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L-tetrahydropalmatine (l-THP) Treatment for Cocaine Use Disorder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02139761
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Study funding has not been established)
First Posted : May 15, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Deanna Kelly, University of Maryland, Baltimore

Brief Summary:

Cocaine continues to be one of the most widely used substances of abuse around the world. In the US, an estimated 1.4 million individuals (0.5%) > 12 years were current (past month) cocaine users in 2011. Currently, no FDA-approved pharmacologic treatments are available for cocaine addiction; thus, this remains a serious public health problem without an effective pharmacological treatment. A promising lead towards an effective treatment comes from a recent finding that pretreatment with oral l-tetrahydropalmitine (l-THP) in rats attenuated the cocaine seeking associated with a cocaine challenge, while having no motor effects. This finding stimulated our group to test the pharmacokinetics and safety of l-THP in a phase I study of people with cocaine use. Preliminary findings show l-THP is safe and well tolerated in cocaine users, with no adverse interactions with cocaine.

This study will test the efficacy and safety of l-THP for abstinence in those with cocaine addiction in a phase II pilot study (N=24). Secondarily, we will examine the effects of these medications on craving.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cocaine Use Drug: l-tetrahydropalmatine (l-THP) Drug: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: L-tetrahydropalmatine (l-THP) Treatment for Cocaine Use Disorder
Study Start Date : September 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: l-tetrahydropalmatine (l-THP)
Subjects will be dosed 30 mg BID (2 capsules total a day, total of 60mg/day), matching placebo or l-THP) (total 60 mg daily). The half-life of l-THP is about 10 hours, so subjects will reach steady state in about 2-3 days. The l-THP will be prepared at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy to Chemistry under Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) and standards. The identical placebo and active capsules will be manufactured and sent to the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center Pharmacy, where they will be stored, randomized and dispensed. Medication will be transported by the study staff to the participant once dispensing occurs.
Drug: l-tetrahydropalmatine (l-THP)
Subjects will be dosed 30 mg BID (2 capsules total a day, total of 60mg/day), matching placebo or l-THP) (total 60 mg daily). The half-life of l-THP is about 10 hours, so subjects will reach steady state in about 2-3 days. The l-THP will be prepared at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy to Chemistry under Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) and standards. The identical placebo and active capsules will be manufactured and sent to the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center Pharmacy, where they will be stored, randomized and dispensed. Medication will be transported by the study staff to the participant once dispensing occurs.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Subjects will be dosed 30 mg BID (2 capsules total a day, total of 60mg/day), matching placebo or l-THP) (total 60 mg daily). The half-life of l-THP is about 10 hours, so subjects will reach steady state in about 2-3 days. The l-THP will be prepared at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy to Chemistry under Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) and standards. The identical placebo and active capsules will be manufactured and sent to the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center Pharmacy, where they will be stored, randomized and dispensed. Medication will be transported by the study staff to the participant once dispensing occurs.
Drug: Placebo
Subjects will be dosed 30 mg BID (2 capsules total a day, total of 60mg/day), matching placebo or l-THP) (total 60 mg daily). The half-life of l-THP is about 10 hours, so subjects will reach steady state in about 2-3 days. The l-THP will be prepared at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy to Chemistry under Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) and standards. The identical placebo and active capsules will be manufactured and sent to the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center Pharmacy, where they will be stored, randomized and dispensed. Medication will be transported by the study staff to the participant once dispensing occurs.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. We will assess abstinence to cocaine as the outcome [ Time Frame: 8 Weeks ]
    We will measure cocaine and its metabolite by urine drug test to assess for abstinence.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • men or non-pregnant/non-nursing women between the ages of 18 and 50 years
  • meeting criteria for DSM-5 cocaine use disorder
  • self-reported cocaine use (intranasal, IV or smoked) averaging at least weekly for the prior six months positive urine drug test for cocaine in the prior month
  • HIV seronegative
  • EKG without clinically significant abnormality
  • normal blood pressure (systolic: 90-140 mmHg; diastolic: 50-90 mmHg) and resting heart rate (60-90 bpm)
  • ability to adhere to the study restrictions and examination schedule
  • women with reproductive potential must agree to the use of one of the following birth control methods (oral contraceptives, condom with spermicide, diaphragm, or intrauterine device) during the study and for 2 weeks after last medication dose.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • participation in any investigational drug trial or clinical drug trial within 45 days before study entry
  • history of clinically significant adverse reaction or hypersensitivity to cocaine or l-THP
  • inability to communicate or co-operate with the investigators
  • currently taking any prescribed psychoactive medication, e.g., anti- depressant, anti-psychotic, or mood stabilizer
  • current clinically significant medical problem that might interfere with safe study participation. This includes pheochromocytoma, untreated hyperthyroidism, dehydration, fever, coronary artery disease, uncorrected congenital heart defect, seizures, electrolyte imbalance, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, porphyria variegate, superventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, cardiomyopathy, or uncontrolled hypertension.
  • current Axis I Major Depression, Schizophrenia, or Bipolar Disorder.
  • score below 10/12 on the Evaluation to Sign Consent (ESC)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02139761


Locations
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United States, Maryland
Maryland Psychiatric Research Center
Catonsville, Maryland, United States, 21228
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Maryland, Baltimore
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Deanna L Kelly, Pharm.D, BCPP University of Maryland, Baltimore
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Responsible Party: Deanna Kelly, Deanna L. Kelly Pharm.D., BCPP, University of Maryland, Baltimore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02139761    
Other Study ID Numbers: HP-00059193
First Posted: May 15, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 4, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Keywords provided by Deanna Kelly, University of Maryland, Baltimore:
Cocaine
Treatment
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tetrahydropalmatine
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Antihypertensive Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Dopamine Antagonists
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Adrenergic Agents
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents