ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Safety and Tolerability of Everolimus as Second-line Treatment in Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinoma / Neuroendocrine Carcinoma G3 (WHO 2010) and Neuroendocrine Tumor G3 - an Investigator Initiated Phase II Study (EVINEC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02113800
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 15, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 23, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Assign Data Management and Biostatistics GmbH
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AIO-Studien-gGmbH

Brief Summary:

The study is designed as an open-label, prospective, single arm, multicenter study of everolimus in histologically confirmed, neuroendocrine carcinoma G3 /neuroendocrine tumor G3 after failure of first-line platin-based chemotherapy (open-label pilot study).

The aim of this study is to provide a second line therapy to patients with any type of platinum based first line chemotherapy, to gather data on disease control rate and progression free survival.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Poorly Differentiated Malignant Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Grade 3 Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Grade 1 [Well-differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinoma] That Switched to G3 Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Grade 2 [Moderately Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinoma] That Switched to G3 Neuroendocrine Tumor, Grade 3 and Disease Progression as Measured by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1.) Drug: Everolimus (Afinitor®) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

As more efficient drugs are urgently needed for the treatment of neuroendocrine tumors the investigator evaluated phosphorylated Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and effectors in a series of NEC G3 at the Charité Center. Everolimus showed antiproliferative effects in bronchial NET.

In a second approach the data of this study should be the basis to generate another study to further explore everolimus as maintenance therapy in NEC G3/ NET G3.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety and Tolerability of Everolimus as Second-line Treatment in Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinoma / Neuroendocrine Carcinoma G3 (WHO 2010) and Neuroendocrine Tumor G3 - an Investigator Initiated Phase II Study
Study Start Date : August 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single Arm

Patients receive Everolimus orally, 10 mg/day.

The end of study will be performed when tumor progression has been observed for 28 patients. Patients who are still under treatment at that time may continue with chemotherapy at the discretion of the investigator, but will be excluded from the study.

Drug: Everolimus (Afinitor®)
Formulation: 10 mg/day Route: oral (tablet)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: approx. 18 month ]

    Incidence of adverse events (AEs) overall and by severity, and serious adverse events (SAEs). Severity will be assessed using the National Cancer Institute-Common Toxicity Criteria (NCI-CTC) for Adverse Events, version 4.03 (CTCAEv4.03).

    To evaluate tolerability and safety of everolimus in second-line treatment of poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma / neuroendocrine carcinoma G3 according to WHO 2010 and neuroendocrine tumors G3.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: approx. 18 month ]
    Progression free survival (PFS) as the length of time during and after the treatment of a disease, such as cancer, that a patient lives with the disease but it does not get worse as per local radiology assessment using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1.)

  2. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: approx. 18 month ]
    Objective response rate defined as the rate of best overall response (CR+PR), determined by RECIST V 1.1.

  3. Disease control rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: approx. 18 month ]
    Disease control rate defined as the rate of best overall response and stable disease (CR+PR+SD), determined by RECIST V 1.1.

  4. Duration of response (DR) [ Time Frame: approx. 18 month ]
    Duration of response is defined as the time from onset of the first objective tumor response (CR/PR) to objective tumor progression or death from any cause.

  5. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: approx. 18 month ]
    OS is defined as the time from date of randomization to the date of death from any cause. If a patient is not known to have died at the date of analysis cut-off, the OS will be censored at the last date of contact.

  6. Quality of life [ Time Frame: approx. 18 month ]
    Quality of life (HRQoL) will be evaluated using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), to assess the quality of life of cancer patients questionnaire (QLQ-C30)

  7. chromogranin A & B [ Time Frame: approx. 12 month ]
    Percentage of patients showing normalization or a decrease of chromogranin A & B

  8. Time to Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: approx. 18 month ]
    Time to progression (TTP) is the time from date of start of treatment to the date of event defined as the first documented progression due to underlying cancer.

  9. neuron-specific enolase [ Time Frame: approx. 12 month ]
    Percentage of patients showing normalization or a decrease of neuron-specific enolase

  10. progastrin releasing peptide [ Time Frame: approx. 12 month ]
    Percentage of patients showing normalization or a decrease of progastrin releasing peptide.

  11. Correlation mTOR pathway components in tumor tissue to tumor response [ Time Frame: approx. 18 month ]
    To explore expression of mTOR pathway components in tumor tissue (archive) in correlation to tumor response



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Signed written informed consent
  2. Male or female ≥ 18 years of age
  3. Patients with poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma, neuroendocrine carcinoma G3 (NEC - G3 according to WHO 2010) or well or moderately differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (NET - G1 / G2) that switched to G3 (confirmed by histology) or neuroendocrine tumor G3 (NET G3) and disease progression as measured by RECIST 1.1
  4. Progression during or after treatment with first-line platinbased chemotherapy. In NET G3 that switched from NET G2 the line of therapy is determined from the time of revised histology (confirming a G3 NEN)
  5. Measurable disease according to RECIST 1.1
  6. Performance Status according to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status 0 - 2 (Karnofsky Performance status ≥ 80%)
  7. Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test
  8. Laboratory requirements:

    • Hematology

      • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
      • Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L
      • Leukocyte count ≥ 3.0 x 10^9/L
      • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL or 5.59 mmol/L
    • Hepatic Function

      • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 time the upper limit normal (ULN)
      • Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 x ULN in absence of liver metastases, or ≤ 5 x ULN in presence of liver metastases
      • Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN in absence of liver metastases, or ≤ 5 x ULN in presence of liver metastases
    • Renal Function

      • Creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min according to cockroft-Gault formula
    • Metabolic Function

      • Magnesium ≥ lower limit of normal
      • Calcium ≥ lower limit of normal
    • Others:

      • CRP (PCT if CRP is elevated to exclude infection)
      • negative urinary screening test for leukocytes and nitrite (U - stix) to exclude urinary tract infection

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity reaction to any of the components of study treatment or their excipients.
  2. Previous therapy with mTOR inhibitor
  3. Radiotherapy :

    • Concurrent radiotherapy involving target lesions used for this study.
    • Concurrent palliative radiation (but radiation for non-target lesions is allowed if other target lesions are available outside the involved field)
    • previous pre-operative or post-operative radiotherapy within 3 months before study treatment
  4. History of other malignant tumors within the last 5 years, except basal cell carcinoma or curatively excised cervical carcinoma in situ
  5. Known brain metastases unless adequately treated (surgery or radiotherapy) with no evidence of progression and neurologically stable off anticonvulsants and steroids
  6. Clinically significant cardiovascular disease (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia) ≤ 1 year before enrolment
  7. Inadequate pulmonary function according to the Investigator's judgment, history of interstitial lung disease e.g. pneumonitis or pulmonary fibrosis or evidence of interstitial lung disease on baseline chest CT scan
  8. Known active Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) or HIV infection
  9. Serious concomitant disease or medical condition that in the judgment of the investigator renders the patient at high risk from treatment complication
  10. Any systemic disease requiring oral intake of corticosteroids (except for replacement therapy of corticosteroids - hydrocortisone in case of adrenal or pituitary insufficiency)
  11. Hearing loss ≥ Grade 3 (CTCAE v4.03)
  12. Patient pregnant or breast feeding, or planning to become pregnant within 8 weeks after the end of treatment
  13. Patient (male or female) is not willing to use highly effective methods of contraception (per institutional standard) during treatment and for 8 weeks (male or female) after the end of treatment.
  14. Concurrent treatment with other experimental drugs or participation in another clinical trial with any investigational drug within 28 days prior to treatment start
  15. Concurrent treatment with inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, ketoconazole) and inducers (e.g. phenytoin, rifampicin) of Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and / or the multidrug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (PgP).
  16. Known drug abuse/alcohol abuse
  17. Peripheral polyneuropathy ≥ Grade 2 (CTCAE v4.03)
  18. Active chronic inflammatory bowel disease
  19. Any condition which might interfere with study objectives (e.g. infections) or would limit the patient's ability to complete the study in the opinion of the investigator
  20. Patient who has been incarcerated or involuntarily institutionalized by court order or by the authorities. (AMG §40, Abs. 1 No. 4)
  21. Affected persons who might be dependent on the sponsor or the investigator

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02113800


Contacts
Contact: Katrin Krause, B.Sc. +49 30 8145 344 ext 32 Katrin.Krause@aio-studien-ggmbh.de

Locations
Germany
Charité-Universitätsmedizin, Medizinische Klinik m. S. Hepatologie und Gastroenterologie, Campus Virchow-Klinikum Recruiting
Berlin, Germany, 13353
Contact: Marianne Pavel, Prof. Dr.       marianne.pavel@charite.de   
Principal Investigator: Marianne Pavel, Prof. Dr.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
AIO-Studien-gGmbH
Assign Data Management and Biostatistics GmbH
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Marianne Pavel, Prof. Dr. Charité-Universitätsmedizin

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: AIO-Studien-gGmbH
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02113800     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AIO-NET-0112
CRAD001KDE55T ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Novartis )
2012-004550-28 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 15, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 23, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Disease Progression
Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Adenocarcinoma
Everolimus
Sirolimus
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents