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Project CHOICE: Efficacy Testing of CHOICE and CHOICE+Normative Feedback Interventions (CHOICE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02083523
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 11, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Douglas Smith, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Brief Summary:
This study will use a pilot test format to examine the efficacy of a brief Motivational Interviewing (MI) intervention developed by the investigator Dr. Douglas Smith called CHOICE (Compassionate Helpers Openly Inviting Client Empowerment)with youth referred for substance abuse assessments to substance abuse treatment agencies in Chicago and Urbana, IL.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Substance-related Disorders Behavioral: Motivational Interview with Normative Feedback Behavioral: Motivational Interview Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This study will use a pilot test format to examine the efficacy of a brief Motivational Interviewing (MI) intervention developed by the investigator Dr. Douglas Smith called CHOICE (Compassionate Helpers Openly Inviting Client Empowerment)with youth referred for substance abuse assessments to substance abuse treatment agencies in Chicago and Urbana, IL. The study will have two arms: one group will receive the standard CHOICE Motivational Interview (MI) while the second group will receive the CHOICE Motivational Interview with a Normative Feedback component, called CHOICE+ (CHOICE Plus). The hypothesis is that there will be no difference in outcomes between those that receive the standard CHOICE and those that receive the CHOICE+ MI.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: PROJECT CHOICE: Efficacy Testing of Motivational Interviewing (MI) for Adolescents Referred for Substance Use Concerns
Study Start Date : March 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Drug Abuse

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Motivational Interview
The Motivational Interview, or MI, (15-30 minutes) was provided after initial substance use disorder assessments but prior to treatment admission. I twas facilitated by a computer generated report and included: an orientation to the session, discussion of the participants' strengths, an agenda setting procedure, a review of concerns, and a session summary. Therapists conveyed empathy, used reflective listening, tried to elicit and reinforce change talk elements, and elicited action steps from the participants.
Behavioral: Motivational Interview
The Motivational Interview (MI) addresses ambivalence about change. It's effects are mediated by how well counselors evoke change talk, or in-session client utterances about the: need for; commitment to; ability to; or steps needed, to change.
Other Name: CHOICE

Active Comparator: MI with Normative Feedback
The Motivational Interview with Normative Feedback, or MI + NF, condition/intervention included all procedures described for the MI condition. Additionally, in the MI + NF condition/intervention, the participants' days of marijuana and alcohol use were compared to two sets of norms ( age specific or level of care specific) available for treatment attending youth. Therapists used whichever norm provided a greater contrast with participants' use.
Behavioral: Motivational Interview with Normative Feedback
NOrmative Feedback (NF) contrasts and individual's substance use to available norms for one's reference group (i.e., descriptive norms.) Essentially, NF highlights how an individual's behavior is non-normative, which in turn, is thought to lead to reduced substance use.
Other Name: CHOICE + (MI + NF)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. % Readiness to Change [ Time Frame: Day One ]
    % Readiness to Change was measured immediately following receipt of the intervention session.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Days of Substance Use Treatment [ Time Frame: 3 months post intake ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Substance Use Frequency [ Time Frame: 3 months post intake ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Youth 13-19 years of age (and their parents or legal guardians if their youth has been referred for an assessment with the Prairie Center counseling staff.)
  • referred for an assessment to see if they need substance use disorder treatment
  • have used substances on 13 or more days out of the past 90 days or scored higher than 2 on the CRAFT assessment. -

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Low cognitive functioning

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02083523


Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Douglas Smith, PhD University of Illinois Urbana Champaign
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Responsible Party: Douglas Smith, Assistant Professor Douglas Smith, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02083523    
Other Study ID Numbers: Smith13356
First Posted: March 11, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 11, 2014
Last Verified: March 2014
Keywords provided by Douglas Smith, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign:
Motivational Interview, normative feedback, adolescents
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders