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Trial record 17 of 104 for:    colon cancer | ( Map: Nebraska, United States )

Study of Ruxolitinib in Colorectal Cancer Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02119676
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Substudy 1 was terminated for futility at interim analysis and Substudy 2 was terminated per sponsor decision.)
First Posted : April 22, 2014
Results First Posted : June 14, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 13, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Incyte Corporation

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study was to determine if ruxolitinib, in combination with regorafenib, is safe and effective in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
CRC (Colorectal Cancer) Drug: Ruxolitinib Drug: Regorafenib Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The study consisted of an open-label, Part 1 safety run-in (consisting of 1 to 3 cohorts of 9 subjects each), to confirm the safety of the regorafenib/ruxolitinib combination in subjects with relapsed or refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). If determined to be tolerable, Part 2 was to proceed as a randomized, double-blind study evaluating ruxolitinib or placebo in combination with regorafenib in subjects with relapsed or refractory metastatic CRC previously treated with fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and/or irinotecan based chemotherapy, an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy and if Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) wild type an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapy.

Subjects in the safety run-in received open-label ruxolitinib and regorafenib; for the randomized, double-blind portion of the study all subjects received regorafenib and either ruxolitinib or placebo in a 1:1 blinded manner. Treatment for all subjects consisted of repeating 28-day cycles. Regorafenib was self-administered for the first 21 days of each cycle, and ruxolitinib/placebo was self-administered during the entire 28-day cycle. Treatment cycles continued as long as the regimen is tolerated, and the subject does not meet the discontinuation criteria. When subjects discontinued regorafenib, ruxolitinib or placebo they remained in the study and were followed for subsequent treatment regimens which were initiated and survival.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 396 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study of Ruxolitinib or Placebo in Combination With Regorafenib in Subjects With Relapsed or Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Study Start Date : March 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ruxolitinib plus regorafenib Drug: Ruxolitinib

5 mg tablets to be administered by mouth

Ruxolitinib 20 mg twice a day (BID) (Part 1) (NOTE: The starting dose for the randomized portion of study (Part 2) was 15 mg BID based on results from Part 1.)

Other Names:
  • Jakafi ®
  • Jakavi ®

Drug: Regorafenib
Regorafenib 160mg once daily for the first 21 days of each 28-day cycle. (NOTE: Dose interruptions and modifications for regorafenib are expected when toxicities occur in which dose interruptions or modifications are appropriate.)
Other Name: Stivarga ®

Active Comparator: Placebo plus regorafenib Drug: Regorafenib
Regorafenib 160mg once daily for the first 21 days of each 28-day cycle. (NOTE: Dose interruptions and modifications for regorafenib are expected when toxicities occur in which dose interruptions or modifications are appropriate.)
Other Name: Stivarga ®

Drug: Placebo
5 mg matching placebo tablets to be administered by mouth




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Baseline until death due to any cause; up to 16 months or data cut-off 11 FEB 2016. ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause. Participants without death observed at the time of the analysis will be censored at last date known to be alive. The median overall survival time was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Overall survival was compared between treatment groups using log-rank test.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Baseline through disease progression, or death due to any cause if sooner; up to 16 months or data cut-off 11 FEB 2016. ]
    Progressive Disease (PD) is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1 at least a 20% increase in the sum of the Longest Diameter (LD) of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions, unequivocal progression of non-target lesions, or the appearance of new lesions.

  2. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Baseline through end of study; up to 16 months or data cut-off 11 FEB 2016. ]
    Response defined per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria: Complete Response (CR)=disappearance of all target and non-target lesions without new lesion; Partial Response (PR)=30% decrease in sum of longest diameter of target lesions, non-target lesion not progressed, and no new lesion; Progressive Disease=20% increase in sum of longest diameter of target lesions, or non-target lesion progression, or identification of new lesion; Stable Disease=small changes that do not meet above criteria. ORR was defined as the proportion of participants who achieved a best response of either CR or PR. ORR=number of participants with CR or PR/number of participants randomized.

  3. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Baseline through end of study; up to 16 months or data cut-off 11 FEB 2016. ]
    Duration of response is defined as the time from response (CR/PR) until the earliest date of disease progression determined by investigator assessment of objective radiographic disease assessments per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1, or death due to any cause.

  4. Percentage of Participants Achieving Disease Control [ Time Frame: Baseline through end of study; up to 16 months or data cut-off 11 FEB 2016. ]
    Disease control as measured by the percentage of participants whose best response was complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) per RECIST v.1.1.

  5. Percentage of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline through approximately 30 days post treatment discontinuation;up to 16 months or data cut-off 27JAN 2016 for Substudy 1 and up to the data cut-off of 11FEB2016 for Substudy 2. ]
    TEAEs were defined as any adverse event (AE) during the study that began or worsened on or after the date of first dose of investigational product.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum that is metastatic.
  • Previous treatment with fluoropyrimidine-, oxaliplatin- and irinotecan- based chemotherapy, an anti-VEGF therapy (if no contraindication) and if KRAS wild type and no contraindication, an anti-EGFR therapy.
  • Radiographically measurable or evaluable disease (per RECIST v1.1)
  • Life expectancy of ≥ 12 weeks.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 2
  • Three or more weeks have elapsed from the completion of previous treatment regimen and subjects must have recovered or be at a new stable baseline from any related toxicities.
  • Prior radiotherapy to disease sites is allowed with certain protocol-defined restrictions.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with regorafenib.
  • Presence of active gastrointestinal disease or other condition that will interfere significantly with the absorption of drugs.
  • Active peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel disease (eg, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), diverticulitis, or other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation or gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • Recent history (≤ 3 months) or ongoing partial or complete bowel obstruction unless due to disease under study and corrected with surgery.
  • Blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg.
  • Active bleeding diathesis or history of any major bleeding (eg, requiring transfusion of red blood cells (RBCs), central nervous system (CNS) bleeding, or significant hemoptysis within 6 months of enrollment. Subjects with bleeding secondary to underlying disease (including gastrointestinal (GI) perforation or fistula) that has been corrected by surgery or alternative procedure may be included.
  • Clinically significant cardiac disease including unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction within 6 months from Day 1 of study drug administration, New York Heart Association Class II, III, or IV congestive heart failure, and arrhythmia requiring therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02119676


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Sponsors and Collaborators
Incyte Corporation
Investigators
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Study Director: Albert Assad Incyte Corporation

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Responsible Party: Incyte Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02119676     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: INCB18424-267
First Posted: April 22, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 14, 2017
Last Update Posted: February 13, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

Keywords provided by Incyte Corporation:
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Colon Cancer
Ruxolitinib
adenocarcinoma
regorafenib
Jakavi ®
Jakafi ®
Stivarga ®

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases