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Tamoxifen to Treat Barrett's Metaplasia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02089386
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Insufficient funding)
First Posted : March 17, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
Treat Barrett's esophagus (BE) patients with tamoxifen to Barrett's metaplasia as measured by changes in Barrett's esophagus appearance by endoscopy and histology as well as changes in SOX2 and CDX2.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Barrett Metaplasia Drug: Tamoxifen Procedure: Endoscopy Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Treat Barrett's esophagus (BE) patients with tamoxifen to determine the effects on Barrett's metaplasia as measured by changes in Barrett's esophagus appearance by endoscopy and histology. Tamoxifen treatment may induce SOX2 expression, decrease CDX2 and promote esophageal stem cell activity, leading to regression of Barrett's metaplasia. To test this hypothesis, we will conduct a prospective, pilot study where patients with BE, without high grade dysplasia, are treated with tamoxifen and assessed for changes in the appearance of their BE by endoscopy and histology as well as changes in the SOX2/CDX2 ratio indicative of an improvement in BE metaplasia

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Tamoxifen to Treat Barrett's Metaplasia
Actual Study Start Date : July 9, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 21, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : June 21, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tamoxifen
Tamoxifen 20 mg daily for 12 weeks
Drug: Tamoxifen
Other Names:
  • Nolvadex®
  • Soltamox®

Procedure: Endoscopy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Extent of Barrett's involvement and changes in histology [ Time Frame: End of 12 weeks (at the time of second endoscopy) ]
    The biopsy procedures with 4 quadrant biopsies/2 cm for histology and additional biopsies for freezing for macromolecular analysis to assess the preliminary diagnostic value of this marker pair in identifying levels of metaplasia in BE and as an indicator of response to tamoxifen treatment. The tissue from the two endoscopic procedures will be assessed for changes in the following related to tamoxifen therapy.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in SOX2 and CDX2 expression [ Time Frame: End of 12 weeks (at the time of second endoscopy) ]
    The main outcome measurements are SOX2 and CDX2, analyzed as a ratio. We will use a one sample paired non-parametric Wilcoxon test to test the significant difference if the ratio difference is not normally distributed. Normality assumption can be examined by visual Q-Q plot and formal Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistic. In addition, we will explore the patient level characteristics on treatment effect using a linear regression model. Specifically, we will use the difference ratio as the response variable and patient characteristics of interest as explanatory variables. Regression coefficients associated with the explanatory variables quantify the effect of these variables on the difference ratio, with t or F statistic testing for the statistical significance.

  2. Tolerance of tamoxifen [ Time Frame: 4 months (30 days after cessation of tamoxifen or after second endoscopy - whichever occurs later) ]
    As measured by toxicities using CTCAE version 4.0

  3. Changes in the length of Barrett's esophagus involvement [ Time Frame: End of 12 weeks (at the time of second endoscopy) ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Biopsy-proven Barrett's esophagus that is non-dysplastic or with low grade dysplasia.
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • ECOG performance status ≤ 2
  • Normal bone marrow and organ function as defined below:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcl
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mcl
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤1.5 x IULN
    • Serum creatinine within normal institutional limits or less than the lower limit of normal institutional limits; or creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she must inform her treating physician immediately.
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior history of esophageal cancer.
  • Prior history or current use of tamoxifen or anti-estrogen therapy.
  • A history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to tamoxifen.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Female patients must have a negative urine pregnancy test within 14 days of study entry.
  • Known HIV-positivity and on combination antiretroviral therapy because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with tamoxifen. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
  • Taking medications known to affect drug metabolism via the CYP3A4, CYP2C9, or CYP2D6 pathways.
  • History of blood clots (i.e. pulmonary embolism, DVTs).
  • Concurrent use of anticoagulants (i.e. Coumadin/warfarin).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02089386

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United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
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Principal Investigator: Jason Mills, M.D., Ph.D. Washington University School of Medicine
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine Identifier: NCT02089386    
Other Study ID Numbers: 201404013
First Posted: March 17, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 13, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Barrett Esophagus
Pathologic Processes
Precancerous Conditions
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Bone Density Conservation Agents