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Palliative Thoracic Radiotherapy Plus BKM120 (BKM120)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02128724
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 1, 2014
Results First Posted : August 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Cancer Research UK
Novartis
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Oxford

Brief Summary:
This study will test whether a drug called BKM120/buparlisib is a safe and effective treatment when given to lung cancer patients having radiotherapy treatment. The trial will identify which of three possible doses of buparlisib is best to give with lung radiotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Drug: BKM120 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This study will be a single-centre, open-label, 3+3 cohort, dose escalation phase I study of the use of buparlisib in combination with thoracic radiotherapy. Patients with incurable NSCLC requiring palliative thoracic radiotherapy will be eligible for entry.

The first three cohorts of patients will be treated with escalating doses of BKM120. These patients will be treated with buparlisib for a total of fourteen days. One week after commencing buparlisib, patients will start palliative radiotherapy treatment. Radiotherapy treatment will be delivered as 20Gy in 5 fractions over a one week period. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) will be determined and a further 6 patients will be treated at this dose. Response to buparlisib treatment will be based upon changes in tumour hypoxia and perfusion as detected by 18F-Miso PET-CT scans and perfusion CT scans respectively.

In the event that no changes are detected in tumour hypoxia or perfusion in cohorts 1-3, an optional group of patients (cohort 4) will be recruited. These patients will receive buparlisib treatment for a total of 28 days. Three weeks after commencing buparlisib, this cohort will receive palliative radiotherapy with 20Gy in 5 fractions over a one week period.

Samples from the patients will also be analysed:

Phosphorylation Status of Akt in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) Tumour Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) gene levels Tumour PRAS40 Levels


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A CR-UK Phase I Study of BKM120 in Patients With Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Receiving Thoracic Radiotherapy
Study Start Date : April 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 17, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : October 17, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: BKM120 plus radiotherapy
Three cohorts of patients will be treated with escalating doses of oral buparlisib. The doses will be 50mg, 80mg and 100mg, once daily. Patients will be treated with buparlisib for a total of fourteen days. One week after commencing buparlisib, patients will start palliative radiotherapy treatment. Radiotherapy treatment will be delivered as 20Gy in 5 fractions over a one week period. There will be an expansion cohort at the MTD. Patients in an optional fourth cohort will take buparlisib for 4 weeks at the MTD.
Drug: BKM120
Buparlisib is a highly specific inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). Buparlisib is supplied as 10mg and 50mg hard gelatin capsules.
Other Name: buparlisib




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose Escalation Analysis: Number of DLTs Observed in Evaluable Patients [ Time Frame: 8 weeks (10 weeks cohort 4 - this cohort was not opened) ]

    The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was defined as the highest dose at which no more than 1 of 6 evaluable patients or 0 of 3 evaluable patients experience a dose limiting toxicity (DLT). The study was carried out using a 3+3 dose escalation design.

    DLTs were defined per NCI CTCAE v 4.0. The following were considered DLT if they occur at any point whilst the patient is on study: 1) Any ≥ grade 3 non-haematological toxicity (excluding nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea) that requires hospital admission or which does not resolve to ≤ grade 2 within 7 consecutive days of optimal treatment. 2) Any ≥ grade 3 nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea will be considered DLT only if any of them persist for >48 hours despite maximum supportive care. 3) ≥ Grade 3 pneumonitis 4) Any ≥ Grade 4 haematological toxicity. 5) Mood deterioration from baseline. DLT will be any grade ≥3 mood change if BL score of 2. DLT will be any grade ≥2 mood change if baseline score of ≤ 1.


  2. Safety and Tolerability Analysis: Patients With Buparlisib Related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 8 weeks (10 weeks cohort 4 - this cohort was not opened) ]
    Adverse events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) were also analysed for frequency. For further details, please consult the AEs/SAEs section.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in 18F-Misonidazole Uptake as Detected by PET-CT Scans: Response [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]
    18F-Miso is a radiotracer that selectively accumulates in hypoxic tissues. 18F-Miso PET-CT scans are able to non-invasively image tumour hypoxia. A 18F-Miso PET-CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment to identify changes in tumour hypoxia due to buparlisib treatment. For tumour hypoxia, a patient is classified as a 'responder' if there is evidence of a 10% or greater reduction in retained F-Misonidazole. Hypoxia was measured using TBRmean or TBRvolume (tumour-to-blood ratio).

  2. Blood Flow at Days -1 and 8 as Detected by Perfusion CT [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]
    Perfusion CT is a technique used to study the vasculature within tumours and other tissues. It is non-invasive and readily incorporated into existing CT protocols using conventional contrast agents. A perfusion CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment to identify changes in tumour physiology due to buparlisib treatment.

  3. Tumour-to-blood Volume Ratio in 18F-Misonidazole Uptake as Detected by Day -1 and Day 8 PET-CT Scans, to Investigate if Buparlisib Alters Hypoxia [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]

    18F-Miso is a radiotracer that selectively accumulates in hypoxic tissues. 18F-Miso PET-CT scans are able to non-invasively image tumour hypoxia. A 18F-Miso PET-CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment.

    Tumour to blood volume ratio ("TBR volume") is measured by summing the number of tumour/node/metastases voxels with a value greater than or equal to 1.4.


  4. Changes in Blood Flow as Detected by Perfusion CT: Response [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]
    Perfusion CT is a technique used to study the vasculature within tumours and other tissues. It is non-invasive and readily incorporated into existing CT protocols using conventional contrast agents. A perfusion CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment to identify changes in tumour physiology due to buparlisib treatment. For tumour perfusion, a patient is classified as 'responder' if blood flow (BF) and/or blood volume (BV) is increased and/or mean transit time (MTT) is reduced from baseline measurements by more than 25%.

  5. Percentage Change in Blood Flow as Detected by Perfusion CT at Days -1 and 8 [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]
    Perfusion CT is a technique used to study the vasculature within tumours and other tissues. It is non-invasive and readily incorporated into existing CT protocols using conventional contrast agents. A perfusion CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment to identify changes in tumour physiology (blood flow) due to buparlisib treatment, and the percentage change between both scans calculated.

  6. Tumour-to-blood Mean Ratio in 18F-Misonidazole Uptake as Detected by PET-CT Scans, to Investigate if Buparlisib Alters Hypoxia [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]

    18F-Miso is a radiotracer that selectively accumulates in hypoxic tissues. 18F-Miso PET-CT scans are able to non-invasively image tumour hypoxia. A 18F-Miso PET-CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment to identify changes in tumour hypoxia due to buparlisib treatment.

    Hypoxia was measured using TBRmean and TBRvolume (tumour-to-blood ratio mean, tumour-to-blood ratio volume).

    TBR mean is measured by dividing all tumour/node/metastases voxels by the mean value of the descending aorta activity concentration.


  7. Tumour-to-blood Volume Ratio Percentage Changes Between Day -1 and Day 8 in 18F-Misonidazole Uptake as Detected by PET-CT Scans, to Investigate if Buparlisib Alters Hypoxia [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]

    18F-Miso is a radiotracer that selectively accumulates in hypoxic tissues. 18F-Miso PET-CT scans are able to non-invasively image tumour hypoxia. A 18F-Miso PET-CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment to identify changes in tumour hypoxia due to buparlisib treatment. The percentage change between the TBR volume for the 1st and 2nd scans was calculated.

    TBR volume is measured by summing the number of tumour/node/metastases voxels with a value greater than or equal to 1.4.

    Hypoxia was measured using TBRmean and TBRvolume (tumour-to-blood ratio mean, tumour-to-blood ratio volume).


  8. Percentage Changes in Blood Volume Between Day -1 and Day 8 as Detected by Perfusion CT [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]
    Perfusion CT is a technique used to study the vasculature within tumours and other tissues. It is non-invasive and readily incorporated into existing CT protocols using conventional contrast agents. A perfusion CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment to identify changes in tumour physiology due to buparlisib treatment, and the % change between the 2 scans calculated.

  9. Blood Volume at Day -1 and Day 8 as Detected by Perfusion CT [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]
    Perfusion CT is a technique used to study the vasculature within tumours and other tissues. It is non-invasive and readily incorporated into existing CT protocols using conventional contrast agents. A perfusion CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment to identify changes in tumour physiology due to buparlisib treatment

  10. Mean Transit Time as Detected by Perfusion CT at Days -1 and 8 [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]
    Perfusion CT is a technique used to study the vasculature within tumours and other tissues. It is non-invasive and readily incorporated into existing CT protocols using conventional contrast agents. A perfusion CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment to identify changes in tumour physiology (blood flow) due to buparlisib treatment.

  11. Percentage Change in Mean Transit Time as Detected by Perfusion CT at Days -1 and 8 [ Time Frame: Days -1 and 8 ]
    Perfusion CT is a technique used to study the vasculature within tumours and other tissues. It is non-invasive and readily incorporated into existing CT protocols using conventional contrast agents. A perfusion CT scan was conducted prior to commencing buparlisib and repeated prior to commencing radiotherapy treatment to identify changes in tumour physiology (blood flow) due to buparlisib treatment, and the % change between the 2 scans was calculated.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Determine Phosphorylation Status of Akt in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) [ Time Frame: Baseline, days 8, 14, 28 and 56 ]

    The levels of phospho-Akt expression in normal tissues may reflect the efficacy of BKM120. Changes in phospho-Akt expression will be monitored during the trial using PBMCs taken during the trial.

    Reductions in phospho-Akt expression of PBMC's following BKM120 treatment were to be correlated with changes observed with the functional imaging investigations; however it was not possible to draw any meaningful conclusions due to huge inter- and intra- participant variability seen on staining (no scoring was performed).


  2. Measure Tumour PTEN (Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog Gene) Levels [ Time Frame: Archival sample taken before trial entry ]
    Exploratory studies aimed to correlate response to buparlisib with activation of specific molecular pathways present in the archived, diagnostic, tumour biopsy sample.

  3. Measure Tumour PRAS40 Levels [ Time Frame: Archival sample taken before trial entry ]
    Exploratory studies will aim to correlate response to BKM120 with activation of specific molecular pathways present in the archived, diagnostic, tumour biopsy sample.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of histologically confirmed NSCLC of any stage
  • Thoracic lesion requiring palliative radiotherapy and which has been identified on a scan within eight weeks of starting the trial.
  • Male or female, age ≥ 18 years at the day of consenting to the study.
  • Life expectancy of at least 16 weeks.
  • ECOG performance score of 0-2.
  • Patient is able to swallow and retain oral medication.
  • The patient is willing to provide written informed consent and is likely to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study, and scheduled follow-up visits and examinations.
  • Haematological and biochemical indices within the ranges shown below:

    • Haemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 9.0 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
    • Platelet count ≥100 x 109/L
    • International Normalised Ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5
    • Potassium, calcium and Magnesium within normal range
    • ALT and AST not above normal range or ≤3.0 times ULN if liver metastases are present
    • Total serum bilirubin not above normal range, or ≤1.5 times ULN if liver metastases are present or total bilirubin ≤3.0 times ULN if the patient has well documented Gilbert's disease and absence of other contributing disease process at the time of diagnosis
    • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≤ 120mg/dL [6.7 mmol/L]

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous chemotherapy or biological therapy within four weeks of starting study treatment.
  • Treatment with any other investigational agent, or participation in another interventional clinical trial within 28 days prior to enrolment.
  • Patient has not recovered to grade 1 or better (except alopecia) from related side effects of any prior antineoplastic therapy.
  • Treatment at the start of study treatment with any drugs known to be moderate or strong inhibitors or inducers of isoenzyme CYP3A4, and the treatment cannot be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting study drug.
  • Presence of active uncontrolled or symptomatic CNS metastases. Patients with asymptomatic CNS metastases may participate in this trial. Any prior local treatment for CNS metastases must have been completed treatment ≥ 28 days prior to enrolment in the trial (including surgery and radiotherapy).
  • Patient has poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (HbA1c > 8 %)
  • Previous exposure to PI3K, mTOR, or AKT inhibitor
  • Patient has a known hypersensitivity to any of the excipients of BKM120
  • Previous thoracic radiotherapy treatment
  • Any previous extra-thoracic radiotherapy within 28 days prior to enrolment
  • Medically documented history of or active major depressive episode, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, a history of suicidal attempt or ideation, or risk of doing harm to others
  • Patient meets the cut-off score of ≥ 12 in the PHQ-9 or a cut-off of ≥ 15 in the GAD-7 mood scale, respectively, or selects a positive response of '1, 2, or 3' to question number 9 regarding potential for suicidal thoughts ideation in the PHQ-9 (independent of the total score of the PHQ-9)
  • Patient has ≥CTCAE grade 3 anxiety
  • Other psychological, social or medical condition, physical examination finding or a laboratory abnormality that the Investigator considers would make the patient a poor trial candidate or could interfere with protocol compliance or the interpretation of trial results.
  • Patient has a concurrent malignancy or has had any malignancy (other than NSCLC) in the last 3 years prior to start of study treatment (with the exception of adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma or cervical carcinoma in situ)
  • Patient has had major surgery within 14 days of starting the study drug.
  • Patient has any other concurrent severe, and/or uncontrolled medical condition that would, in the investigator's judgement contraindicate patient participation in the clinical study (e.g. chronic pancreatitis, chronic active hepatitis).
  • Patient has impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of BKM120.
  • Patients who are known to be serologically positive for Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C or HIV.
  • Patient has active cardiac disease or a history of myocardial infarction within 6 months of entering the trial, congestive heart failure ( New York Heart Association functional classification III-IV) or documented cardiomyopathy
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding women, or women of childbearing potential unless effective methods of contraception are used. Oral contraception, injected or implanted hormonal methods are not allowed as BKM120 potentially decreases the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives. Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test less than 72 hours prior to initiating treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02128724


Locations
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United Kingdom
Churchill Hospital
Oxford, Oxon, United Kingdom, OX3 7LE
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Oxford
Cancer Research UK
Novartis
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Geoff Higgins, MRCP, FRCR, D.Phil University of Oxford
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by University of Oxford:
Study Protocol  [PDF] January 12, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] October 18, 2017


Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02128724     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: OCTO_031
2012-003762-40 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: May 1, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 1, 2019
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2019
Last Verified: November 2017

Keywords provided by University of Oxford:
Lung cancer
BKM120
Hypoxia
Misonidazole
Radiotherapy
Buparlisib

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases