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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    SYR-322-MET/CCT-001
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Comparative Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety When Metformin Hydrochloride 500 mg Once Daily is Added on to SYR-322 25 mg in Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Inadequate Glycemic Control Despite Treatment With SYR-322 25 mg in Addition to Diet and Exercise Therapy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02068443
First Posted: February 21, 2014
Last Update Posted: June 6, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda
  Purpose
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 24-week treatment with metformin hydrochloride 500 mg once daily added on to alogliptin (SYR-322) 25 mg in type 2 diabetic patients with inadequate glycemic control despite treatment with alogliptin 25 mg in addition to diet and exercise therapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Drug: Alogliptin Drug: Metformin hydrochloride Drug: Metformin hydrochloride Placebo Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3 Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel-group, Comparative Study When Metformin Hydrochloride 500 mg is Added on to SYR-322 25 mg in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Takeda:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Glycosylated Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program (NGSP) at the End of Treatment (EOT) Period [ Time Frame: Baseline and End of Treatment (EOT) (Up to Week 24) ]
    The change in the value of HbA1c (NGSP) (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) collected at End of Treatment Period relative to Baseline. A negative change from Baseline indicates improvement. An Analysis of Covariate (ANCOVA) model with change from Baseline as a dependent variable and Baseline and treatment as independent variables was used for main analyses.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in HbA1c (NGSP) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 and EOT (Up to Week 24) ]
    The change in the value of HbA1c (NGSP) (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) collected at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, and EOT relative to Baseline. A negative change from Baseline indicates improvement.

  • HbA1c (NGSP) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 and EOT (Up to Week 24) ]
    The value of HbA1c (NGSP) (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) collected at Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, and EOT.

  • Percentage of Participants Achieving Target HbA1c (NGSP) Levels at the EOT Period [ Time Frame: Baseline and EOT (Up to Week 24) ]
    HbA1c (NGSP) is the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound. The percentage of participants with HbA1c levels of ≥6.0, ≥7.0 and ≥8.0 at the end of Screening (Baseline) with change to target values <6.0, <7.0 and <8.0 respectively at EOT.

  • Change From Baseline in Fasting Blood Glucose [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 and EOT (Up to Week 24) ]
    The change in the value of the fasting plasma glucose collected at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 relative to Baseline. A negative change from Baseline indicates improvement.

  • Fasting Blood Glucose [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 and EOT (Up to Week 24) ]
    The value of the fasting plasma glucose collected at Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24 and EOT.

  • Percentage of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAE) [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    An Adverse Event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a drug; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (example, a clinically significant abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a drug, whether or not it is considered related to the drug. A treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) is defined as an adverse event with an onset that occurs after receiving study drug.

  • Percentage of Participants With TEAEs Categorized Into Investigations System Organ Class (SOC) Related to Chemistry, Hematology or Urinalysis [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    The percentage of participants with any clinically relevant safety laboratory changes (chemistry, hematology and urinalysis) collected throughout study and recorded as AEs.

  • Percentage of Participants With TEAEs Related to Vital Signs [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    Vital signs included sitting systolic and diastolic blood pressures (mmHg) (measured after resting for ≥ 5 minutes) and pulse rate (beats per minute [bpm]).

  • Number of Participants Who Had Clinically Relevant Changes in 12-Lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) Findings [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 12 and 24 ]
    Number of participants who had ECG findings changed from "normal" or "abnormal but not clinically relevant" at Baseline to "abnormal and clinically relevant".


Enrollment: 374
Study Start Date: February 2014
Study Completion Date: February 2015
Primary Completion Date: February 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Alogliptin Alone
Alogliptin 25 mg, tablets, orally, once, daily, after breakfast and metformin hydrochloride placebo-matching, tablets, orally, 2 tablets after breakfast and 1 tablet after dinner for 24 weeks.
Drug: Alogliptin
Alogliptin tablets
Other Names:
  • SYR-322
  • Nesina®
Drug: Metformin hydrochloride Placebo
Metformin hydrochloride placebo-matching tablets
Experimental: Alogliptin + Metformin Hydrochloride QD
Alogliptin 25 mg, tablets, orally, once, daily, after breakfast and metformin hydrochloride 500 mg QD (250 mg x 2 tablets, once daily), tablets, orally, once, daily, after breakfast and 1 metformin hydrochloride placebo-matching, tablet, orally, once, daily, after dinner for 24 weeks.
Drug: Alogliptin
Alogliptin tablets
Other Names:
  • SYR-322
  • Nesina®
Drug: Metformin hydrochloride
Metformin hydrochloride tablets
Other Name: Glycoran®
Drug: Metformin hydrochloride Placebo
Metformin hydrochloride placebo-matching tablets
Active Comparator: Alogliptin + Metformin Hydrochloride BID
Alogliptin 25 mg, tablets, orally, once, daily, after breakfast and metformin hydrochloride 250 mg BID (twice daily), tablets, orally, 1 tablet after breakfast and 1 tablet after dinner and 1 metformin hydrochloride placebo-matching, tablet, orally, once, daily, after breakfast for 24 weeks.
Drug: Alogliptin
Alogliptin tablets
Other Names:
  • SYR-322
  • Nesina®
Drug: Metformin hydrochloride
Metformin hydrochloride tablets
Other Name: Glycoran®
Drug: Metformin hydrochloride Placebo
Metformin hydrochloride placebo-matching tablets

Detailed Description:

The drugs being tested in this study are called alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride. Alogliptin in combination with metformin hydrochloride was being tested to treat people who have Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with inadequate glycemic control despite treatment with alogliptin in addition to diet and exercise. This study looked at the efficacy and safety of alogliptin 25 mg once daily (QD) + metformin hydrochloride 500 mg QD compared to alogliptin 25 mg QD + metformin hydrochloride 250 mg twice daily (BID) and alogliptin 25 mg QD administered alone.

The study enrolled 374 patients. Participants were randomly assigned (by chance, like flipping a coin) to one of the three treatment groups—which remained undisclosed to the patient and study doctor during the study (unless there was an urgent medical need):

  • Alogliptin 25 mg QD + metformin hydrochloride 500 mg QD
  • Alogliptin 25 mg QD + metformin hydrochloride 250 mg BID
  • Alogliptin 25 mg QD

This multi-center trial was conducted in Japan. The overall time to participate in this study was 36 weeks (12-week screening period and 24-week treatment period). Participants made multiple visits to the clinic including a final visit 24 weeks after the start of study medication.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 74 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Has a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  2. Has a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) (National glycohemoglobin standardization program [NGSP]) of ≥6.9% to <10.5% at 8 weeks after the start of the screening period (Week -4).
  3. Has an HbA1c (NGSP) difference between 4 weeks after the start of the screening period (Week -8) and 8 weeks after the start of the screening period (Week -4) being within 10.0% (rounded off to the first decimal place) of the value at 4 weeks after the start of the screening period (Week -8).
  4. Has been on a certain diet therapy and exercise therapy (if any) during the screening period.
  5. Has been receiving alogliptin on a stable dose and regimen (after breakfast, 25 mg/day) during the screening period.
  6. In the opinion of investigator or subinvestigator, the participant is considered appropriate to receive a biguanide as an add-on to alogliptin, at the end of the screening period (Week 0).
  7. In the opinion of investigator or subinvestigator, the participant is unlikely to require changes in the dose of antihypertensive agents (including discontinuation and suspension) or an additional antihypertensive agent during the study.
  8. Is a male and female aged ≥20 years to <75 years. Participants aged ≥65 years to <75 years need to be considered eligible for the enrollment by the investigator or subinvestigator at the end of the screening period (Week 0) taking into consideration the cardiovascular disorders pulmonary function disorders, renal function, hepatic function, etc.
  9. A female participant of childbearing potential who is sexually active with a nonsterilized male partner agrees to routinely use adequate contraception from signing of informed consent throughout the duration of the study.
  10. Is treated in outpatient settings during the screening period.
  11. In the opinion of the investigator or subinvestigator, the participant is capable of understanding and complying with protocol requirements.
  12. Signs and dates a written, informed consent form prior to the initiation of any study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has received other antidiabetic drugs than alogliptin (including insulin preparations and glucagon-like peptidase-1 [GLP-1] analog preparations) during the screening period.
  2. Has clinical manifestations of hepatic impairment.
  3. Has an alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≥ 2.5 × upper limit of normal during the screening period.
  4. Has clinical manifestations of renal impairment, including mild impairment.
  5. Has a history of lactic acidosis.
  6. Has any cardiovascular disease including shock, heart failure, myocardial infarction and pulmonary embolism, any serious pulmonary function disorder, or any other condition predisposing him/her to hypoxemia.
  7. Has dehydration or gastrointestinal dysfunction such as diarrhea or vomiting, which may cause dehydrated state.
  8. Has malnutrition, starved state, hyposthenia, pituitary gland dysfunction or adrenal insufficiency.
  9. Has any serious cardiac disease, any serious cerebrovascular disorder, or any serious pancreatic or hematological disease (eg, the participant requiring inpatient treatment or having been hospitalized for treatment within 24 weeks prior to the start of the screening period).
  10. In the opinion of the investigator or subinvestigator, the participant has clinically significant abnormal hematological parameters of hemoglobin, hematocrit, or erythrocytes during the screening period.
  11. Has a systolic blood pressure ≥ 180 mmHg or a diastolic blood pressure ≥ 110 mmHg during the screening period.
  12. Has a condition requiring insulin for blood glucose control (eg, severe ketosis, diabetic coma or precoma, type 1 diabetes, severe infection, pre- or post-operative condition, or serious trauma).
  13. Has any malignancy.
  14. Has a history of hypersensitivity or allergies to dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors or biguanides.
  15. Is a habitual drinker consuming more than 100 mL of alcohol on average daily.
  16. Has a history of drug abuse (defined as any illicit drug use) or a history of alcohol dependence.
  17. Requires an excluded medication or a prohibited matter during the study.
  18. Has received combination therapy of alogliptin benzoate and metformin hydrochloride in a previous clinical study or as a therapeutic agent.
  19. Has received any investigational compound within 12 weeks prior to the start of the screening period (Week -12).
  20. Is a participant in another clinical study at the time of signing informed consent.
  21. If female, the participant is pregnant or lactating; intending to become pregnant between the time of signing informed consent and the end of the study; or intending to donate ova during such period.
  22. Is a study site employee, is its immediate family member, is in a dependent relationship with a study site employee who is involved in conduct of this study (eg, spouse, parent, child, sibling), or may consent under duress.
  23. Is considered ineligible for the study for any other reason by the investigator or subinvestigator.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02068443


Locations
Japan
Nagoya-shi, Aichi, Japan
Chiba-shi, Chiba, Japan
Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka, Japan
Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka, Japan
Kurume-shi, Fukuoka, Japan
Aki-gun, Hiroshima, Japan
Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima, Japan
Koga-shi, Ibaraki, Japan
Mito-shi, Ibaraki, Japan
Tushiura-shi, Ibaraki, Japan
Ushiku-shi, Ibaraki, Japan
Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa, Japan
Takamatsu-chi, Kagawa, Japan
Sendai-shi, Miyagi, Japan
Ohita-shi, Ohita, Japan
Okinawa-shi, Okinawa, Japan
Shimajiri-gun, Okinawa, Japan
Kashiwara-shi, Osaka, Japan
Osaka-shi, Osaka, Japan
Hiki-gun, Saitama, Japan
Oyama-shi, Tochigi, Japan
Shimotsuke-shi, Tochigi, Japan
Koutoh-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Meguro-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Sagae-shi, Yamagata, Japan
Yamagata-shi, Yamagata, Japan
Yamaguchi-shi, Yamaguchi, Japan
Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Investigators
Study Director: Study Director Takeda
  More Information

Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02068443     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SYR-322-MET/CCT-001
JapicCTI-132377 ( Other Identifier: Japic CTI )
U1111-1151-6515 ( Registry Identifier: Universal Trial Number )
First Submitted: February 19, 2014
First Posted: February 21, 2014
Results First Submitted: April 28, 2016
Results First Posted: June 6, 2016
Last Update Posted: June 6, 2016
Last Verified: February 2016

Keywords provided by Takeda:
Drug therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Alogliptin
Metformin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Incretins
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action