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A Study of Pertuzumab and Trastuzumab Subcutaneous (SC) Treatment in Combination With a Taxane in Participants With Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer (SAPPHIRE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02019277
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 24, 2013
Results First Posted : July 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche

Brief Summary:
This open-label, multicenter, Phase IIIb study will assess the safety, tolerability and efficacy of a combination therapy of intravenous (IV) pertuzumab (Perjeta), trastuzumab (Herceptin) SC, and taxane chemotherapy (docetaxel, paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel) as first-line therapy in participants with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (mBC). All participants will be treated with 3-week cycles of pertuzumab IV (840 milligrams [mg] first dose; subsequent doses of 420 mg) and trastuzumab SC (600 milligrams [mg]). The taxane treatment regimen will be determined by the investigator. Participants will continue therapy until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or the participant withdraws consent, whichever occurs first.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Docetaxel Drug: Nab-paclitaxel Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Pertuzumab Drug: Trastuzumab Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label, Multicentre, Phase IIIb Study With Intravenous Administration of Pertuzumab, Subcutaneous Trastuzumab, and a Taxane in Patients With HER2-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : December 5, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 4, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : November 4, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Trastuzumab SC, Pertuzumab, and Taxane
Participants will receive pertuzumab, trastuzumab and a taxane (docetaxel, paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel) once every 3 weeks (21-day cycles). Choice of taxane will be at the discretion of the investigator and administered per routine clinical practices and local prescribing instructions.
Drug: Docetaxel
Dosing regimen to be determined by the investigator, routine clinical practices.

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
Dosing regimen to be determined by the investigator, routine clinical practices.

Drug: Paclitaxel
Dosing regimen to be determined by the investigator, routine clinical practices.

Drug: Pertuzumab
Pertuzumab will be administered on Day 1 of the first treatment cycle as a loading dose of 840 mg, followed by 420 mg as an IV infusion every 3 weeks.
Other Name: Perjeta

Drug: Trastuzumab
Trastuzumab will be administered at a fixed dose of 600 mg SC every 3 weeks.
Other Name: Herceptin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious AEs [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 28 days after last study drug administration (up to 36 months) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. An SAE was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly. Percentage of participants with AEs and SAEs was reported. AEs included both SAEs and non-SAEs. The 95% confidence interval (CI) was computed using Clopper-Pearson method.

  2. Percentage of Participants With AEs by National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) Version 4.0 Intensity Grades [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 28 days after last study drug administration (up to 36 months) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. Intensity of AEs were graded according to NCI CTCAE version 4.0 on a 5-point scale: Grade 1=Mild, intervention not indicated; Grade 2=Moderate, local or noninvasive intervention indicated; Grade 3=Severe or medically significant but not immediately life-threatening; Grade 4= Life-threatening consequences, urgent intervention indicated; and Grade 5=Death related to AE. Percentage of participants with AEs by maximum severity grades was reported.

  3. Percentage of Participants With AEs Leading to Premature Discontinuation of Investigational Medicinal Products (IMPs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 28 days after last study drug administration (up to 36 months) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. An SAE was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly. Percentage of participants with AEs leading to premature discontinuation of IMPs (pertuzumab and trastuzumab) was reported. AEs included both SAEs and non-SAEs. The 95% CI was computed using Clopper-Pearson method.

  4. Percentage of Participants With AEs of Suspected Cardiac Origin, by New York Heart Association Classification (NYHA) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 28 days after last study drug administration (up to 36 months) ]
    NYHA functional classification includes: Class I (no limitation in physical activity; ordinary physical activity does not cause fatigue, breathlessness or palpitation), Class II (slight limitation of physical activity; ordinary physical activity results in fatigue, palpitation, breathlessness or angina pectoris), Class III (marked limitation of physical activity; less than ordinary activity will lead to symptomatically 'moderate' heart failure) and Class IV (inability to carry out any physical activity without discomfort; symptoms of congestive cardiac failure are present even at rest). Percentage of participants with AEs suspected to be of cardiac origin by maximum NYHA classification was reported.

  5. Percentage of Participants With Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) Below 50% [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 28 days after last study drug administration (up to 36 months) ]
    LVEF was assessed using echocardiography (ECHO) or multiple-gated acquisition (MUGA) scans. Percentage of participants with LVEF below 50% at any time during the study was reported.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Best Overall Response (BOR) of Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) According to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Baseline up to withdrawal of consent, loss to follow-up, disease progression, death, or study end (up to approximately 36 months) ]
    BOR was defined as a confirmed CR or PR. All measurable lesions up to a maximum of 2 lesions per organ and 5 in total were identified as target lesions (TLs) and recorded at baseline. A sum of the diameters (longest for non-nodal lesions, short axis [SA] for nodal lesions) for all TLs was calculated as baseline sum of diameters (SD). All other lesions (or sites of disease) were identified as non-TLs and were recorded at baseline. CR was defined as the disappearance of all TLs and SA reduction to less than (<) 10 millimeter (mm) for nodal TLs/ non-TLs. PR was defined as greater than or equal to (>/=) 30% decrease in SD of TLs, taking as reference the baseline SD. Confirmation of response at a consecutive tumor assessment at least 4 weeks apart was required. The 95% CI was computed using Clopper-Pearson method.

  2. Percentage of Participants With PD (Assessed According to RECIST Version 1.1) or Death Due to Any Cause [ Time Frame: Baseline up to withdrawal of consent, loss to follow-up, disease progression, death, or study end (up to approximately 36 months) ]
    For TLs, PD was defined as >/=20% relative increase and >/=5 mm of absolute increase in the SD, taking as reference the smallest SD recorded since treatment started or the appearance of 1 or more new lesions. For non-TLs, PD was defined as appearance of 1 or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-TLs.

  3. Progression-free Survival (PFS) Assessed According to RECIST Version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Baseline up to withdrawal of consent, loss to follow-up, disease progression, death, or study end (up to approximately 36 months) ]
    PFS was defined as the time from start of treatment until first documented PD or death from any cause, whichever occurred first. Participants without PD, death, or who were lost to follow-up at the time of analysis were censored at the date of the last tumor assessment when non-progression was documented or at the last date of follow-up, whichever was last. Participants without tumor assessment data after the baseline were censored at baseline unless death occurred before first scheduled tumor assessment. PD was defined as >/=20% relative increase and >/=5 mm of absolute increase in the SD of TLs, taking as reference the smallest SD recorded since treatment started, and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-TLs, or appearance of 1 or more new lesions. Median PFS was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method. The 95% CI was computed using Brookmeyer and Crowley method.

  4. Percentage of Participants Who Died Due to Any Cause [ Time Frame: Baseline up to withdrawal of consent, loss to follow-up, disease progression, death, or study end (up to approximately 36 months) ]
    Percentage of participants who died due to any cause during the study was reported.

  5. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to withdrawal of consent, loss to follow-up, disease progression, death, or study end (up to approximately 36 months) ]
    The OS was defined as the time from the start of treatment until death from any cause. Participants alive at the time of analysis and participants who were lost to follow-up were censored at their last clinical assessment date. Median OS was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method. The 95% CI was computed using Brookmeyer and Crowley method.

  6. Event-free Survival (EFS) Assessed According to RECIST Version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Baseline up to withdrawal of consent, loss to follow-up, disease progression, death, or study end (up to approximately 36 months) ]
    EFS was defined as the time from the start of treatment until the first documented initiation of non-protocol-specified treatment for metastatic breast cancer, PD, or death from any cause, whichever occurred first. Participants without treatment change, PD, death, or who were lost to follow-up at the time of analysis were censored at the date of the last tumor assessment when non-progression was documented or at the last date of follow-up, whichever was last. Participants without tumor assessment after baseline were censored at baseline unless death occurred before first scheduled tumor assessment. PD was defined as >/=20% relative increase and >/=5 mm of absolute increase in the SD of TLs, taking as reference the smallest SD recorded since treatment started, and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-TLs, or appearance of 1 or more new lesions. Median EFS was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method. The 95% CI was computed using Brookmeyer and Crowley method.

  7. Percentage of Participants Who Died During Receiving Second-Line of Treatment [ Time Frame: From start of second-line of treatment (any time from baseline up to 35 months) up to death due to any cause or study end (up to approximately 36 months) ]
    Percentage of participants who died from any cause during second-line of treatment was reported.

  8. OS During Second-Line of Treatment [ Time Frame: From start of second-line of treatment (any time from baseline up to 35 months) up to death due to any cause or study end (up to approximately 36 months) ]
    The OS during second-line therapy was defined as the time from the start of second-line therapy (failure of first-line therapy) until death from any cause. Participants alive at the time of analysis and participants who were lost to follow-up were censored at their last clinical assessment date. Median OS during second-line therapy was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method. The 95% CI was computed using Brookmeyer and Crowley method.

  9. Number of Participants Receiving Second-Line Treatment by Treatment Type [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 35 months ]
    Second-line anti-cancer treatment was initiated after disease progression on first-line therapy. Number of participants who started second-line of treatment by treatment type was reported. Participants who received combination treatment were counted for each treatment type.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HER2-positive disease, with an immunohistochemistry score of 3+ or in situ hybridization (ISH)-positive on primary tumor or metastatic site
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast with metastatic disease with at least one measurable lesion and/or non-measurable disease according to RECIST Version 1.1
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 for participants who will receive paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel chemotherapy and ECOG 0-1 for participants who will receive docetaxel chemotherapy
  • LVEF of greater than or equal to (>=) 50 percent (%) measured by ECHO or MUGA scan before the first doses of pertuzumab and trastuzumab
  • Previous use of either adjuvant or neoadjuvant anti-HER2 therapy is allowed
  • Hormonal therapy will be allowed as per institutional guidelines. Hormonal therapy cannot be administered in combination with taxane therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous systemic non-hormonal anticancer therapy for treatment of mBC
  • History of other cancers. Participants with curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal cell carcinoma and participants with other curatively-treated cancers who have been disease-free for at least 5 years are eligible. Participants with previous ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast are also eligible for the study
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women. Positive serum pregnancy test in women of childbearing potential, premenopausal or less than 12 months of amenorrhea post-menopause, within 7 days before the first dose of pertuzumab and trastuzumab
  • Current peripheral neuropathy of Grade 3 or greater (National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [NCI CTCAE] Version 4.0)
  • Radiographic evidence of central nervous system (CNS) metastases as assessed by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), unless they have been treated and have been stable for at least 3 months and do not require ongoing corticosteroid treatment
  • Participants with other concurrent serious diseases that may interfere with planned treatment, including severe pulmonary conditions/illness
  • Inadequate organ function
  • Serious cardiac illness or medical conditions that would preclude the use of trastuzumab
  • Participants with severe dyspnea at rest or requiring supplementary oxygen therapy
  • Concurrent enrollment in another clinical study using an investigational anti-cancer treatment, within 28 days before the first doses of trastuzumab and pertuzumab

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02019277


Locations
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Australia, New South Wales
St George Hospital; Cancer Care Centre
Kogarah, New South Wales, Australia, 2217
Port Macquarie Base Hospital
Port Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia, 2444
Newcastle Mater Misericordiae Hospital; Oncology
Waratah, New South Wales, Australia, 2298
Australia, Queensland
Mater Hospital; Cancer Services
South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4101
Princess Alexandra Hospital Woolloongabba; Clinical Hematology and Medical Oncology
Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia, 4102
Australia, South Australia
Lyell McEwin Hospital
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 5112
Australia, Tasmania
Launceston General Hospital
Launceston, Tasmania, Australia, 7250
Australia, Victoria
Bendigo Hospital; Oncology
Bendigo, Victoria, Australia, 3550
Monash Medical Centre; Oncology
Clayton, Victoria, Australia, 3168
Geelong Hospital; Andrew Love Cancer Centre
Geelong, Victoria, Australia, 3220
Royal Melbourne Hospital; Hematology and Medical Oncology
Parkville, Victoria, Australia, 3052
Australia, Western Australia
Fiona Stanley Hospital
Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia, 6150
St John of God Murdoch Hospital; Oncology West
Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia, 6150
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche

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Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02019277     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ML28784
First Posted: December 24, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 23, 2018
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Paclitaxel
Docetaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Trastuzumab
Pertuzumab
Taxane
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological