Initial Efficacy Study of Supporting Play, Exploration, & Early Development Intervention (SPEEDI)
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02153736|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 3, 2014
Results First Posted : September 18, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 29, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Infant, Premature, Diseases Brain White Matter Disease Periventricular||Behavioral: SPEEDI Intervention||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||14 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Initial Efficacy Study of Supporting Play, Exploration, & Early Development Intervention (SPEEDI) - Phase 1 Clinical Trial|
|Study Start Date :||April 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||October 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||October 2016|
No Intervention: Usual Care Group
This group of subjects will receive usual care provided in the medial system and community.
Experimental: SPEEDI Intervention
This group will receive and parent and physical therapy provided intervention to increase the infants opportunities for play which will enhance development.
Behavioral: SPEEDI Intervention
Behavioral intervention provided through a collaboration between the mother of enrolled subjects and a physical therapist. Intervention starts in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and continues after discharge. SPEEDI includes both parent education and developmental activities.
- Reaching (Toy Contact Duration) [ Time Frame: 1 month post intervention ]Duration the infant is in contact with the target is used to quantify changes in reaching.
- Early Problem Solving Indicator (EPSI) [ Time Frame: End of intervention, 1 and 3 months post intervention ]Problem-solving behaviors were assessed using the Early Problem Solving Indicator (EPSI). The EPSI is the cognitive subtest of the Individual Growth and Development Indicators designed to measure infant and toddler play-based problem-solving through 36 months of age. It defines problem-solving as consisting of visual exploration, object manipulation and memory. The infant was video-recorded interacting with 3 standard toys: pop-up animals toy, 6 seriated, plastic cups, and a gum ball machine with 5 balls. Infants were given each toy for 2 minutes. The frequency of 4 mutually exclusive behaviors (look, explore, function, solution) were coded using definitions from the EPSI protocol. time. The total number of problem solving behaviors was calculated as a sum of look, explore, function, and solution for each infant at each visit and reported as the total EPSI frequency with a higher frequency reflecting more problem solving behaviors.
- Early Feeding Skill Assessment (FES) [ Time Frame: Baseline, End phase 1, End of intervention, 1 and 3 months post intervention ]The Early Feeding Skills (EFS) was used to assess the infant's oral feeding skills during the video recorded feeding described above. The EFS is a 26-item observational tool that can be used from the start of oral feeding through the maturation of feeding skills. Each item can score 1-3 with one representing the least skill or high frequency of problem (an area of clinical concern), and three representing mature skill or absence of problem (area of strength). Subscales included were ability to maintain engagement in feeding, ability to organize oral-motor functioning, ability to coordinate swallowing, and ability to maintain physiological stability. The sum of all the items in a subscale divided by the number of items in the subscale gives the subscale score of 1-3. The sum of all subscales was used to create an EFS total score which could range from 2 to 12 with a higher score reflecting a better feeding performance.
- Parent Child Early Relational Assessment (PCERA) [ Time Frame: Baseline, End phase 1, End of intervention, 1 month post intervention ]The Parent-Child Early Relational Assessment (PCERA; Clark, 2010; Clark, 1999) was designed to assess mother-infant interaction. In this study PCERA was scored from a video of the feeding interaction. The PCERA is a 65-item observational rating scale (29 parental, 27 infant, and 8 dyadic), designed to assess the amount, duration, and intensity of interaction. Each item was rated on a 3-point ordinal scale with 1-2 indicating an area of concern, 3 indicating an area for some concern and 4- 5 indicating an area of strength. Eight subscales constructed from items of the PCERA have been theoretically derived and confirmed by factor analysis (Clark, 1999; Clark et al., 1997). For ease of analysis this scale was transformed to a -1 to +1 range. Scores were recorded as 1 or 2 = -1, 3= 0, 4 or 5 = 1. The total PCERA score is the mean of all the subscale mean scores and ranged -1 (highest risk of atypical interactions) to +1 (most positive interactions).
- Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (Bayley). [ Time Frame: 3 month post intervention ]The Bayley-III is a norm references standardized developmental assessment of Motor, Cognitive, and Language skills. Composite scores for each domain have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. A score of 85-115 is considered average. Higher composite scores represent higher or better performance on that subtest. The Bayley was administered at the final follow-up visit and 3 months after the intervention ended.
- Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) [ Time Frame: Baseline to End of intervention ]The TIMP is a standardized and norm references test of motor control and posture in infants 4 months of age and younger which is commonly used with infants starting at 34 weeks of post-menstrual age. Change in raw score from baseline to end of the intervention is reported. The TIMP raw score ranges from 0 to 142. A higher score represented greater performance in motor control and posture.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02153736
|United States, Virginia|
|Virginia Commonwealth University|
|Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298|
|Principal Investigator:||Stacey C Dusing, PhD PT||Virginia Commonwealth University|