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A Study to Characterise Immune Responses Following Immunisations With "Fendrix" or "Engerix B" Hepatitis B Vaccines

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02032160
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 9, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 8, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Surrey

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to generate an exploratory training set of data and to identify predictive biomarkers (a measurable biological response that predicts something) of innate and adaptive responses to immunisation of two vaccines utilizing different adjuvant technology given according to approved schedules to healthy adult volunteers. The vaccines are model agents selected as they match antigens but have discordant adjuvants, have a known immunogenicity profile, assays are freely available to measure responses, and they are safe to administer to healthy adults at the doses and schedules proposed. This study will strive to correlate biomarker activity with observed immunological responses to vaccination and if successful, these biomarkers could be used in early stage clinical trials to optimize selection of vaccine candidates with a profile that will be most likely to be effective once they are in generalized use.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatitis B Biological: Engerix B IM injection - 20ug Biological: Fendrix IM injection - 20ug Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to generate an exploratory training set of data and to identify predictive biomarkers (a measurable biological response that predicts something) of innate and adaptive responses to immunisation of two vaccines utilizing different adjuvant technology given according to approved schedules to healthy adult volunteers. The vaccines are model agents selected as they match antigens but have discordant adjuvants, have a known immunogenicity profile, assays are freely available to measure responses, and they are safe to administer to healthy adults at the doses and schedules proposed. This study will strive to correlate biomarker activity with observed immunological responses to vaccination and if successful, these biomarkers could be used in early stage clinical trials to optimize selection of vaccine candidates with a profile that will be most likely to be effective once they are in generalized use.

In this study, 15 subjects per vaccine will be recruited to receive immunization with one of two hepatitis B vaccines, Engerix B or Fendrix, representing exactly matched antigens (hepatitis B surface antigen) but discordant adjuvant technologies. Following a screening visit, subjects will be randomly allocated to receive three doses of a vaccine at 0, 1 and 2 months. Innate immune responses (cytokine levels and whole blood gene expression) after doses #1 and #3 and adaptive immune responses (serum antibody and antigen specific cellular responses) will be measured at various timepoints after immunisation on an outpatient basis.

The study is funded by ADITEC, which is a collaborative research programme that aims to accelerate the development of novel and powerful immunisation technologies for the next generation of human vaccines.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Study to Generate Exploratory Training Data Characterising Innate/ Adaptive Immune Responses Following 1st & 3rd Intra-muscular Immunisations With Fendrix/Engerix B Vaccines in Healthy Adult Males With no Pre-existing Immunity to Hep B
Study Start Date : May 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Engerix B
Engerix B IM injection - 20ug At 0, 1 and 6 months
Biological: Engerix B IM injection - 20ug
Engerix B IM injection - 20ug At 0, 1 and 6 months

Experimental: Fendrix
Fendrix IM injection - 20ug At 0, 1 and 6 months
Biological: Fendrix IM injection - 20ug
Fendrix IM injection - 20ug At 0, 1 and 6 months




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from pre-immunisation baseline values in global gene expression measured on whole blood samples. [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from pre-immunisation baseline values in serum anti-hepatitis B IgG (immunoglobulin G) titre in serum samples. [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change from pre-immunisation baseline values in metabolic gene expression and pathway activation measured on whole blood samples. [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ]
  2. Change from pre-immunisation baseline values in concentration of selected cytokines and acute phase proteins in serum samples. [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ]
  3. Change from pre-immunisation baseline values in PBMC (peripheral blood mononuclear cell) cytokine secretion, proliferation or surface markers in response to in vitro antigen stimulation. [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ]
  4. Fold increase in serum hepatitis B IgG titre [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ]
  5. Correlations in changes in innate immune activation with adaptive immune responses [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Healthy male subjects aged 18-55 years inclusive
  2. The subject is, in the opinion of the investigator, healthy on the basis of a physical examination, medical history, blood results, vital signs, with no active disease process that could interfere with the study endpoints.
  3. The subject is able to read and understand the Informed Consent Form (ICF), and understand study procedures.
  4. The subject has signed the ICF.
  5. The subject has not previously received a vaccine for Hepatitis B or contracted Hepatitis B infection.
  6. The subject is seronegative to Hepatitis B as confirmed at screening by assessments of sAb, sAg, and cAb.
  7. Seronegative for HIV 1 & 2 antibodies and hepatitis C antibodies at screening.
  8. Available for follow-up for the duration of the study.
  9. Agree to abstain from donating blood during and for three months after the end of their participation in the study, or longer if necessary.
  10. Visa long enough allowing them to complete the study (if applicable).
  11. The subject has venous access sufficient to allow blood sampling as per the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccines (excipients: sodium chloride, disodium phosphate dehydrate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate; adjuvants: aluminium phosphate, AS04C, aluminium hydroxide; Hepatitis B antigen produced in yeast cells) or subjects who have exhibited hypersensitivity to any other Hepatitis B vaccine, or a history of any allergy that in the opinion of the investigator would contraindicate subject participation.
  2. Presence of primary or acquired immunodeficiency states with a total lymphocyte count less than 1,200 per mm3 or presenting other evidence of lack of cellular immune competence e.g. leukaemias, lymphomas, blood dyscrasias, or patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy (including regular use of oral, inhaled, topical or parenteral corticosteroids).
  3. Use of any immune suppressing or immunomodulating drugs within 6 months of Visit 1 (screening).
  4. Regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (by any route of administration including topical) within 6 months of Visit 1 (screening) considered by the study physician as likely to interfere with immune responses.
  5. Receipt of a vaccine within 30 days of visit 2. Other vaccines (e.g. for travel) may be administered between visit 13 and 14 only.
  6. Currently participating in another clinical study with an investigational or non-investigational drug or device, or has participated in a clinical study within the 3 months preceding Visit 1.
  7. Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, compromises the subject's ability to meet protocol requirements or to complete the study.
  8. Receipt of blood products or immunoglobin, or blood donation, within 3 months of screening.
  9. Unable to read and speak English to a fluency level adequate for the full comprehension of procedures required in participation and consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02032160


Locations
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United Kingdom
Surrey Clinical Research Centre
Guildford, Surrey, United Kingdom, Gu2 7XP
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Surrey
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: David JM Lewis, MD University of Surrey

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Responsible Party: University of Surrey
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02032160    
Other Study ID Numbers: CRC306B
First Posted: January 9, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 8, 2016
Last Verified: February 2016
Keywords provided by University of Surrey:
ADITEC
Immunology
Vaccines
Hepatitis B
Investigational study
innate and adaptive immune responses
Hepatitis B vaccinations
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs