug: Sunitinib Drug: Regorafenib Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This is a non-randomized, open label, single-center, single-arm, phase Ib study to evaluate the safety and the preliminary efficacy of short cycles of sunitinib alternated with regorafenib in participants with metastatic and/or unresectable gastrointestinal stromal tumor GISTs with prior failure of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). The study consists of two cohorts: a dose-escalation, dose-finding cohort, and dose-expansion cohort. Between 6 to 15 patients are expected to be included in the escalation cohort. A total of 20 eligible and evaluable patients will be included in the expansion cohort to further assess toxicity and evaluate preliminary efficacy.

Each treatment cycle lasts 28 days (4 weeks), during which time you will be taking the study drug, sunitinib, for the first 3 days of the week, followed by the study drug, regorafenib, for the last 4 days of the week. The study drugs will be taken continuously for 4 weeks each cycle, unless the study team instructs you otherwise. Each participant will receive a study diary. The diary will also include special instructions for taking the study drugs.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 35 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Non-randomized, Open-label Phase Ib Study of SUnitinib Alternating With REgorafenib in Patients With Metastatic and/or Unresectable Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) Progressing After Prior Therapy With Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
Study Start Date : July 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sunitinib alternated with Regorafenib
The treatment cycle is defined as 28 days. Treatment consists of 3 days of once daily sunitinib alternating with 4 days of once daily regorafenib throughout each cycle. The starting dose level is sunitinib 37.5 mg/d and regorafenib 120 mg/d, and doses will be escalated in subsequent cohorts following a classical 3+3 design up to sunitinib 50 mg/d and regorafenib 160 mg/d or until maximum tolerable dosage and recommended phase II dose is determined. An alternative scheme of 4-week cycles of the same regimen but with 21 days of dosing followed by 7 days of rest will be studied in case of toxicities during d 22-28 of the starting 4-weeks continuous cycles. Tumor assessments performed at baseline and after every two dosing cycles to assess response. Toxicity monitored throughout the study.
Drug: Sunitinib
Intervention Description: 3 days of once daily sunitinib alternating with 4 days of once daily regorafenib throughout each 28 day cycle. The starting dose level (level 1) is sunitinib 37.5 mg/d and regorafenib 120 mg/d, and doses will be escalated in subsequent cohorts following a classical 3+3 design up to sunitinib 50 mg/d and regorafenib 160 mg/d or until maximum tolerable dosage (MTD) and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) is determined. Number of Cycles: until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
Other Name: Sutent

Drug: Regorafenib
Intervention Description: 3 days of once daily sunitinib alternating with 4 days of once daily regorafenib throughout each 28 day cycle. The starting dose level (level 1) is sunitinib 37.5 mg/d and regorafenib 120 mg/d, and doses will be escalated in subsequent cohorts following a classical 3+3 design up to sunitinib 50 mg/d and regorafenib 160 mg/d or until maximum tolerable dosage (MTD) and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) is determined. Number of Cycles: until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
Other Name: Stivarga




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants with Serious and Non-Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to Day 28 ]
    Dose-escalation cohort is to determine the frequency and characteristics of DLTs of alternation of sunitinib and regorafenib at each dose level during the first cycle of therapy. Toxicity will be graded accordingly with NCI CTCAE version 4.0


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants with Clinical Benefit Rate of at least 30% [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    With 20 patients in the expansion cohort, the two-sided 90% exact binomial confidence interval on the CBR will be no wider than ± 20% with a 2-sided 90% confidence interval.

  2. Median progression free survival (mPFS) [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Non-parametric Kaplan-Meier analysis to assess median progression free survival (mPFS)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • At least 18 years of age at the time of study entry.
  • Histologically confirmed metastatic and/or unresectable GIST. Patients must demonstrate prior failure to at least imatinib, sunitinib and regorafenib (4th line and beyond). Any number of previous therapies for GIST is allowed.
  • Measurable disease per modified RECIST 1.1. A lesion in a previously irradiated area is ineligible to be considered as measurable disease unless there is objective evidence of progression of the lesion prior to study enrollment.
  • ECOG performance status 0 or 1 (see Appendix A).
  • Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as outlined in the protocol.
  • Patients must be able to swallow oral medication.
  • Willingness to use effective means of birth control throughout the duration of clinical study and for at least 3 months after completion of study drug.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test performed within 7 days of the start of study drug administration.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of any approved tyrosine kinase inhibitors or investigational agents within 2 weeks or 6 half-lives of the agent, whichever is shorter, prior to receiving study drugs.
  • Patients with intolerance to sunitinib and/or regorafenib.
  • Participants who have had radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Major surgery, or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Presence of symptomatic or uncontrolled brain or central nervous system metastases.
  • Known or suspected allergy to the investigational agent or any agent given in association with this trial.
  • Individuals with a history of a different malignancy, other than cervical cancer in situ, basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, are ineligible, except if they have been disease-free for at least 5 years, and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy OR other primary malignancy is neither currently clinically significant nor requiring active intervention.
  • Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias and/or patients who require anti-arrhythmic therapy (excluding beta blockers or digoxin). Patients with controlled atrial fibrillation are not excluded.
  • History of clinically significant cardiac disease or congestive heart failure > NYHA class 2 (See Appendix C). Patients must not have unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new-onset angina within the last 3 months or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
  • Hypertension as defined by systolic blood pressure >140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmH despite optimal medical management.
  • Arterial or venous thrombotic or embolic events such as cerebrovascular accident (including transient ischemic attacks), deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within the 6 months before start of study medication (except for adequately treated catheter-related venous thrombosis occurring more than 1 month before the start of study medication).
  • Patients with evidence or history of any bleeding diathesis, irrespective of severity.
  • Ongoing infection ≥ Grade 2.
  • Patients with any seizure disorder requiring medication.
  • Non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  • Persistent proteinuria Grade 2 or higher measured by urine protein:creatinine ratio on a urine sample or during 24-hour assessment.
  • HIV-positive individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy.
  • Patients with active hepatitis B or C, or chronic hepatitis B or C requiring treatment with antiviral therapy.
  • Interstitial lung disease with ongoing signs and symptoms at the time of informed consent.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness.
  • Pregnant or lactating females.
  • Presence of any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol.
  • Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors within 28 days or 5 drug half-lives, whichever is longer, before start of study drug.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02164240


Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Bayer
Pfizer
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Suzanne George, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Responsible Party: Suzanne George, MD, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02164240     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 14-149
First Posted: June 16, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 5, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018

Keywords provided by Suzanne George, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Sunitinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors