Evaluation of Changes in Skin Carotenoid Scores in Medical Students Following Dietary Interventions
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Skin Carotenoid Scores (SCS) are a biomarker of overall antioxidant status. This study will use Raman Spectroscopy to examine the ability of increased dietary intake of fruits and vegetables to increase SCS in medical students. This will be an observational, non-invasive study examining skin carotenoid levels over time in individuals who have increased their intake by dietary adjustments. Thirty medical students meeting study inclusion criteria will be asked to increase their intake of high antioxidant fruits and vegetables to 4-6 cups per day over an eight week period of time. Students will self-select their fruits and vegetables from a given list and will receive supermarket gift cards to offset the cost of the increased food. Students will be asked to follow their usual diet for one week. Then increase their intake of high antioxidant fruit and vegetable to 4-6 cups per day for eight weeks. Then return to their usual diet for 2 weeks. SCS scores will be taken at baseline and week 1. At the beginning of week 2, students will be asked to increase fruit and vegetable intake to 4-6 cups per day. SCS will be measured every two weeks during the 8-week intervention phase. Students will return to their usual diet for 2 weeks and SCS will be measured at the end of that 2-week period.
Condition or disease
Other: Food-based intervention; increased fruits and vegetables
Medical students (any year) from Texas Tech School of Medicine
BMI between 20-29
Individuals suffering from a chronic disease such as diabetes, heart disease, or other metabolic disorder
Skin Carotenoid Scores (SCS) are a biomarker of overall antioxidant status. The purpose of this study is to measure changes in SCS in medical students when fruit and vegetable consumption is increased. SCS will measured using a Bio-photonic Scanner. This scanner non-invasively measures carotenoid levels in the skin using optical signals. By placing the palm of the hand in front of a low-energy blue light for less than two minutes, the scanner can determine the SCS.
Secondary Outcome Measures :
Body weight [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2,4,6,8,10,12 weeks ]
Weight will be measured on a calibrated balance scale. Subjects will remove shoes, keys, cellphones, or other objects from their person before being weighed.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 89 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Medical students from Texas Tech University School of Medicine.
Medical student from any year at Texas Tech University School of Medicine willing to maintain the increased consumption of fruits and vegetables for the entire eight-week experimental period, to maintain logs and to report at each of the times that measurements will be taken.
BMI =/> 30
Chronic disease such as diabetes, heart disease, or metabolic disorder