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A Phase 2 Study of the MET Kinase Inhibitor INC280 in Papillary Renal Cell Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02019693
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 24, 2013
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:


  • Papillary RCC is the second most common histologic subtype of kidney cancer, accounting for approximately 10-15% of cases
  • Type 1 papillary RCC occurs in both sporadic and hereditary forms, which are histologically identical. Non familial type 1 papillary RCC can present as both solitary renal tumors and as bilateral, multifocal disease
  • There are no standard agents of proven efficacy for patients with advanced papillary


  • Patients with disease localized to the kidney are managed surgically while patients with advanced/unresectable disease are usually managed in the community with VEGF pathway antagonists or mTOR inhibitors.
  • Activating mutations of MET were identified in the germline of affected HPRC patients, who have a predilection for the development of bilateral, multifocal type 1 papillary RCC. Somatic MET mutations have been found in a subset of patients with non-inherited, sporadic papillary renal carcinoma
  • The investigational agent INC280 is a selective MET inhibitor lacking activity against the VEGF pathway
  • This is a proof-of-concept study using INC280 in patients with papillary RCC to test the idea that effectively blocking the HGF/MET pathway will lead to clinical activity in patients with papillary renal cell cancer


Primary Objective:

-To determine the overall response rate (RECIST 1.1) in patients with papillary renal cell carcinoma treated with single agent INC280


  • Diagnosis of hereditary papillary renal carcinoma (HPRC) or sporadic papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC)

    • Patients with bilateral multifocal disease can have tumors localized to the kidney or have metastatic disease
    • Patients with sporadic papillary RCC (but without multifocal disease) should have advanced disease that is considered unresectable
  • ECOG 0-2
  • Measurable disease
  • Adequate organ function
  • No active brain metastases
  • Prior therapy

    • No more than 3 prior lines of systemic therapy
    • Prior therapy with a MET inhibitor is allowed as long as the patient has not had progressive disease while receiving the agent


  • This is a phase 2 single center non-randomized trial.
  • The study will be conducted using a Simon 2 stage minimax design. Initially 13 evaluable subjects will be recruited. If there are no responses to therapy, the study will be terminated. If there is at least 1 response an additional 7 evaluable subjects will be accrued.
  • The two-stage minimax design is based on assuming an ineffective response rate of 5% and a targeted effective response rate of 25%. We also assume that the probability of accepting an ineffective treatment and the probability of rejecting an effective treatment are each 10%.
  • Subjects will be dosed orally at a starting dose of 600 mg twice daily.
  • The overall response rate (complete response + partial response) will be determined.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Cancer Drug: INC280 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of the MET Kinase Inhibitor INC280 in Papillary Renal Cell Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : January 24, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 17, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : December 17, 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1/Single arm
INC280 400 mg twice every day by mouth, continuously
Drug: INC280
Supplied by Novartis as film-coated tablet for oral use.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: 4-5 years ]
    Proportion of patients whose tumors shrink after therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed papillary RCC.

  1. Patients with bilateral multifocal disease can have tumors localized to the kidney or have metastatic disease
  2. Patients with sporadic papillary RCC (but without multifocal disease) should have advanced disease that is considered unresectable Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for nonnodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions). Nodal lesions must be (Bullet) 15mm by CT scan or MRI. Non nodal lesions must be >10 mm with CT scan or MRI. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

  • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL (SI Units: 90 g/L)
  • Platelet count greater than or equal to 75 x 10 (9)/L
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1.5 x 10(9)/L without growth factor support
  • Total bilirubin less than or equal to 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST/SGOT and/or ALT/SGPT less than or equal to 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN
  • Asymptomatic serum amylase less than or equal to 2 x ULN; patients with > ULN but less than or equal to 2 x ULN serum amylase at study start must be confirmed to have no signs and/or symptoms suggestion pancreatitis or pancreatic injury ( e.g. elevated P-amylase, abnormal imaging findings of pancreas, etc.)
  • Serum lipase less than or equal to ULN
  • Fasting serum triglyceride level less than or equal to 500 mg/dL Patients may have had no more than 3 prior lines of systemic therapy. Prior therapy with a MET inhibitor is allowed as long as the patient has not had progressive disease while receiving the agent Patient must be able to swallow and retain oral medication Age greater than or equal to18 years. ECOG performance status 0 - 2. Patients must provide written informed consent prior to any study procedures. Patients must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan and laboratory tests

EXCLUSION CRITERIA Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents for treatment of their kidney cancer. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to INC280. Excipients in the current formulation include microcrystalline cellulose, mannitol, sodium starch glycolate, magnesium stearate and colloidal silicon dioxide Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or potentially affect the interpretation of study data. Subjects with significant or uncontrolled cardiovascular disease (e.g., uncontrolled hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmia, or acute coronary syndrome) within 6 months prior to starting study treatment or heart attack within 12 months prior to starting study treatment Patients receiving any medications that are known to be strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4, or sensitive substrates of CYP3A4, CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C9, CYP2C19 or P-gp with a narrow therapeutic index. Symptomatic CNS metastases that are neurologically unstable or requiring > 5 mg/day of dexamethasone (or equivalent) to control CNS disease.

Note: Patients with controlled CNS metastases are allowed. Radiotherapy or surgery for CNS metastases must have been completed >2 weeks prior to study entry. Patients must be neurologically stable, having no new neurologic deficits on clinical examination, and no new findings on CNS imaging. Steroid use for management of CNS metastases must be at a stable dose for two weeks preceding study entry. Patients with greater than or equal to Grade 2 neuropathy. Treatment with proton pump inhibitors within 3 days prior to study entry. If continued use of GI prophylaxis is required, the patient will be switched to an appropriate H2 antagonist with appropriate counsel and caution. Currently receiving any prohibited medications including vitamins and herbal Supplements. Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to initiating treatment, excluding the placement of vascular access. The subject has not recovered to baseline, CTCAE less than or equal to Grade 1 from toxicity due to all prior therapies for RCC or to a level permitted under other sections of the eligibility criteria except alopecia and other non-clinically significant AEs. Any other condition that would, in the Investigator s judgment, contraindicate participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns or compliance with clinical study procedures, e.g., infection/inflammation, intestinal obstruction, unable to swallow medication, social/ psychological issues, etc. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test (> 30 mIU/mL). Laboratory values >5 mIU/mL, but <30 mIU/mL should be repeated in 48 hours. Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for 3 month days after stopping study drug. Highly effective contraception methods include:

  • Total abstinence or
  • Male or female sterilization or
  • Combination of any two of the following (a+b or a+c or b+c):

    1. Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception
    2. Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)
    3. Barrier methods of contraception: condom or occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential. Sexually active males must use a condom during intercourse while taking the drug and for 3 months after stopping study drug and should not father a child in this period. A condom is required to be used also by vasectomized men in order to prevent delivery of the drug via seminal fluid. HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with INC280. Prior invasive malignancy of other histology currently requiring treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02019693

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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Ramaprasad Srinivasan, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02019693    
Other Study ID Numbers: 140037
First Posted: December 24, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 21, 2021
Last Verified: December 17, 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Hereditary Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma
VEGF Pathway
mTOR Inhibitor
Kidney Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Kidney Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases