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Clinical Validation of Lophius Biosciences Kit T-Track® CMV in Kidney Transplant Recipients (CMValue)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02083042
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 8, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lophius Biosciences GmbH

Brief Summary:

This study aims to validate whether Lophius Biosciences Kit T-Track® CMV is suitable to assess the functionality of CMV-specific cell-mediated immunity (CMI) and to determine a protective cut-off value for CMV reactivations/disease in kidney transplant recipients.

Lophius kit T-Track® CMV represents a highly standardized and sensitive diagnostic tool to assess the functionality of a network of clinically relevant CMV-reactive effector cells. It is based on the stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with urea-formulated immunodominant CMV proteins, pp65 and IE-1, and the subsequent quantification of CMV-specific CMI (spot forming colonies) using a highly sensitive IFN-γ ELISpot.


Condition or disease
Cytomegalovirus Kidney Transplantation CMV Specific Immune Response

Detailed Description:
Severe clinical complications including acute rejection and opportunistic infections in solid organ transplantation (SOT) are mainly caused by inadequate impairment of cell-mediated immunity (CMI) by immunosuppressive therapy. In particular CMV is responsible for increased morbidity and mortality revealing the need for either prophylactic or preemptive antiviral treatment. Recipients with negative CMV serology (R-) receiving a graft from a seropositive donor (D+) are at highest risk of developing CMV-associated complications. Therefore, these patients usually receive antiviral prophylaxis whereas patients at intermediate risk (D+/R+ or D-/R+) are treated either prophylactically or preemptively. Although prophylaxis is efficient, it is also accompanied by harmful side effects and high costs. Thus, there is a need for a personalized antiviral as well as immunosuppressive therapy to optimally treat the patient and to improve long-term patient and graft survival. The detection of a protective threshold of functional CMV-reactive cells may help to predict the onset of viral complications, thereby minimizing harmful side effects. Currently available tools to measure CMV-specific cellular immunity reveal striking limitations including a lack of standardization necessitating a commercially available standardized test system. The Lophius kit T-Track® CMV represents a highly standardized and sensitive diagnostic tool to assess the functionality of a network of clinically relevant CMV-reactive effector cells. It is based on the stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with urea-formulated immunodominant CMV proteins, pp65 and IE-1, and the subsequent quantification of CMV-specific CMI (spot forming colonies) using a highly sensitive IFN-γ ELISpot. This study aims to assess the suitability of the Lophius Biosciences kit T-Track® CMV to determine the CMV-specific CMI in renal transplant recipients scheduled for a preemptive antiviral treatment strategy. Furthermore, it will be investigated if the results obtained with T-Track® CMV are suitable to define a cut-off value of CMV-specific CMI mediating protection from CMV reactivations and related complications. Moreover, possible associations between CMV-specific CMI measured with T-Track® CMV and clinical complications including acute rejection episodes and opportunistic infections will be analyzed as well as the influence of the immunosuppressive treatment and the patient`s HLA type on viral immunity.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 97 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Clinical Validation of Lophius Biosciences Kit T-Track® CMV to Assess the Functionality of CMV-specific Cell-mediated Immunity (CMI) and Its Suitability to Determine a Protective Cut-off Value for CMV Reactivations/Disease in Kidney Transplant Recipients
Study Start Date : August 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determination of changes in pp65 and/or IE-1 specific CMI applying T-Track® CMV [ Time Frame: before Tx, week 3,6,9,12,15,18 and 21 after Tx and unscheduled visits in case of suspicion of CMV related complications; individual observation period 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in CMV viral load measured by CMV-PCR or pp65 antigenemia test [ Time Frame: week 3,6,9,12,15,18,21 after Tx and in case of CMV complications ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. opportunistic infections, graft damage/rejection/loss, [ Time Frame: 6 months after Tx ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Kidney transplant recipients of intermediate risk groups for CMV serostatus (D+/R+; D-/R+), and scheduled for the preemptive antiviral strategy
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient receiving a kidney graft
  • Recipient being CMV-seropositive prior transplantation and receiving a graft from either a CMV-seropositive or from a seronegative donor (intermediate risk groups, D+/R+; D-/R+,)
  • Patient scheduled to follow the preemptive antiviral strategy with oral valganciclovir or intravenous ganciclovir after transplantation
  • Patient receiving the standard triple immunosuppressive regimen (CNI, MMF/MPA or mTOR inhibitors, steroids), with or without induction therapy (except ATG) as start therapy after transplantation
  • Male or female patient at least 18 years of age
  • Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is scheduled for the optional visit 1, but requires ongoing treatment with a systemic immunosuppressive drug already prior to kidney transplantation (except induction therapy other than ATG)
  • Patient receiving ATG as induction therapy
  • Patient is known to be positive for HIV or suffering from chronic hepatitis infections
  • Patient has significant uncontrolled concomitant infections or other unstable medical conditions before transplantation that could interfere with the study objectives
  • Patient is unable to comply with the visit schedule in the protocol
  • Patient has any form of substance abuse, psychiatric disorder or condition that, in the opinion of the investigator may invalidate communication with the investigator

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02083042


Locations
Germany
Lophius Biosciences GmbH
Regensburg, Germany, 93053
Sponsors and Collaborators
Lophius Biosciences GmbH