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Trial record 1 of 2 for:    SGS-742
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Phase 2 Clinical Trial of SGS-742 Therapy in Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02019667
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 24, 2013
Results First Posted : February 24, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 24, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) )

Brief Summary:

Objective:

To perform a clinical trial assessing the safety, tolerability and efficacy of the GABA(B) receptor antagonist SGS-742 in patients with SSADH deficiency.

Study Population:

Twenty-two children and adults with SSADH deficiency.

Design:

Double-blind, cross-over, phase II clinical trial.

Outcome Measures:

The primary outcome measures for drug efficacy will be performance on neuropsychological testing and responses to parent questionnaire. The secondary outcome measure will be TMS parameters of cortical excitation and inhibition. The outcome measures for safety will include clinical examination and neuropsychological tests.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metabolic Disease Seizures Drug: SGS-742 Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Objective:

To perform a clinical trial assessing the safety, tolerability and efficacy of the GABA(B) receptor antagonist SGS-742 in patients with SSADH deficiency.

Study Population:

Twenty-two children and adults with SSADH deficiency.

Design:

Double-blind, cross-over, phase II clinical trial. SGS-742 is a GABA (B) receptor antagonist that has shown to be safe and well-tolerated in clinical trials in adults with cognitive impairment. In addition, preliminary data in the SSADH knockout mouse model suggest efficacy in this specific syndrome. The primary outcome measure will be a change in the Auditory Comprehension subtest of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery Language Module score; the secondary outcome measure will be a change in cortical excitation and inhibition measured by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Additional evaluations will include neurological and neuropsychological examinations, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and CSF collection to measure GABA levels. The trial will have a baseline phase in which each patient will undergo a neurological examination and a neuropsychological evaluation. During the subsequent treatment phase, patients will be randomized to SGS-742, supplied by IRIX Pharmaceuticals, and based on weight given a maximum tolerated dose not to exceed 600 mg t.i.d. orally, or placebo, each for 6 months. Patients will then have repeat TMS, neurological and neuropsychological evaluations, followed by cross-over to the alternate treatment arm, and re-evaluation after 6 months.

Outcome Measures:

The primary outcome measures for drug efficacy will be performance on neuropsychological testing and responses to parent questionnaire. The secondary outcome measure will be TMS parameters of cortical excitation and inhibition. The outcome measures for safety will include clinical examination and neuropsychological tests.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 19 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2 Clinical Trial of SGS-742 Therapy in Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency
Actual Study Start Date : March 31, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 31, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : April 3, 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Placebo
Participants with SSADH Deficiency when on placebo for six months
Drug: Placebo
Experimental: Study Drug
Participants with SSADH Deficiency receiving SGS-742 when on study drug for six months
Drug: SGS-742



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline on the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System (ABAS) Test at the End of the Study Drug and Placebo Treatment Periods [ Time Frame: baseline and six months ]
    The ABAS questionnaire was completed by the participant's parent or caregiver at the end of each six month treatment period.The ABAS provides a comprehensive picture of adaptive skills across the lifespan. The questionnaire addresses Conceptual, Social and Practical skills including communication, self-direction, use of leisure time, health, safety and self-care. The General Adaptive Composite score ranges from <40 to >160 with a lower score representing lower adaptive behavior. The difference between Placebo and Baseline and Study Drug and Baseline were obtained. These values were averaged across individuals to report a mean and a standard deviation of the baseline-to-treatment period change. The means for each treatment can be compared to have a baseline-adjusted treatment effect interpretation. A positive change represents an improvement in adaptive skills compared with baseline and a negative change represents a decline in adaptive skills compared with baseline.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline of TMS Measurement of Motor Threshold at the End of the Study Drug and Placebo Treatment Periods [ Time Frame: Baseline and Six months ]
    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique which applies magnetic pulses to the brain via a coil inducing an electrical current in the brain. Stimulation is typically applied at a sufficient intensity to trigger action potentials in nearby neurons. The motor threshold is defined as the minimum percentage of the stimulator output that evoked a motor evoked potential of more than 50µV in at least 5 out of 10 trials. Motor threshold was measured at the end of the study drug period and the end of the Placebo period. The differences between Placebo and Baseline, and SGS and Baseline were obtained. A decrease from baseline value indicates increased cortical excitability and an increase from baseline value indicates reduced cortical excitability. These values were averaged across individuals to report a mean and standard deviation of this baseline-to-treatment period change. The mean for each treatment can be compared to have a baseline-adjusted treatment effect.

  2. Change From Baseline of TMS Measurement of Intracortical Facilitation at the End of the Study Drug and Placebo Treatment Periods [ Time Frame: Baseline and Six months ]
    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique which applies magnetic pulses to the brain via a coil inducing an electrical current in the brain. Stimulation is typically applied at a sufficient intensity to trigger action potentials in nearby neurons. Intracortical facilitation (ICF) and inhibition (ICI) were studied using a paired stimulus paradigm. The motor threshold (MT) was first established. The conditioning stimulus (70% MT) followed by the test stimulus (120% MT) was delivered at an interstimulus interval (ISI) of 10 ms for ICF. Each run consisted of 10 trials, and the amplitude ratio of the mean conditioned Motor Evoked Potential (MEP) to control MEP was determined. A larger amplitude ratio indicates greater cortical excitability. The differences between Placebo and Baseline, and SGS and Baseline were obtained. These values were averaged across individuals to report a mean.

  3. Change From Baseline of TMS Measurement of Short Interval Intracortical Inhibition (Short ICI) at the End of the Study Drug and Placebo Treatment Periods [ Time Frame: Baseline and Six months ]
    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique which applies magnetic pulses to the brain via a coil inducing an electrical current in the brain. Stimulation is typically applied at a sufficient intensity to trigger action potentials in nearby neurons. Intracortical facilitation and inhibition were studied using a paired stimulus paradigm. The motor threshold (MT) was first established. The conditioning stimulus (70% MT) followed by the test stimulus (120% MT) was delivered at an interstimulus interval (ISI) of 2 ms for short ICI. Each run consisted of 10 trials, and the amplitude ratio of the mean conditioned Motor Evoked Potential (MEP) to control MEP was determined. A larger amplitude ratio indicates greater cortical excitability. The differences between Placebo and Baseline, and SGS and Baseline were obtained. These values were averaged across individuals to report a mean.

  4. Change From Baseline of TMS Measurement of Long Interval Intracortical Inhibition (Long ICI) at the End of the Study Drug and Placebo Treatment Periods [ Time Frame: Baseline and Six months ]
    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique which applies magnetic pulses to the brain via a coil inducing an electrical current in the brain. Stimulation is typically applied at a sufficient intensity to trigger action potentials in nearby neurons.Intracortical facilitation and inhibition were studied using a paired stimulus paradigm. The motor threshold (MT) was first established. The conditioning stimulus (70% MT) followed by the test stimulus (120% MT) was delivered at 100 ms for long ICI. Each run consisted of 10 trials, and the amplitude ratio of the mean conditioned Motor Evoked Potential (MEP) to control MEP was determined. A larger amplitude ratio indicates greater cortical excitability. The differences between Placebo and Baseline, and SGS and Baseline were obtained. These values were averaged across individuals to report a mean.

  5. Results of Physical Examination at the End of the Study Drug and Placebo Treatment Periods [ Time Frame: Six months ]
    A physical examination was administered by a physician to subjects at the end of each six month treatment period, i.e., following completion of a six month period on SGS-742 or Placebo. Results of the examination ranged from 0-4 with scores defined as follows: 0=No observation; 1=Stable baseline findings; 2=New asymptomatic finding; 3=Patient reports some worsening of a baseline daily function associated with new finding; 4=Patient unable to carry out a baseline daily function associated with new finding



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA
  • Aged 4 years or older
  • 4-hydroxybutyric aciduria (gamma-hydroxybutyric aciduria) on two separate tests
  • Documented succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase enzyme deficiency
  • Patients must have clinical features consistent with SSADH deficiency including developmental delay especially deficit in expressive language, hypotonia, ataxia, seizures, and other neuropsychiatric symptoms including sleep disturbances , attention deficit, anxiety, obsessivecompulsive disorder, and autistic traits
  • During the study, women of child-bearing potential must use a reliable method of birth control until one month after the final drug taper is complete.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

  • Current alcohol use (>14 drinks/wk in men and >7 drinks/wk in women or or recreational drug use
  • Contraindications to MRI: metal in the body including pacemakers, medication pumps, aneurysm clips, metallic prostheses (including metal pins and rods, heart valves or cochlear implants), shrapnel fragments, permanent eye liner or small metal fragments in the eye that welders and other metal workers may have
  • Claustrophobia
  • Cannot lie comfortably flat on the back for up to 2h in the MRI scanner
  • Patients with a history of other major medical disorders with clinical fluctuations, or requiring therapy that might affect study participation or drug response such as severe depression or psychoses, renal or hepatic disease.
  • Patients requiring treatment with drugs known to affect the GABAergic system, including vigabatrin and benzodiazepines.
  • Pregnant and lactating women

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02019667


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
United States, Washington
Washington State University
Pullman, Washington, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Sara K Inati, M.D. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) ):
Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02019667    
Other Study ID Numbers: 140033
14-N-0033 ( Other Identifier: NIH )
First Posted: December 24, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 24, 2020
Last Update Posted: February 24, 2020
Last Verified: October 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) ):
GABA
Seizures
Neurotransmitters
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Seizures
Metabolic Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
(3-aminopropyl)(n-butyl)phosphinic acid
Neuroprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
GABA Antagonists
GABA Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action