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Xeloda Maintenance Versus BSC in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02060669
Recruitment Status : Terminated (others)
First Posted : February 12, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 27, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Roche Pharma AG
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Joon Oh Park, Samsung Medical Center

Brief Summary:

Colorectal cancer (CRC) accounts for 10% to 15% of all cancers and is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in Western countries. Approximately half of all patients develop metastatic disease and become candidates for the palliative chemotherapy which has been proved to prolong survival and improve quality of life (QOL) in patients with metastatic CRC. The most active chemotherapy regiments include oxaliplatin or irinotecan combined with fluoropyrimidines.

With overall survival in metastatic CRC nowadays routinely around 2 years, the same intensity of therapy can hardly be maintained throughout the course of therapy. The continuum of care therefore mandates changes in therapy, with treatment breaks or phases of less-intensive maintenance therapy interspersed with periods of more-intensive therapy to control tumor progression. Thereby, chemo-holidays conceivably reduce the cumulative toxicities of chemotherapy, potentially prevent the unplanned, premature discontinuation of therapy, preserve the ability to administer further phases of therapy, potentially maximize the time on therapy, reduce cost, and could increase QOL for patients. Several trials have tested the influence of chemo-holidays on patient outcome, with various rules on when to stop which component of antitumor therapy as follows; 1) Completely stopping all therapeutic agents, giving patients a completely chemotherapy-free interval (OPTIMOX-2, GISCAD), or 2) Stopping only those agents associated with significant (cumulative) toxicity while continuing other agents as maintenance therapy (OPTIMOX-1, Combined Oxaliplatin Neurotoxicity Prevention Trial [CONcePT]).

Therefore, we'd like to test if capecitabine maintenance after 8 cycles of capecitabine combine with oxaliplatin (XELOX) could prolong progression-free survival without deterioration of QOL and toxicities in patients metastatic CRC.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Drug: Xeloda Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Trial of XELOX (Xeloda/Oxaliplatin) Followed by Xeloda Maintenance Versus Best Supportive Care (BSC) in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : June 20, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1
xeloda maintaenance
Drug: Xeloda
Xeloda

No Intervention: Arm 2
best supprotive care



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: up to 6weeks ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically documented colorectal adenocarcinoma (chemo-naïve)
  • Age over 18 years old
  • Performance status (ECOG scale): 0-2
  • Measurable or evaluable disease
  • Adequate organ functions
  • Life expectancy more than 3 months
  • Patients should sign a written informed consent before study entry.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Tumor type other than adenocarcinoma
  • Second primary malignancy (except in situ carcinoma of the cervix or adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin, papillary thyroid carcinoma or prior malignancy treated more than 5 years ago without recurrence)
  • Prior systemic therapy (for instance, cytotoxic chemotherapy or active/passive immunotherapy) for advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer.
  • Adjuvant or neo-adjuvant treatment for non-metastatic (M0) disease is allowed if completed at least 6 months prior to initiation of study treatment.
  • Prior radiotherapy is permitted if it was not administered to target lesions selected for this study, unless progression of the selected target lesions within the radiation portal is documented, and provided it has been completed at least 4 weeks before randomization.
  • Presence of CNS metastasis
  • Obvious peritoneal seeding or bowel obstruction disturbing oral intake
  • Symptomatic peripheral neuropathy (NCI CTC v3.0 Grade I)
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to study treatment start, or lack of complete recovery from the effects of major surgery. Prior palliative surgical treatment of stage IV disease is permitted. The patient without measurable lesion(s) by operation or RFA is not eligible.
  • Serious illness or medical conditions, as follows;congestive heart failure (NYHA class III or IV), unstable angina or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months, significant arrhythmias requiring medication and conduction abnormality such as over 2nd degree AV block,uncontrolled hypertension hepatic cirrhosis( above Child class B), interstitial pneumonia, pulmonary adenomatosis, psychiatric disorder that may interfere with and/or protocol compliance, unstable diabetes mellitus, uncontrolled ascites or pleural effusion active infection
  • Receiving a concomitant treatment with drugs interacting with capecitabine or oxaliplatin, as follows;flucytosine, a fluorinated pyrimidine antifungal agent, phenytoin, warfarin etc.
  • Received any investigational drug or agent/procedure, i.e. participation in another trial within 4 weeks before beginning treatment with study drug.
  • Pregnant or lactating woman
  • Women of child bearing potential not using a contraceptive method
  • Sexually active fertile men not using effective birth control during medication of study drug and up to 6 months after completion of study drug if their partners are women of child-bearing potential
  • Any patients judged by the investigator to be unfit to participate in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02060669


Locations
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Korea, Republic of
Samsung Medical Center
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 135-710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Samsung Medical Center
Roche Pharma AG
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Joon Oh Park, M.D. Samsung Medical Center

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Responsible Party: Joon Oh Park, Associate Professor, Samsung Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02060669     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2010-02-047
First Posted: February 12, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 27, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Capecitabine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents