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Phase 2 Study of Alisertib (MLN8237) in Combination With Paclitaxel Versus Placebo in Combination With Paclitaxel as Second Line Therapy for Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02038647
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 16, 2014
Results First Posted : December 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 27, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. )

Brief Summary:
This is a two-arm, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, phase 2 study designed to is to determine if the combination treatment can improve progression free survival (defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of first documentation of disease progression or death, whichever occurs first) when compared with placebo + paclitaxel.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: Alisertib Drug: Placebo Drug: Paclitaxel Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The drug tested in this study is called alisertib. Alisertib is being tested to treat people who have Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC). This study determined the safety and efficacy for alisertib when given twice a day along with paclitaxel.

This open label study enrolled 178 patients. Participants were randomly assigned (by chance, like flipping a coin) to one of the two treatment groups—which remained undisclosed to the patient and study doctor during the study (unless there is an urgent medical need) and participants were stratified at baseline as to whether brain mets were present or not; whether they were sensitive to prior therapy or were relapsed/refractory to prior therapy; and by world region:

  • Alisertib 40 mg + Paclitaxel 60 mg/m^2
  • Paclitaxel 80 mg/m^2 + Placebo (dummy inactive pill) - this is a tablet that looks like the study drug but has no active ingredient

All participants received treatment until their disease progressed or they experienced unacceptable alisertib-related toxicity.

This multi-center trial was conducted world-wide. The overall time to participate in this study was approximately up to 22 months. Participants made multiple visits to the clinic, and were contacted by telephone every month for 6 months after the end of treatment (EOT) for follow-up assessment of progression free survival and for overall survival every 2 months until death, study closure, or 14 months after randomization of the last participant.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 178 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Phase 2 Clinical Trial of Alisertib (MLN8237) in Combination With Paclitaxel Versus Placebo in Combination With Paclitaxel as Second Line Therapy for Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC).
Actual Study Start Date : May 12, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 3, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : July 10, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer
Drug Information available for: Paclitaxel

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Alisertib (MLN8237) + Paclitaxel
Alisertib 40 mg, tablets, orally, twice a day, 3 days on/4 days off for 3 weeks on Days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17 in a 28-day cycle along with paclitaxel 60 mg/m^2 intravenously (IV) once a week for 3 weeks on Days 1, 8, and 15 in a 28-day until disease progression (Up to 17 Cycles).
Drug: Alisertib
Alisertib tablets
Other Name: MLN8237

Drug: Paclitaxel
Paclitaxel intravenous injection

Placebo Comparator: Placebo + Paclitaxel
Alisertib placebo-matching tablets, orally, twice a day, 3 days on/4 days off for 3 weeks on Days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17 in a 28-day cycle along with paclitaxel 80 mg/m^2 IV once a week for 3 weeks on Days 1, 8, and 15 in a 28-day cycle until disease progression (Up to 22 Cycles).
Drug: Placebo
Placebo matching tablets

Drug: Paclitaxel
Paclitaxel intravenous injection




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) as Determined by Investigator, Analyzed Using FDA Guidelines [ Time Frame: Every cycle for first 6 months and then every 2 months until disease progression or death or up to data cut-off: 03 January 2016 (approximately 22 months) ]
    PFS is defined as time in days from start of study treatment to first documentation of objective tumor progression based on Investigator's assessment or up to death due to any cause, whichever occurs first based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v 1.1. Progressive disease (PD) was defined as ≥20% increase in sum longest diameter (LD) in reference to the smallest on-study sum LD, or the appearance of new lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Experience at Least One Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From the first dose through 30 days after the last dose of study medication: data cut-off 03 January 2016 (Up to 10.8 months) ]
    An Adverse Event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in clinical investigation participant administered a drug; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with treatment. An AE can be any unfavorable and unintended sign (eg, clinically significant abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with use of drug, whether or not it is considered related to drug. A treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) is defined as an AE with an onset that occurs after receiving study drug. A Serious Adverse Event (SAE) is any experience that suggests significant hazard, contraindication, side effect or precaution that:results in death, is life-threatening, required in-patient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, is congenital anomaly/birth defect or is medically significant per National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Contact every 2 months after EOT/disease progression until the sooner of death, study closure, or 14 months after the last participant was randomized up to data cut-off: 3 January 2016 (approximately 22 months) ]
    OS was defined as the time in days from the date of randomization to the date of death due to any cause.

  3. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression, death or EOT up to data cut-off: 03 January 2016 (approximately 9.8 months) ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of participants who achieved CR or partial response (PR) as best response based on Investigator's assessment according to RECIST v 1.1. CR was defined as disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and (if applicable) normalization of tumor marker levels. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to < 10 mm. PR was defined as ≥ 30% decrease in sum of LD of target lesions in reference to Baseline sum LD.

  4. Complete Response Rate (CRR) [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression, death or EOT up to data cut-off: 03 January 2016 (approximately 9.8 months) ]
    CRR is defined as the percentage of participants who achieved CR as best response and based on Investigator's assessment according to RECIST v 1.1. CR was defined as disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and (if applicable) normalization of tumor marker levels. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to < 10 mm.

  5. Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Baseline until disease progression, death or EOT up to data cut-off: 03 January 2016 (approximately 9.8 months) ]
    DCR was defined as the percentage of participants who achieved CR, PR, or SD (when SD was a minimum of 8 weeks in duration). Duration of SD was defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of first documentation of disease progression for participants who achieved SD as their best overall response. CR was defined as disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and (if applicable) normalization of tumor marker levels. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to < 10 mm. PR was defined as ≥ 30% decrease in sum of LD of target lesions in reference to Baseline sum LD. PD was defined as ≥20% increase in sum LD in reference to the smallest on-study sum LD, or the appearance of new lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm.

  6. Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: From first documented response until disease progression until data cut-off 03 January 2016 (approximately 9.8 months) ]
    DOR was defined as the time from the date of first documentation of a PR or better to the date of first documentation of PD for responders. PR was defined as ≥ 30% decrease in sum of longest diameter (LD) of target lesions in reference to Baseline sum LD. PD was defined as ≥20% increase in sum LD in reference to the smallest on-study sum LD, or the appearance of new lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm.

  7. Change From Baseline in Symptom (QLQ-LC13 Cough Scale, QLQ-C30 Dyspnea Scale, QLQ-C30 Pain Scale) Score at Cycle 5 [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Cycle 5 (approximately 4.6 months) ]
    European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 is 30-item questionnaire with 5 functional scales (physical, role, emotional, cognitive, and social), 1 global health status scale, 3 symptom scales (fatigue, nausea, vomiting and pain), 6 single items (dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea, and financial difficulties). Most questions use 4-point scale (1 'Not at all' to 4 'Very much'; 2 questions use 7-point scale (1=very poor - 7=Excellent). Total Score=0-100 scale; for 5 functional scales and global quality-of-life scale, a higher score=a better level of functioning. For symptoms scale, higher score= higher level of symptoms. EORTC QLQ-LC13 is considered as standard instrument to assess the quality of life (QL) of lung cancer participants. Total Score=0-100. Higher score=increase in level of symptomatology. The change between (QLQ-LC13 Cough Scale, QLQ-C30 Dyspnea Scale, QLQ-C30 Pain Scale) score collected at Cycle 5 relative to baseline.

  8. Percentage of Participants Experiencing Symptom Relief [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Cycle 11, data cut-off: 03 January 2016 (approximately 9.8 months) ]
    Percentage of participants experiencing symptom relief, including coughing relief, dyspnea relief, and pain relief. Coughing relief is defined as a decrease from baseline ≥ 10 in QLQ-LC13 cough scale/item score. Dyspnea relief is defined as a decrease from baseline ≥ 10 in QLQ-C30 dyspnea scale/item score. Pain relief is defined as a decrease from baseline ≥ 10 in QLQ-C30 pain scale score. EORTC QLQ-C30 is 30-item questionnaire with 5 functional scales, 1 global health status scale, 3 symptom scales, 6 single items. Total Score=0-100 scale; for 5 functional scales and global quality-of-life scale, a higher score=a better level of functioning. For symptoms scale, higher score= higher level of symptoms. EORTC QLQ-LC13 is considered as standard instrument to assess the QL of lung cancer participants. Total Score=0-100. Higher score=increase in level of symptomatology.

  9. Time to Symptom Relief [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Cycle 11, data cut-off: 03 January 2016 (approximately 9.8 months) ]
    Time to symptom (coughing/dyspnea/pain) relief was defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of first detection of coughing/dyspnea/pain relief, respectively.

  10. Time to Symptom Progression [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Cycle 11, data cut-off: 03 January 2016 (approximately 9.8 months) ]
    Time to coughing/dyspnea/pain progression was defined as time from the date of randomization to date of first detection of progression. Coughing progression was defined as increase from baseline ≥10 in QLQ-LC13 cough scale/item score. Dyspnea progression was defined as increase from baseline ≥10 in QLQ-C30 dyspnea scale/item score. Pain progression was defined as increase from baseline ≥10 in QLQ-C30 pain scale score. EORTC QLQ-C30 is 30-item questionnaire with 5 functional scales (physical, role, emotional, cognitive, and social), 1 global health status scale, 3 symptom scales (fatigue, nausea, vomiting and pain), 6 single items (dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea, and financial difficulties). The QLQ-LC13 is 13-item scale for assessing treatment-specific symptoms in lung cancer. Total Score= 0-100 scale; for 5 functional scales and global quality-of-life scale, higher score=better level of functioning. For symptoms scale, higher score=higher level of symptoms.

  11. Observed Plasma Concentration for Alisertib [ Time Frame: Day 1 pre-dose and 1, 2-4, 3-6, 10-11 hours post-dose; Day 8, 2 hours post-dose; Day 15, 6-9 hours (hrs) post-dose ]
  12. Observed Plasma Concentration for Paclitaxel [ Time Frame: Day 1 pre-dose and 1, 2-4, 3-6, 10-11 hours post-dose; Day 8, 2 hours post-dose; Day 15, 6-9 hours post-dose ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Biomarker Correlative Studies Including Circulating Tumor Cells and Circulating DNA Assessments [ Time Frame: Day 1 cycle 1 in a 28-day cycle ]
  2. Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL ) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Cycle 11, data cut-off: 03 January 2016 (approximately 9.8 months) ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Each participant must meet all the following inclusion criteria to be enrolled in the study:

  1. Male or female participants ≥ 18 years old.
  2. Have a pathologically (histology or cytology) confirmed diagnosis of SCLC.
  3. Have received and progressed after a platinum-based standard chemotherapy regimen for first line treatment of SCLC, either limited stage (LS) or extensive stage (ES).
  4. Have measurable disease within ≤ 2 weeks before randomization. Clear radiographic evidence of disease progression after initial therapy should have been documented.
  5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0 or 1 (PS 0-1).
  6. Participants with treated brain metastases (surgery, whole or stereotactic brain radiation) are allowed provided the lesions have been stable for at least 2 weeks and the participant is off steroids or is on a stable dose of steroids. Participants should be without neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurological and/or other AEs.

Exclusion Criteria

Participants meeting any of the following exclusion criteria are not to be randomized to treatment:

  1. Any prior therapy for second-line treatment of SCLC.
  2. Participants who relapsed ≥ 180 days after their response to first-line treatment.
  3. Prior treatment with an Aurora A specific-targeted or pan-Aurora-targeted agent, including alisertib, or any other investigational agent.
  4. Prior treatment with paclitaxel or any other taxane agent.
  5. Known hypersensitivity to Cremophor® EL, paclitaxel, or its components.
  6. Any comorbid condition or unresolved toxicity that would preclude administration of alisertib or weekly paclitaxel.
  7. Prior history of ≥ Grade 2 neurotoxicity that is not resolved to ≤ Grade 1.
  8. Participants with symptomatic and/or progressive brain metastases or with carcinomatous meningitis.
  9. Treatment with clinically significant enzyme inducers within 14 days prior to the first dose of alisertib and during study conduct. Major prohibited enzyme inducers include: phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, and St. John's wort.
  10. Inability to swallow alisertib or other orally administered medications.
  11. Requirement for administration of proton pump inhibitor (PPI), H2 antagonist, or pancreatic enzymes.
  12. Diagnosed with or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before the first dose of study drug, or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease.
  13. Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition(s) per protocol.
  14. History of myocardial infarction, unstable symptomatic ischemic heart disease, uncontrolled hypertension despite appropriate medical therapy, any ongoing cardiac arrhythmias of Grade > 2, thromboembolic events (eg, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or symptomatic cerebrovascular events), or any other cardiac condition (eg, pericardial effusion or restrictive cardiomyopathy) within 6 months before receiving the first dose of study drug.
  15. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B or hepatitis C.
  16. Surgery within 3 weeks (or 2 weeks for a minor surgery) before study enrollment and not fully recovered to baseline or to a stable clinical status.
  17. Participants who are pregnant, lactating, or do not agree to use effective methods of contraception during the study treatment period through 6 months after the last dose of study drug per protocol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02038647


  Show 61 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Clinical Science Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

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Responsible Party: Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02038647     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C14018
2013-003713-18 ( EudraCT Number )
U1111-1154-9805 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
DRKS00007849 ( Registry Identifier: DRKS )
First Posted: January 16, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 27, 2018
Last Update Posted: December 27, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ):
Drug therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action