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Trial record 8 of 722 for:    colon cancer AND 5-FU

Study Evaluating the Influence of LV5FU2 Bevacizumab Plus Anakinra Association on Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (IRAFU)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02090101
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centre Georges Francois Leclerc

Brief Summary:

The metastatic colon cancer is a major public health problem despite advances in chemotherapy; few new drugs are in development for the treatment of this pathology.

Many studies have shown that human colon cancer is a tumor that is recognized by the immune system and the presence of lymphocytic infiltrates in the tumor bed is associated with a better prognosis. Conversely, the effect of chemotherapy on the immune response is little studied.

Recently the importance of myeloid suppressor cells (MDSC) in the development of colon cancer and the effect of 5- fluorouracil on this cell population has been highlighted. An accumulation of these cells in the blood and lymphoid organs during tumor progression is observed. Moreover, it has been established that the death of MDSC induced by 5-fluorouracil induces activation of caspase -1 and IL-1beta by these MDSC.

These events promote the polarization of CD4 T cells in intratumoral Th17 lymphocytes. The IL- 17 produced by these cells exerts a pro-angiogenic effect in inducing proliferation of endothelial cells expressing and thus limits the effect of 5- fluorouracil endoglin.

In humans, it has also been observed that chemotherapy using 5- fluorouracil and in particular LV5FU2 association +/- bevacizumab induces rapid death of blood MDSC as well as activation of caspase 1 in these cells. Thus, production of IL - 1 is detected in the serum of patients after 24 hours of the administration of 5-fluorouracil.

Chronic inflammation and the production of interleukin- 1 can alter the effectiveness of anti -tumor immune responses and facilitate angiogenesis. Many preclinical data suggest a role of anti -tumor inhibition of IL- 1beta, but the effect of a combination of chemotherapy and an inhibitor of IL - 1beta has not yet been tested in human.

Anakinra is a drug used in humans for many years to treat signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. In combination with methotrexate, in patients whose response to methotrexate alone is not satisfactory it had shown interesting results. The dose used clinically is 100 mg per day which is the dose that is proposed to be tested in this study.

In this context it should be remembered that methotrexate is a chemotherapeutic agent from the class of antimetabolites such as 5- fluorouracil.

RCP of this drug indicate that in studies originator toxicity was similar between the control arm and anakinra arm with an increase in serious infections (1.8 % vs 0.7 %) and an increased incidence of neutropenia (2.5 % neutropenia > grade = 1). The main toxicity observed is a painful inflammatory reaction at the injection site in 70 % of patients The investigators believe that this project could permit to validate in man preclinical observations showing an anti-tumor potential for combination anakinra and 5 fluorouracil.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Drug: ANAKINRA Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 32 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study Evaluating the Influence of LV5FU2 Bevacizumab Plus Anakinra Association on Vascularization of Liver Metastases of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Proof of Concept Study
Actual Study Start Date : October 10, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 10, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : May 15, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ANAKINRA
LV5FU2 + bevacizumab + anakinra

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate after 2 months in patients with colorectal cancer with liver metastases treated with anakinra and LV5FU2/bevacizumab [ Time Frame: after 2 months of treatment ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate by echography [ Time Frame: 15 days after the beggining of treatment ]
  2. Tumor control rate [ Time Frame: At 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 months after the beginning of treatment ]
  3. Overall survival [ Time Frame: At 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 months after the beginning of treatment ]
  4. Rate and safety profile according to NCI-CTCAE v4 [ Time Frame: Every 15 days before each cycle of treatment ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Man or woman
  • Age ≥ 18 and ≤ 80 years
  • Performance status of 0 or 1 according to the ECOG score of WHO
  • Patient with Metastatic colorectal non-curative and progression on therapy in first -line therapy containing 5-fluorouracil and bevacizumab cancer.
  • Patient with low or intermediate risk defined by modified Kohne's criteria
  • Hepatic metastases ≥ 1 cm
  • Evaluation Review (CT chest, abdomen and pelvis ) made in the previous 4 weeks and showing the presence of a measurable lesion according to RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  • Indication treatment LV5FU2 + bevacizumab validated
  • Patient whose understanding of the study is good
  • Biological values within the following limits :

    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal ( N)
    • AST and ALT ≤ 5 N
    • Creatinin ≤ 1.5 N and creatinin clearance > 60 ml / min
    • Neutrophils ≥ 1.5 . 109 / L
    • Platelets ≥ 100 . 109 / L
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g / dL ( even if includable patients were transfused ) .
    • Albumin ≥ 30 g / L
    • Serological hepatitis B , C and HIV negative
  • Information given and signed informed consent
  • Patient affiliated to a social security system
  • For women of childbearing age , the need for effective contraception.

Exclusion Criteria:

Related to the disease:

  • Other cancer within 5 years prior to entry into the trial or concomitant (except carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal cell carcinoma of the skin ) .
  • Presence of brain metastasis
  • Prognosis estimated survival <3 months

Related to treatment :

  • Presence of a contraindication to bevacizumab ( major surgery in the previous 28 days , the risk of arterial thrombosis, risk of bleeding , deep vein thrombosis without effective anti- coagulant treatment or unbalanced anticoagulant treatment) Concomitant systemic
  • Immunotherapy , immunosuppressants, corticosteroids ≥ 1mg/kg or hormone therapy : corticosteroids administered chronically , immunosuppressive therapy, biotherapy administered under the management of inflammatory disease (anti -TNF , anti- IL6 ... )
  • Hypersensitivity to one of the compounds of treatments
  • Latex Hypersensitivity ( the cap of the syringe containing anakinra contains dry natural rubber, a derivative of latex), which may cause allergic reactions
  • Peripheral neuropathy grade ≥ 2
  • History of autoimmune disease or inflammatory

Related to patient conditions :

  • Participation during or within 30 days prior to study entry to another clinical trial with an experimental molecule.
  • Serious disease unbalanced, underlying infection that may prevent the patient from receiving treatment
  • Intestinal occlusion or sub- occlusion or history of inflammatory bowel disease
  • Pregnancy (test mandatory inclusion pregnancy) , lactation or lack of effective contraception for men and women of childbearing age
  • Psychiatric disease compromising understanding of the information or the accomplishment of the study
  • Patient under guardianship, curatorship or judicial protection
  • Unable to sign the informed consent or to submit to medical follow-up for geographical, social or psychological reasons.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02090101

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Centre Georges François Leclerc
Dijon, Burgundy, France, 21079
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre Georges Francois Leclerc

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Responsible Party: Centre Georges Francois Leclerc Identifier: NCT02090101     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2013-003367-55
First Posted: March 18, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 9, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antirheumatic Agents