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GWAS in a Small Group of Metabolically Healthy Obese White Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02105909
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 7, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 7, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Doina Kulick, MD, University of Nevada, Reno

Brief Summary:
This is a GWAS pilot study that aims to identified possible candidate genes associate to obesity by exploring single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in a small group of obese , metabolically healthy white adults, matched with lean, white adults , metabolically healthy. The investigators hypothesize that the careful phenotyping of the subject sand matching with increase the power to find SNP significantly associate with obesity (as defined by BMI).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obesity Other: GWAS Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Between 60%-70% of the risk of obesity appears to be heritable. Unfortunately, the exact genes involved have been difficult to identify. New technologies now exist to help researchers discover obesity susceptibility genes. One of these technologies is the Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) Array 6.0 chips. SNPs are individual base pair differences in genes of different individuals, and they are the main source of human genetic diversity. The "chips" are thumbnail-size silicon surfaces that contain copies of hundreds of thousands of SNPs of the human genome (in this case around 900,000). SNP chips allow researchers to screen thousands of genes in a single experiment and compare genes of subjects with a particular disease or condition with unaffected control subjects. The investigators study utilizes SNP chips to compare the genetic profiles of obese subjects (N = 20, body mass index > 35 kg/m2) without common obesity-related co-morbidities such as diabetes mellitus or hypertension with well matched, lean controls (N = 20, body mass index 18-25 kg/m2). This is a pilot study intended to explore the following: 1) possible associations between obesity and previously unidentified obesity susceptibility genes; 2) associations between known obesity genes and obesity risk in subjects without obesity-related metabolic co-morbidities; and 3) how well our genetic data conform to other studies in similar populations as a way of assessing if the investigators have identified a representative cohort of obese subjects.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 81 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) to Identify Candidate Obesity Susceptibility Genes in a Carefully Phenotyped, Metabolically Healthy Population of Obese White Adults
Study Start Date : May 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: obese subjects
DNA analysis
Other: GWAS
Placebo Comparator: lean subjects
DNA analysis
Other: GWAS



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. number of SNPs associated with high BMI [ Time Frame: baseline ]
    Using GWAS to identify candidate genes associate with obesity (high BMI) in a carefully phenotyped white adults with obesity (as defined by BMI), metabolically healthy, matched with lean, white adults metabolically healthy.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Adults 40 year old or older
  • Caucasian males or females
  • BMI ≥ 35 kg/m² or history of BMI ≥ 35 kg/m², or BMi less than 25 kg/m2
  • No current or past use of glucose lowering drugs
  • No current or past medical history of diabetes mellitus
  • No current or past medical history of established coronary artery disease (angina, myocardial infraction, abnormal cardiac stress test)
  • No current or past medical history of or treatment for thyroid disorders
  • No current or past use of lipid lowering drugs or diagnosis of a lipid disorder
  • No current or past medical history of or treatment for hypertension
  • Subject's willingness to provide the study investigators with a copy of their medical records or give permission to the study investigators to access the following specific medical information:

    • Fasting plasma glucose (less than 100 mg/dL/5.6 mmol/L)
    • HDL-C cholesterol (more than 40 mg/dL /1.03 mmol/L)
    • Total cholesterol (less than 239 mg/dL/ 6.18mmol/L)
    • LDL cholesterol (less than 159 mg/dL/4.11 mmol/L)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - Known monogenic forms of obesity
  • Polycystic ovary disease (in women)
  • Malabsorptive or maldigestive syndromes (Celiac disease, Crohn's Disease, inflammatory bowel disease, etc.)
  • Anorexia nervosa or bulimia

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Responsible Party: Doina Kulick, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Nevada, Reno
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02105909     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIH P20 RR-016464
First Posted: April 7, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 7, 2014
Last Verified: April 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Obesity
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms