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A Study of Vismodegib in Men With Metastatic CRPC With Accessible Metastatic Lesions for Tumor Biopsy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02115828
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 16, 2014
Results First Posted : July 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 20, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Brief Summary:

This is a single-arm pharmacodynamic study with mandatory metastatic tumor biopsies in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer.

The trial will evaluate the effect of vismodegib on tumor tissue in men with metastatic CRPC by obtaining tumor biopsies at baseline and after 4 weeks of treatment with vismodegib.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Drug: Vismodegib Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The study will enroll 10 evaluable patients. Patients will receive a 30-day supply of 150 mg of vismodegib on day one of each cycle daily by mouth, beginning on Day 1, and continuously until one of the following occurs: Disease progression, intolerable toxicity most probably attributable to vismodegib or withdrawal from the study.

Tumor biopsies (nodal or visceral), skin biopsies, and CTCs will be obtained at baseline and after 4 weeks of treatment. PSA evaluations will be conducted every 4 weeks, imaging assessments (CT and Bone scan) will be conducted every 12 weeks and routine labs (blood counts and chemistry panel) will be conducted every 4 weeks.

The investigator's intent is to examine the fold change in GLI1 expression in each man following exposure to drug (comparing pre-treatment and on-treatment core biopsy samples). As secondary endpoints, the investigator will also explore clinical response (PSA responses, progression-free survival [PFS], radiographic responses), safety, and will examine changes from baseline in Gli2, PTCH1, and AKT1 mRNA levels by qRT-PCR, in situ GLI1 expression in tissue sections by mRNA in situ hybridization, and GLI1 expression in isolated circulating tumor cells (CTCs).


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 9 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pharmacodynamic Study of Vismodegib in Men With Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) With Accessible Metastatic Lesions for Tumor Biopsy
Study Start Date : April 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Vismodegib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Vismodegib
Vismodegib Treatment arm will receive Vismodegib by mouth 150 mg daily up to 1 year.
Drug: Vismodegib



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Proportion of mCRPC Patients Treated With Vismodegib Who Achieve a Pharmacodynamic (PD) Response in Tumor Biopsies [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    The primary endpoint is the proportion of mCRPC patients treated with vismodegib who achieve a pharmacodynamic (PD) response in tumor biopsies, defined as both a decrease in GLI1 mRNA greater than 1.2 times the standard deviation (SD) of the baseline values and a ≥50% (≥2-fold) reduction in GLI1 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression in metastatic tumor biopsies after 4 weeks of treatment when comparing post-treatment biopsy to pre-treatment biopsy in the same patient.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. GLI1 Expression [ Time Frame: Up to 1 Year ]
    Suppression by vismodegib in tumor tissue of Hh-regulated transcripts and proteins was defined as the change from baseline in expression levels of GLI1 in situ tissue expression by mRNA in situ hybridization.

  2. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 Year ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) is defined by the Prostate Cancer Working Group 2 (PCWG2) criteria using RECIST 1.1 criteria for each patient. PFS is defined as the time of first dose (a) until prostate specific antigen (PSA) progression (by 25% increase in PSA from nadir) or death and (b) until any evidence of progression (by 25% increase in PSA from nadir, a new lesion on bone or CT scan, or physical examination) or death. PFS will be assigned to the earliest observed time.

  3. AKT1 Expression in Tumor Biopsies [ Time Frame: Up to 1 Year ]
    The tumor biopsies were evaluated for changes to Hh-regulated transcript, AKT1, between pre-treatment and post-treatment

  4. The Effect of Vismodegib on PSA Responses [ Time Frame: Up to 1 Year ]
    The effect of vismodegib on PSA responses will be assessed as the number of patients with participants with ≥50% PSA reductions at any time point during study



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), with accessible metastatic soft-tissue lesions for tumor biopsy
  • Greater than 18 years of age
  • Evidence of disease progression (PSA progression, or radiographic/clinical progression [PCWG2])

    • PSA progression is defined as at least two consecutive rises in serum PSA, obtained at a minimum of 1-week intervals, and each value ≥ 2.0 ng/mL.
    • Radiographic progression is defined for soft tissue lesions using RECIST criteria, i.e. an increase greater than 20% in the sum of the longest diameter of all target lesions based on the smallest sum longest diameter since treatment started or the appearance of one of more new lesions with a confirmatory scan 6 or more weeks later. Radiographic progression will be defined for bone lesions as the appearance of two new lesions with a confirmatory scan performed 6 or more weeks later that shows at least 2 or more additional new lesions.
  • Presence of ≥1 metastatic site (nodal, visceral) that is amenable to core biopsy
  • Castrate serum testosterone (<50 ng/dL)
  • Prior anti-androgens are permitted but not required (2 week washout from anti-androgens)
  • Prior abiraterone and enzalutamide are permitted (2 week washout for both agents)
  • Prior immunotherapy (e.g. sipuleucel-T), and chemotherapy are permitted (4 week washout period from chemotherapy)
  • Bisphosphonates and denosumab are permitted, if on a stable dose for ≥4 weeks
  • Life expectancy ≥12 months
  • Adequate renal, liver, and bone marrow function with the following acceptable initial laboratory values:

    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) must be ≤ 2.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • Total bilirubin must be ≤ 1.5 x ULN.
    • Estimated creatinine clearance using the Cockcroft-Gault formula must be > 40 mL/minute (See section 12.2 for formula)
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be ≥ 1500/μL
    • Platelet count must be ≥ 100,000/μL
  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for the release of personal health information.

NOTE: HIPAA authorization may be either included in the informed consent or obtained separately.

  • Karnofsky Performance status/ECOG Performance Status ≥70/2 (Appendix A: Performance Status Criteria)
  • Male patients must use condoms at all times, even after a vasectomy, during sexual intercourse with female partners of reproductive potential during treatment with vismodegib and for 2 months after the last dose to avoid exposing a pregnant partner and unborn fetus to vismodegib.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current use of systemic corticosteroids (>5 mg prednisone)
  • Known brain metastases, or untreated meningeal/dural disease
  • Receiving any other investigational agents or receipt of another investigational agent within 4 weeks of study entry
  • Patients taking anticoagulants or with a history of a bleeding diathesis (due to need for visceral biopsy)
  • Use of any prohibited concomitant medications (washout period of 1 week)
  • Insufficient time from last prior regimen or radiation exposure (washout period of 4 weeks)
  • Grade > 2 treatment-related toxicity from prior therapy
  • Any other condition which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would preclude participation in this trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02115828


Locations
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Emmanuel Antonarakis, M.D. Johns Hopkins University

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02115828     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: J1423
NA_00093427 ( Other Identifier: JHMI-IRB )
First Posted: April 16, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 20, 2018
Last Update Posted: July 20, 2018
Last Verified: October 2017

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins:
Vismodegib
Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
Accessible Metastatic Lesions for Tumor Biopsy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases