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Study to Investigate the Absolute Bioavailability of a Single Oral Dose of Ponesimod in Healthy Male Subjects

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02068235
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 21, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Actelion

Brief Summary:
This study consists of a single-dose pilot phase and a randomized, two-way crossover, single-dose main phase.The aim of this study is to evaluate the absolute bioavailability of the oral formulation (tablet) of ponesimod compared to an intravenous (i.v.) ponesimod formulation. Three subjects will be included in the pilot phase and 12 subjects in the main crossover phase.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Drug: Ponesimod 5mg i.v. Drug: Ponesimod i.v. Drug: Ponesimod 10 mg tablet Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Official Title: Single-center, Open-label, Randomized, Two-way Crossover Study to Investigate the Absolute Bioavailability of a Single Oral Dose of Ponesimod in Healthy Male Subjects
Study Start Date : August 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pilot Phase
Subjects will receive a single intravenous (i.v.) dose of 5 mg ponesimod dissolved in 50 mL sterile 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) solution as a 3-hour infusion in the fasted state in the morning (infusion rate: 0.028 mg/min).
Drug: Ponesimod 5mg i.v.
Experimental: Treatment A/Treatment B

Subjects will receive Treatment A followed by Treatment B.

Treatment A: a single i.v. dose of ponesimod administered in the fasted state in the morning.

Treatment B: a single oral dose of ponesimod (10 mg) administered as 1 tablet in the fasted state in the morning.

There will be a washout period between doses of 12-15 days.

Drug: Ponesimod i.v.
Dose and infusion rate will be adjusted according to the results of the pilot phase

Drug: Ponesimod 10 mg tablet
Experimental: Treatment B/Treatment A

Subjects will receive Treatment B followed by Treatment A.

Treatment A: a single i.v. dose of ponesimod administered in the fasted state in the morning.

Treatment B: a single oral dose of ponesimod (10 mg) administered as 1 tablet in the fasted state in the morning.

There will be a washout period between doses of 12-15 days.

Drug: Ponesimod i.v.
Dose and infusion rate will be adjusted according to the results of the pilot phase

Drug: Ponesimod 10 mg tablet



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC(0-144h)) of ponesimod [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis will be taken immediately prior to dosing with ponesimod, and at various time points up to 7 days after dosing. AUC(0-144) will be calculated according to the linear trapezoidal rule using the measured concentration-time values above the limit of quantification.

  2. Area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC(0-infinity)) of ponesimod [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis will be taken immediately prior to dosing with ponesimod, and at various time points up to 7 days after dosing. AUC(0-infinity) will be calculated by combining AUC(0−144) and AUC(extra). AUC(extra) represents an extrapolated value obtained by Ct/λz, where Ct is the last plasma concentration measured above the limit of quantification and λz represents the terminal elimination rate constant determined by log-linear regression analysis of the measured plasma concentrations of the terminal elimination phase.

  3. Maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) of ponesimod [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis will be taken immediately prior to dosing with ponesimod, and at various time points up to 7 days after dosing. Cmax will be calculated on the basis of the blood sampling time points.

  4. Plasma half life (t1/2) of ponesimod [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis will be taken immediately prior to dosing with ponesimod, and at various time points up to 7 days after dosing. t1/2 will be calculated on the basis of the blood sampling time points.

  5. Time to maximum plasma concentration (tmax) after oral administration of ponesimod [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis will be taken immediately prior to dosing with ponesimod, and at various time points up to 7 days after dosing. tmax will be calculated on the basis of the blood sampling time points.

  6. Total body clearance (CL) after intravenous administration of ponesimod [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis will be taken immediately prior to dosing with ponesimod, and at various time points up to 7 days after dosing. CL Total body clearance will be calculated as follows: CL = Dose / AUC(0-infinity).

  7. Volume of distribution (Vss) after intravenous administration of ponesimod [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis will be taken immediately prior to dosing with ponesimod, and at various time points up to 7 days after dosing. Vss will be estimated by CL [(AUMC/AUC) − (infusion time/2)], where AUMC is the area under the first moment curve.

  8. Absolute bioavailability (F) of after oral administration of ponesimod [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis will be taken immediately prior to dosing with ponesimod, and at various time points up to 7 days after dosing. F will be calculated using the geometric means (as derived by the mixed effect model) of AUC(0-infinity).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline up to Day 7 in systolic blood pressure [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) and pulse rate will be measured using an automatic oscillometric device, always on the leading arm (i.e., leading arm = writing arm). Measurements will be recorded in the supine position after the subject has rested for a 5-minute period.

  2. Change from baseline up to Day 7 in diastolic blood pressure [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) and pulse rate will be measured using an automatic oscillometric device, always on the leading arm (i.e., leading arm = writing arm). Measurements will be recorded in the supine position after the subject has rested for a 5-minute period.

  3. Change from baseline up to Day 7 in pulse rate [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) and pulse rate will be measured using an automatic oscillometric device, always on the leading arm (i.e., leading arm = writing arm). Measurements will be recorded in the supine position after the subject has rested for a 5-minute period.

  4. Change from baseline up to Day 7 in heart rate [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Heart rate will be determined from standard 12-lead electrocardiographs (ECGs) recorded in the supine position, after a 5-minute period of resting.

  5. Change from baseline up to Day 7 in PR interval (time interval from the beginning of the P wave to the beginning of the QRS complex) [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    PR interval will be determined from standard 12-lead electrocardiographs (ECGs) recorded in the supine position, after a 5-minute period of resting.

  6. Change from baseline up to Day 7 in QRS duration (time interval from the beginning of the Q wave to the end of the S wave) [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    QRS duration will be determined from standard 12-lead electrocardiographs (ECGs) recorded in the supine position, after a 5-minute period of resting.

  7. Change from baseline up to Day 7 in QT interval (time interval from beginning of the Q wave until end of the T wave) [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    QT interval will be determined from standard 12-lead electrocardiographs (ECGs) recorded in the supine position, after a 5-minute period of resting.

  8. Change from baseline up to Day 7 in QT interval according to Bazett's correction (QTcB) [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    QTcB interval will be determined from standard 12-lead electrocardiographs (ECGs) recorded in the supine position, after a 5-minute period of resting. The QTcB interval is the QT interval (interval from beginning of the Q wave until end of the T wave) corrected for heart rate with Bazett's formula (QTcB = QT/RR^0.5 where RR is 60/heart rate)

  9. Change from baseline up to Day 7 in QT interval according to Fridericia's correction (QTcF) [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    QTcF interval will be determined from standard 12-lead electrocardiographs (ECGs) recorded in the supine position, after a 5-minute period of resting.The QTcF interval is the QT interval (interval from beginning of the Q wave until end of the T wave) corrected for heart rate with Fridericia's formula (QTcB = QT/RR^0.33 where RR is 60/heart rate)

  10. Frequency of treatment-emergent ECG abnormalities from up to Day 7 [ Time Frame: 7 Days ]
    Treatment-emergent abnormalities will be determined from standard 12-lead ECGs recorded in the supine position, after a 5-minute period of resting. Treatment-emergent ECG abnormalities are any ECG abnormalities that occur up to 144 hours after each study drug administration.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed informed consent in the local language prior to any study-mandated procedure.
  • Body mass index ≥ 18 and ≤ 28 kg/m^2 at screening.
  • No clinically significant findings on the physical examination at screening.
  • Systolic blood pressure (SBP) 100−145 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 50−90 mmHg, measured on the dominant arm, after 5 min in the supine position at screening and Day −1 of pilot phase/ first treatment period in main phase.
  • 12-lead ECG without clinically relevant abnormalities at screening and Day −1 pilot phase / first treatment period in main phase.
  • Negative results from urine drug screen at screening and Day −1 pilot phase / first treatment period in main phase.
  • Hematology and clinical chemistry variables not deviating from the normal range to a clinically relevant extent at screening.
  • Ability to communicate well with the investigator, in the local language, and to understand and comply with the requirements of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known allergic reactions or hypersensitivity to the active compound or any excipients of the drug formulation(s).
  • History or clinical evidence of any disease and/or existence of any surgical or medical condition, which might interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of the study drug (appendectomy and herniotomy allowed, cholecystectomy not allowed).
  • Veins unsuitable for i.v. puncture on either arm (e.g., veins that are difficult to locate, access, or puncture or veins with a tendency to rupture during or after puncture).
  • Heart rate < 50 or > 95 beats per minute (bpm) at screening or Day −1 of pilot phase / first treatment period in main phase on 12-lead ECG measured after 5 min in the supine position.
  • PR interval (time interval from the beginning of the P wave to the beginning of the QRS complex) > 200 ms at screening and Day -1 of pilot phase / first treatment period in main phase.
  • Subjects with personal or family history of long QT (time interval from beginning of the Q wave until end of the T wave) syndrome or hypokalemia.
  • Previous history of fainting, collapse, syncope, orthostatic hypotension, or vasovagal reactions.
  • Previous exposure to the study medication within 3 months prior to screening.
  • Any immunosuppressive treatment within 6 weeks or 5 half-lives of the drug, whichever is longer, before study drug administration.
  • Treatment with another investigational drug within 3 months or 10 half-lives of the drug, whichever is longer, prior to screening or participation in more than 4 investigational drug studies within 1 year prior to screening.
  • History or clinical evidence of alcoholism or drug abuse within the 3-year period prior to screening.
  • Excessive caffeine consumption, defined as ≥ 800 mg (7 cups of coffee or 14 cups of tea) per day at screening.
  • Smoking within the last 3 months prior to screening and inability to refrain from smoking during the course of the study.
  • Treatment with any prescribed medications (including vaccines) or over-the-counter (OTC) medications (including herbal medicines) within 2 weeks prior to screening.
  • Loss of 250 mL or more of blood within 3 months prior to screening.
  • Lymphopenia (< 1000 cells/μL) at screening or Day −1 of pilot phase / first treatment period in main phase.
  • Viral, fungal (with exception of onychomycosis and dermatomycosis), bacterial, or protozoal infection within 4 weeks before the first study drug administration.
  • Positive results from the hepatitis serology, except for vaccinated subjects or subjects with past but resolved hepatitis, at screening.
  • Positive results from the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serology at screening.
  • Any circumstances or conditions, which, in the opinion of the investigator, may affect full participation in the study or compliance with the protocol.
  • Legal incapacity or limited legal capacity at screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02068235


Locations
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United Kingdom
Simbec Research Limited
Merthyr Tydfil, United Kingdom, CF48 4DR
Sponsors and Collaborators
Actelion
Investigators
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Study Director: Daniela Baldoni, PharmD, PhD Actelion

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Responsible Party: Actelion
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02068235     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AC-058-114
First Posted: February 21, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2015
Last Verified: May 2015

Keywords provided by Actelion:
Ponesimod
Bioavailability
Pharmacokinetics
Safety