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Optimising Operational Use of Artemether-lumefantrine Comparing 3 Day Versus 5 Day (AL3vs5)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02020330
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 24, 2013
Last Update Posted : September 20, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Oxford

Brief Summary:
This is a randomised two arm study, comparing artemether-lumefantrine 3 days and 5 days treatment. Patients will be randomised in blocks of ten to one of the two treatment arms. The standard regimen is twice daily for three days with a delay of at least eight hours between the first and second doses. A single of primaquine will be given to all patients on the first day of treatment for gametocytocidal activity. The initial treatment will be given under supervision, all other subsequent doses will be given to the patient to the taken at home. Patients will be followed up for nine visits over forty two days.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Plasmodium Falciparum Infection Drug: Artemether-lumefantrine 3 days Drug: Artemether-lumefantrine 5 days Phase 3

Detailed Description:
  • The study will be conducted in 6 village health centres in the Mon and Kayin states
  • The patient or parent/guardian (in case of minor or under aged) must personally sign and date the latest approved version of the informed consent form before any study specific procedures are performed
  • A case record form will be completed for each patient documenting symptoms prior to clinic attendance, concomitant illness, drug history. Height, weight, vital signs and physical examination findings will be recorded.
  • At enrolment (D0) all patients will have the following samples taken:

    • Repeat parasite count (thick and thin films). Treatment should be started without waiting for the result.
    • Filter paper blood blots (3 dots on Whatman 3MM filter paper approx 180-300 µL blood) for parasite genotyping (MSP1, MSP2, GLURP in case of recurrence during follow-up)
    • Haemoglobin
  • Laboratory procedures

    • Slide microscopy: Thick and thin blood films stained with Giemsa will be read and counts expressed as the number of parasites per 500 white blood cells
    • Molecular studies: The samples will be used to detect asexual parasites (blood smear, sensitive PCR), parasite population structure (Sequenom genotyping and sequencing), gametocytes (microscopy). The samples will be stored in a cool box and kept maximum 5 days in the field and will be transported to the local laboratory for processing. Plasma and buffy coat will be separated, frozen and stored. The frozen packed red cells will be transported to the molecular laboratory at MORU, Bangkok, Thailand, for sample processing (DNA extraction, quantitative PCRs).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness and Safety of a 3 Day Versus 5 Day Course of Artemether-lumefantrine for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Myanmar
Actual Study Start Date : November 25, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 4, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : March 25, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: AL3days
Artemether-lumefantrine 3 days
Drug: Artemether-lumefantrine 3 days
One tablet contains 20mg artemether and 120mg lumefantrine. The standard regimen is twice daily for 3 days with a delay of at least 8 hours between the first and second dose. It is dosed by weight categories. One gram of fish oil will be given to half of the participants in the 3 days arm.
Other Name: Coartem®, Novatis, Switzerland

Experimental: AL5days
Artemether-lumefantrine 5 days
Drug: Artemether-lumefantrine 5 days
One tablet contains 20mg artemether and 120mg lumefantrine. The experiment regimen is twice daily for 5 days with a delay of at least 8 hours between the first and second dose. It is dosed by weight categories. One gram of fish oil will be given to half of the participants in the 5 days arm.
Other Name: Coartem®, Novartis, Switzerland




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. proportion of patients with detectable parasitaemia [ Time Frame: On day 5 and day 7 ]
    Assessed by sensitive PCR on days 5 and 7 after treatment


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Parasitaemia clearance time [ Time Frame: On day 3 and Day 5 ]
    Assessed by sensitive PCR on D3 in the 3 day arm and D5 in the 5 day arm

  2. Gametocyte carriage rates [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
  3. artemether-lumefantrine tolerability [ Time Frame: 5 days ]
    Tolerability of artemether-lumefantrine will be assessed by comparing the proportion of patients with anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and other symptoms of administration between the intervention arm and the control arm

  4. Comparison of effectiveness [ Time Frame: Day 42 ]
    Comparison of effectiveness uncorrected and corrected will be assessed by PCR genotyping

  5. concentrations of lumefantrine [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
  6. Haematological recovery rate [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    Assessed by comparing hemoglobin between baseline and after treatment at day 28

  7. Incidence of vivax malaria relapses [ Time Frame: 42 days ]
    Assessed by the microscopist find malaria smear positive within the follow up period

  8. Comparison of addition of food supplement (fish oil) [ Time Frame: day 3 to day 21 ]
    Assessed by comparing lumefantrine concentration on day 7 and proportion of patients with detectable parasitaemia by qPCR



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥ 6 year
  2. Symptomatic malaria infection, i.e. history of fever or presence of fever >37.5°C
  3. Microscopic confirmation of asexual stages of P. falciparum (may be mixed with non-falciparum species) with parasitaemia PFT≥5/500 WBC
  4. Written informed consent given to participate in the trial

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnancy or lactation (urine test for β HCG to be performed on any woman of child bearing age unless menstruating).
  2. Female of 12 to 18 years of age
  3. P. falciparum asexual stage parasitaemia greater than or equal to 4% red blood cells (175,000/µL).
  4. Signs or symptoms indicative of severe malaria including:

    • Impaired consciousness (Blantyre Coma Score <5 or Glasgow Coma Scale <15)
    • Severe anaemia (Hb% <5 mg/dl)
    • Bleeding disorder -evidenced by epistaxis, bleeding gums, frank haematuria, bleeding from venepuncture sites
    • Respiratory distress
    • Severe jaundice
    • Haemodynamic shock
  5. A full course of artemether-lumefantrine treatment in the previous 28 days
  6. Known hypersensitivity to artemisinins - defined as history of erythroderma/other severe cutaneous reaction, angioedema or anaphylaxis
  7. History of splenectomy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02020330


Locations
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Myanmar
Medical Action Myanmar
Yangon, Myanmar
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Oxford
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Frank Smithuis, MD Myanmar Oxford Clinical Research Unit

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02020330     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MOCRU1301
First Posted: December 24, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 20, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018

Keywords provided by University of Oxford:
falciparum, malaria

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lumefantrine
Artemether
Artemether, Lumefantrine Drug Combination
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents