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A Qualitative Case Study of the Experiences of Children With Cancer as They Learn About Their Diagnosis and Treatment

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02041689
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Brief Summary:

Thousands of children are diagnosed with cancer each year, many of whom will achieve long term survival due to advances in treatments and technologies. However, when a child is first diagnosed, they are confronted with a wealth of new and unfamiliar medical information that they must integrate in order to understand their diagnosis and treatment plan. Little is yet known about how children with cancer experience learning about their diagnosis and treatment in the hospital setting, or the individuals and materials that may help to facilitate the child's developing understanding. This information could help to identify or guide educational and supportive child life interventions to help children with cancer better understand their illness and its treatment.

This observational study will collect data about how children currently learn about their cancer diagnosis and treatment in the hospital setting. The interventions used do not seek to change the health outcomes of the participants in this study. The observational data collected may serve to improve how future patients learn about their cancer-related diagnosis.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Sarcoma Behavioral: Interview Behavioral: Observations Behavioral: Guided Activities

Detailed Description:

This is a longitudinal qualitative case study, and no randomized interventions will be used. Instead, participants will complete two interview sessions, three guided activities, and observations with the primary investigator to explore their experiences of learning about their diagnosis and treatment in the hospital setting.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

  • The primary objective of this qualitative case study is to describe the ways in which children with cancer learn about their cancer diagnosis and treatment in the hospital setting.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 4 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Qualitative Case Study of the Experiences of Children With Cancer as They Learn About Their Diagnosis and Treatment
Study Start Date : January 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Participants

Patients at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital between the ages of 7 and 11 years who have a working diagnosis or initial diagnosis of a bone or soft tissue sarcoma.

Interventions: two unstructured life-story interview sessions, observations, and guided activities.

Behavioral: Interview
Each participant will complete two interview sessions with the primary investigator. Each interview will be conducted in a private, quiet room. Parents may choose to remain with the child during the interview if they would like, but only the responses of the child will be analyzed. Each interview session will last no more than one hour; if the child is not able to respond to each of the primary interview questions during this time, a second follow-up session will be scheduled so that the remainder of the questions can be answered. All interviews will be audio-recorded and transcribed.

Behavioral: Observations
Observations help to give insights about interpersonal interactions, actions, non-verbal cues, and the activities and function of areas within the hospital. Three kinds of observation will be used: participant observation, non-participant observation, and guided activities. These observations will be conducted to learn more about the hospital environment as it intersects with the learning experiences of the participants.

Behavioral: Guided Activities

This study will use three different types of arts and play-based activities to give participants a variety of ways to express their thoughts and perceptions of what it is like to learn about their cancer diagnosis and treatment.

The first activity will be a guided medical play opportunity that prompts the child to use actual medical equipment while taking care of a doll.

For the second activity, the child will be given a digital camera to use and a prompt that asks them to photograph things and individuals in the hospital that have helped them to learn about their diagnosis and treatment.

The third activity will be an open-ended art prompt in which the child will create an artistic representation of what it means to have cancer and get treatment.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Case study of the ways in which children with cancer learn about their diagnosis and treatment in the hospital setting [ Time Frame: Observations collected from diagnosis through 6 months ]
    Data will be collected during individual interviews, guided activity sessions, and observations of participant clinic appointments, inpatient admissions, and other medical events. Because there are no hypotheses to be tested or evaluated, and because this is a qualitative study, no statistical analyses will be used. Instead, coding and categorizing techniques will be used as are common in multiple case study designs. Data analysis in this study will occur constantly and simultaneously alongside data collection and interpretation. Data sources will be analyzed between and within participants using multiple case study analysis. Contextualizing analysis will be used to construct a thematic analysis.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   7 Years to 11 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Participants will be patients at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The child is between the ages of 7 and 11 years on the day of their initial arrival to the hospital
  • The child has a working diagnosis or initial diagnosis of a bone or soft tissue sarcoma that will require multimodal therapy to include chemotherapy, plus or minus surgical resection, plus or minus radiation therapy.
  • Both the child and parents speak English as their primary language
  • Parents are willing to give consent and child is willing to give assent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The child has a pre-existing, documented learning disability or cognitive impairment and has previously received learning accommodations under an individualized education plan (IEP).
  • The child has a pre-existing, documented diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (including autism and Asperger's disorder).
  • Child has previously received treatment for a cancer diagnosis either at St. Jude or another institution.
  • Parent and/or child are unwilling or unable to give consent/assent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02041689


Locations
United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jessika Boles, MEd St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02041689     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CASELEARN
First Posted: January 22, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 20, 2016
Last Verified: January 2016

Keywords provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:
Children
Cancer
Learning
Education
Qualitative