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A Phase 3a, Repeat Dose, Open-label, Long-term Safety Study of Mepolizumab in Asthmatic Subjects

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02135692
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 12, 2014
Results First Posted : May 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:
This is a multi-center, open-label, long-term study of subcutaneously (SC) administered mepolizumab 100mg in addition to standard of care (SOC), in subjects with severe eosinophilic asthma. This study will enroll a subset of subjects from Study MEA115661 who have demonstrated clear benefit from therapy and who without continuation of mepolizumab therapy are individuals at greatest risk of serious deterioration of their health status. In order to target individuals at greatest risk for serious deterioration of their health status, only subjects from the MEA115661 study with a history of life-threatening or seriously debilitating asthma, will be allowed to participate. Subjects meeting all of the eligibility criteria for the study will be offered the opportunity to consent for this study of up to 128 weeks in length (including the Follow-Up Visit). This study will give opportunity to extend the collection of clinical data for long-term use and further assess the sustainability of efficacy in a population likely to experience significant loss of asthma control and the need for higher doses of systemic steroids if returned to SOC only.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Asthma Biological: Mepolizumab Drug: SOC Phase 3

Expanded Access : An investigational treatment associated with this study is no longer available outside the clinical trial.   More info ...

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 339 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-Centre, Open-Label, Study of Mepolizumab in a Subset of Subjects With a History of Life Threatening/Seriously Debilitating Asthma Who Participated in the MEA115661 Trial
Actual Study Start Date : May 29, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 5, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : October 5, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma
Drug Information available for: Mepolizumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Mepolizumab 100 mg
All subjects will receive mepolizumab 100mg administered SC into the upper arm or thigh approximately every 4 weeks.
Biological: Mepolizumab
Mepolizumab is a fully humanised IgG antibody (IgG1, kappa) with human heavy and light chain frameworks. Mepolizumab will be supplied as a lyophilised cake in sterile vials for individual use.

Drug: SOC
Standard of Care (SOC) will differ by participant, however it will generally include oral corticosteroids and an inhaled controller medicine (an inhaled corticosteroid plus a long acting beta agonist) and/or short acting beta agonists




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Annualized Rate of On-treatment Exacerbations Per Year [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 172 ]
    Exacerbations are defined as the worsening of asthma which requires use of systemic corticosteroids intravenous (IV) or oral steroid like prednisone, for at least 3 days or a single intramuscular (IM) corticosteroid (CS) dose is required. For maintenance systemic corticosteroids, at least double the existing maintenance dose for at least 3 days was required) and/or hospitalization and/or emergency department (ED) visit. On-Treatment data between first dose date and earliest of Withdrawal date/last dose + 28 days was considered for analysis. Analysis of the number of exacerbations was performed using a negative binomial generalized linear model.

  2. Number of Participants With Any On-treatment Adverse Event (AE) or On-treatment Serious AE (SAE) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 172 ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant or clinical investigation participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. Any untoward event resulting in death, life threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in disability/incapacity, congenital anomaly/birth defect, any other situation according to medical or scientific judgment that may not be immediately life-threatening or result in death or hospitalization but may jeopardize the participant or may require medical or surgical intervention or event associated with liver injury and impaired liver function were categorized as SAE. On-treatment AEs and on-treatment SAEs are the events occurring on/after the first dose of open-label mepolizumab date and before/on last dose+28 days.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Change From Baseline in Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ)-5 On-treatment Score [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 168 ]
    The ACQ-5 is a five-item questionnaire developed as a measure of participants asthma control. The five questions enquire about the frequency and/or severity of symptoms (nocturnal awakening on waking in the morning, activity limitation, shortness of breath, wheeze). The response options for all these questions consist of a 0 (no impairment/limitation) to 6 (total impairment/ limitation) scale. The overall ACQ score is calculated as the mean of the 5 questions and therefore ranges between 0 (totally controlled) and 6 (severely uncontrolled). Baseline was considered as the latest assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab in this study. The change from Baseline is defined as the difference between the value of the endpoint at the time point of interest and Baseline value.

  2. Mean Change From Baseline in On-treatment Clinic Pre-bronchodilator FEV1 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 168 ]
    FEV1 is defined as the volume of air forcefully expelled from the lungs in 1 second. Pre-bronchodilator FEV1 measurements were taken by spirometry at Baseline and Weeks 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144 and 168. Spirometry was performed within 1 hour of the Baseline assessment. Baseline was considered as the latest assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab in this study. The change from Baseline is defined as the difference between the value of the endpoint at the time point of interest and Baseline value. Only those participants with data available at the specified time points were analyzed (represented by n=X in the category titles). Data between first dose date and earliest of Withdrawal date/last dose + 28 days considered on-treatment.

  3. Number of Participants Withdrawn From the Study Due to Lack of Efficacy and Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 172 ]
    AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant or clinical investigation participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease (new or exacerbated) temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product. Number of participants withdrawn due to lack of efficacy and adverse events from the study have been presented.

  4. Number of Participants Hospitalized Due to Adverse Events Including Asthma Exacerbations [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 172 ]
    AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant or clinical investigation participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. SAE is any untoward medical occurrence that, at any dose results in death, is life-threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in disability/incapacity, or is a congenital anomaly/birth defect or is medically significant or all events of possible drug induced liver injury with hyperbilirubinemia. Number of participants requiring hospitalization due to an on-treatment serious adverse event including asthma exacerbations are presented. On-treatment SAEs are the events occurring on/after the first dose of mepolizumab date and before/on last dose of mepolizumab + 28 days.

  5. Number of Participants With AEs Including Both Systemic (Allergic and Non-allergic) and Local Site Reactions [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 172 ]
    AEs were collected from the Baseline visit until the follow-up visit (Week 172). Participants were monitored to evaluate the AEs of systemic and local site reaction. AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant or clinical investigation participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. On treatment AEs were defined as events occurring from the first dose until 28 days after the last dose of mepolizumab. Number of participants with AEs including both systemic (i.e. allergic/immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated and non-allergic) and local site reactions have been presented.

  6. Mean Change From Baseline in QT Interval Corrected by Bazett's Method (QTcB) and QT Interval Corrected by Fridericia's Method (QTcF) Values for 12-lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 172 ]
    Twelve-lead ECG measurements were recorded after the participant has rested in the supine position for 5 minutes. The ECG was obtained before lung function testing followed by other study procedures. Baseline was considered as the latest assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab in this study. The change from Baseline is defined as the difference between the value of the endpoint at the time point of interest and Baseline value. Only those participants with data available at the specified time points were analyzed (represented by n=X in the category titles)..

  7. Number of Participants With Maximum Change From Baseline in QTcB and QTcF Interval for ECG Assessed at Any Time Post Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 172 ]
    Twelve-lead ECG measurements were recorded after the participant has rested in the supine position for 5 minutes. The ECG was obtained before lung function testing followed by other study procedures. Baseline was considered as the latest assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab in this study. The change from Baseline is defined as the difference between the value of the endpoint at the time point of interest and Baseline value. Participants with maximum change from Baseline were summarised at any time post Baseline for the following categories <-60, >=-60 to <-30, >=-30 to <0, >=0 to <30, >=30 to <60 and >=60. QTc intervals shown at any time post Baseline are the maximum seen in each participant over the course of the trial.

  8. Change From Baseline in Systolic Blood Pressure and Diastolic Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 168 ]
    Vital sign measurements including systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were done pre-injection with the participants sitting, having rested in this position for at least 5 minutes before each reading. They were taken before measurement of any clinic lung function tests or ECGs at the specified time point. Baseline was considered as the latest assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab in this study. The change from Baseline is defined as the difference between the value of the endpoint at the time point of interest and Baseline value.

  9. Change From Baseline in Pulse Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 168 ]
    Vital sign measurements including pulse rate was done pre-injection with the participants sitting, having rested in this position for at least 5 minutes before each reading. They were taken before measurement of any clinic lung function tests or ECGs at the specified time point. Baseline was considered as the latest assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab in this study. The change from Baseline is defined as the difference between the value of the endpoint at the time point of interest and Baseline value.

  10. Number of Participants With Positive Anti-mepolizumab Binding Antibodies (ADA) and Neutralizing Antibodies (NAb) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 172 ]
    Blood samples were collected for the determination of ADA just prior to administration of mepolizumab. Samples that tested positive for anti-mepolizumab antibodies were further tested for the presence of NAb. The highest value post-Baseline visit are based on each participant's highest post-Baseline titer. NAb assay result was only presented for participants with positive ADA assay. Highest value post-Baseline would be positive for a participant who had both negative and positive post-Baseline results. Only those participants with data available at the specified time points were analyzed (represented by n=X in the category titles).

  11. Number of Participants With Potential Clinical Importance Values for Change From Baseline Relative to the Reference Range for Clinical Chemistry Parameters at Any Time Post-Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 172 ]
    Blood samples were collected to assess clinical chemistry laboratory parameters. Number of participants with Potential Clinical Importance values for change from Baseline relative to the reference range at any time post-Baseline are presented. Any time post Baseline = all visits (including scheduled and unscheduled) post-Baseline. Participants are counted in the category that their value changes to (low, normal or high), unless there was no change in their category. If lab value category was unchanged, participants were recorded in the "To Normal or No Change" category. Alanine Aminotransferase=ALT. Only those participants with data available at the specified time points were analyzed (represented by n=X in the category titles).

  12. Number of Participants With Potential Clinical Importance Values for Change From Baseline Relative to the Reference Range for Hematology Parameters at Any Time Post-Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 172 ]
    Blood samples were collected to assess hematology laboratory parameters. Number of participants with Potential Clinical Importance values for change from Baseline relative to the reference range at any time post-Baseline are presented. Any time post Baseline = all visits (including scheduled and unscheduled) post-Baseline. Participants are counted in the category that their value changes to (low, normal or high), unless there was no change in their category. If lab value category was unchanged, participants were recorded in the "To Normal or No Change" category.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Informed Consent: Prior to commencing any study related activities, subjects must be able and willing to provide written informed consent.
  • Male or Eligible Female Subjects: To be eligible for the study, females of child-bearing potential must commit to consistent and correct use of an acceptable method of birth control and for 4 months after the last study drug administration. A urine pregnancy test is required of all females of childbearing potential at the initial Baseline Visit (Visit 1).
  • French Subjects Only: In France, a subject will be eligible for inclusion in this study only if either affiliated to or a beneficiary of a social security category.
  • MEA115661 Participation: Subjects must have completed Visit 14 of MEA115661.
  • Current Anti-Asthma Therapy: The subject's asthma has been treated with an ICS controller medication for the last 8 months with fluticasone propionate (FP) >=500 mcg/day (or equivalent).
  • Disease Severity: Subjects must be assessed as having life-threatening /serious debilitating asthma in order to enroll, as defined by the following: Subjects enrolled in MEA115588 must meet one of the following criteria: a) Subject has a history of at least one intubation during their lifetime; b) >=3 asthma exacerbations in the 12 months prior to screening for MEA115588; c) >=1 or more hospitalization for asthma exacerbation in the 12 months prior to screening for MEA115588. Subjects enrolled in MEA115575 must meet one of the following criteria: d) Subject has a history of at least one intubation during their lifetime; e) Their optimized dose at randomization in MEA115575 was >=10mg of prednisone; f) >=1 or more hospitalization for asthma exacerbation in the 12 months prior to screening for MEA115575.
  • Clinical Benefit: Subjects must have experienced documented clinical benefit to enroll. Subjects must meet the following criteria demonstrating clinical benefit: Subjects enrolled in MEA115588 who received mepolizumab must meet all of the following criteria: a) Subject must have had a reduction in their exacerbation frequency by >=50% during MEA115588. The baseline for comparison is the total number of exacerbations reported in the 12 months prior to screening for MEA115588. b) The investigator response on the "Clinician-Rated Response to Therapy" questionnaire at Visit 10 was either: mildly improved, moderately improved or significantly improved. Subjects enrolled in MEA115588 who received placebo must meet all of the following criteria: c) Subject must have had a reduction in their exacerbation frequency by >=50% during the first 8 months of MEA115661. The baseline for comparison is the total number of exacerbations reported in the 12 months prior to screening for MEA115588; d) The investigator confirms that the subject demonstrated improvement during MEA115661. Subjects enrolled in MEA115575 who received mepolizumab must meet all of the following criteria: e) Subject must have reduced their oral corticosteroid dose by >=50% during MEA115575. The baseline for comparison is the subject's optimized oral corticosteroid (OCS) dose at randomization in MEA115575; f) The investigator response on the "Clinician-Rated Response to Therapy" questionnaire at Visit 9 was either: mildly improved, moderately improved or significantly improved. Subjects enrolled in MEA115575 who received placebo must meet all of the following criteria: g) Subject must have reduced their oral corticosteroid dose at randomization by >=50% in the first 6 months of MEA115661. The baseline for comparison is the subject's optimized OCS dose at randomization in MEA115575; h) The investigator confirms that the subject demonstrated improvement during MEA115661.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Health Status: Clinically significant change in health status during MEA115661 which in the opinion of the investigator would make the subject unsuitable for participation in this long-term study.
  • Pregnancy: Subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Subjects should not be enrolled if they plan to become pregnanDeart during the time of study participation.
  • Exacerbation History: Subjects who received placebo in MEA115588 and had NO exacerbations during the study.
  • Oral Corticosteroid Use: Subjects who received placebo in MEA115575 and were able to discontinue oral corticosteroid therapy by the end of the study.
  • Smoking Status: Current smokers
  • Previous Significant Protocol Deviation: Subjects who were excluded from the per protocol analysis due to significant protocol deviations in either study MEA115575 or MEA115588.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) Assessment: A clinically significant ECG abnormality at the exit visit of MEA115661, as determined by the investigator.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02135692


Locations
Show Show 114 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
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Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 6, 2015
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] October 25, 2017

Publications:
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Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02135692    
Other Study ID Numbers: 201312
2014-000314-54 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: May 12, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 2, 2018
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: IPD for this study will be made available via the Clinical Study Data Request site.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: IPD is available via the Clinical Study Data Request site (click on the link provided below)
Access Criteria: Access is provided after a research proposal is submitted and has received approval from the Independent Review Panel and after a Data Sharing Agreement is in place. Access is provided for an initial period of 12 months but an extension can be granted, when justified, for up to another 12 months.
URL: https://clinicalstudydatarequest.com/Posting.aspx?ID=20059

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Severe eosinophilic asthma
Extension study
Expanded access
Safety
Mepolizumab
Eosinophils
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Asthma
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases