First-in-Human Safety Study Of Laser Tissue Welding For Surtureless Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy (LTW-KIDNEY)
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02061605|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 13, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 1, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Benign Renal Tumors Malignant Renal Tumors||Device: Laser Tissue Welding Device||Not Applicable|
The use of partial nephrectomy to treat small newly diagnosed kidney tumors is vastly under-used as per NCI statistics (http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/treatment/partial-nephrectomy0208).
As per the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program, (http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/kidrp.html), the prevalence of cancer of the kidney and renal pelvis is 296,074 while the estimated new cases are 46,410 and deaths 13,040 in the United States in 2010 (www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/kidney).
There has been an increase in detection of incidental small renal mass (≤ 4cm) cases (TNM staging T1a) due to widespread use of ultrasound and abdominal cross sectional imaging (CT, MRI) and thus an increase in the amount of renal surgery performed. Current surgical practice for nephron sparing surgery allows at least 1 cm margin of normal tissue around the tumor3. This is the stage when curative resections are possible.
During a partial nephrectomy, the renal artery is clamped to minimize bleeding while resecting the tumor. Since a major reconstruction is required with suturing, clamp time can be significant, anywhere between 15 and 45 minutes. It has been repeatedly shown that reducing clamp time preserves renal function and that there is significant damage to the kidney if the renal artery is clamped for more than 30 minutes. This is especially crucial when dealing with patients with hypertension, diabetes, chronic renal failure or a tumor in a single kidney. Extended clamp time can result in decreased renal function and ultimately the need for dialysis at some point. Because of the inherent difficulties of laparoscopic suturing, this has not been widely used particularly in view of the risk of prolonged warm ischemia time. Many patients therefore undergo a radical nephrectomy instead of a nephron sparing procedure. Hemorrhage 9.5% (1) , is the major complication following partial nephrectomy. Besides bleeding (1) urinary fistula (4.5%), ureteral obstruction, and renal insufficiency due to prolonged warm ischemia times are further complications of partial nephrectomy.
Laser Tissue Welding is the first combination (laser and biologic) class III surgical device intended to join and seal tissues accurately and instantly. The treatment process uses thermal energy created when a laser excites photosensitive dye molecules, to coagulate the protein albumin which transforms from a liquid to a solid instantly. Laser tissue welding creates a non-compressive, non-ablative sealing of tissues with microscopic thermal damage. This combination of a laser with albumin biologics stops bleeding and fluid leaks in nanoseconds without using sutures, hemostatic clotting factors (platelets/thrombin/fibrin), thermal or cryoablation. (Video: http://www.lasertissuewelding.com/application.aspx?AID=8)
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||10 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase-I Feasibility Trial To Study The Safety Of Laser Tissue Welding For Sealing Resected Kidney Surfaces After Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy|
|Study Start Date :||June 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2020|
Experimental: Laser Tissue Welding Device
The laser tissue welding device is intended for use in patients requiring laparoscopic surgery requiring hemostasis and sealing of the resected kidney after partial nephrectomy, and including those patients who are fully heparinized or have hemodilutional coagulation failure.
The device's intended use is to seal the kidney surface using a laser to weld human albumin based biomaterials after surgical removal of kidney tumors during a laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.
Device: Laser Tissue Welding Device
Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy will be robotically assisted using the second generation da Vinci® Surgical System. Once the tumor is resected with laparoscopic scissors with a margin of healthy tissue, the solder will be dripped onto the cut surface of the parenchyma. A laparoscopic rigid 5mm spot-size laser hand-piece will be passed through the 10-mm port. The diode laser will be then used to weld a thin layer of solder onto the cut parenchymal surface. The 60 Watt 810-nm diode laser will be set to deliver continuous energy. During soldering, the tip of the laparoscopic laser hand-piece will be maintained 1 to 2 cm from the renal surface to generate a spot size of approximately 5 mm. Each spot will be treated with the laser until the color of the solder changes from green to white. The renal pedicle clamp will be removed to allow renal blood supply to be restored and the surgical site inspected for evidence of bleeding for 10 minutes prior to completing the surgical procedure.
- Operative Blood Loss [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
Operative blood loss is defined by: Volume of blood in the suction bottles, volume of blood clots, and weight of surgical towels before and after use.
Clinical assessment of the blood loss: Clinical drop in hemoglobin (1 gm. % = 300 ml) without hemo-dilution. Therefore is correlated with blood products transfused to compensate for the blood lost during surgery.
- Postoperative Blood Loss [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
Clinical assessment of the blood loss:
- Clinical drop in hemoglobin (1 gm. % = 300 ml) without hemodilution. Therefore is correlated with blood products transfused to compensate for the blood lost post-operatively.
- Correlated to post-operative JP tube drainage, amount and type.
- Secondary hemorrhage or hematoma (safety issue no. 1) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]Post-operative blood loss requiring return to the operating room
- Post-operative urinary leakage/ urinoma (safety issue no. 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]Urinary leakage is measured in drainage bottles (ml/day) following surgery till a drain placed during the operation is removed before patient discharge. Accumulation of fluids around the kidney (blood or urine) will be assessed with U/S and CT scan at the mentioned time points.
- Secondary infection, intra‐abdominal abscess formation and septicemia (safety issue no. 3) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]Surgical space abscess
- Urinary stone formation (safety issue no. 4) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]To see if the protein solder is a nidus for stone formation
- Total operating time (minutes) (Duration Metric -1) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]Observed operative period
- Nephrectomy clamp time (minutes) (Duration Metric-2) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]Observed intra-operatively. Assesses organ ischemia time and will correlate with compromised renal function post-surgery.
- Laser tissue welding time (sec/cm2) (Duration Metric-3) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
Cumulative time to complete hemostasis. This will be compared to current standard of care time-to-hemostasis using suture closure which is anywhere between 15 and 45 minutes since a major renal reconstruction is required with suturing and therefore correlated to significant clamp time, renal ischemia and renal dysfunction.
- Length of ICU stay (Duration Metric-4) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]Number of days spent in intensive care unit (ICU).
- Length hospital stay ((Duration Metric-5) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]Total time spent as an in-patient
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02061605
|United States, Texas|
|St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||RICHARD LINK, M.D.||Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine|