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A Study of GWP42003 as Adjunctive Therapy in the First Line Treatment of Schizophrenia or Related Psychotic Disorder

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02006628
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 10, 2013
Results First Posted : July 26, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GW Research Ltd

Brief Summary:
A study to compare the change in symptom severity in participants with schizophrenia or related psychotic disorder when treated with GWP42003 or placebo in conjunction with existing anti-psychotic therapy over a period of six weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Schizophrenia Schizophrenia-related Psychotic Disorder Drug: Placebo Drug: GWP42003 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This eight-week (six-week treatment period and two-week follow-up), multi-centre, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group study aimed to determine the efficacy, safety and tolerability of GWP42003 in participants with schizophrenia or a related psychotic disorder.

Eligible participants entered the study at a Screening and Randomization Visit (Day 1), where eligibility was established. Once all inclusion and exclusion criteria were reviewed, participants were randomized to receive either GWP42003 or placebo in conjunction with their prescribed anti-psychotic medications and began treatment on Day 1 as instructed. Assessments were performed on Days 8, 22, and 43. A safety follow-up visit was conducted on Day 57.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 88 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-blind, Randomised, Placebo-controlled, Parallel Group Study of GWP42003 as Adjunctive Therapy in the First Line Treatment of Schizophrenia or Related Psychotic Disorder
Actual Study Start Date : February 25, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 8, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : January 8, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: GWP42003 1000 milligrams (mg)/day
Participants received GWP42003 (100 mg/milliliter [mL]), 5 mL twice daily (BID) administered orally, 5 mL in the morning and 5 mL in the evening for 6 weeks.
Drug: GWP42003
GWP42003 was an oral solution containing 100 mg/mL CBD dissolved in the excipients sesame oil, ethanol, sucralose and strawberry flavoring.
Other Name: Cannabidiol

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants received placebo (0 mL cannabidiol [CBD]), volume matched to the 5 mL BID dose level, administered orally, 5 mL in the morning and 5 mL in the evening for 6 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo oral solution (0 milligrams [mg]/mL CBD) contained the excipients sesame oil, ethanol, sucralose, and strawberry flavoring.
Other Name: Placebo control




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline To End Of Treatment (Day 43) In Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Total Score [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 43 ]
    The PANSS was a 30-item medical scale completed by a trained rater that assessed the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia as well as symptoms of general psychopathology. The PANSS Total score was derived from the sum of the 30 items, which were rated on a 7-point scale, where 1 = absent and 7 = extreme. The total score is the summed total for each of the PANSS positive symptom ('P'), negative symptom ('N'), general psychopathology symptom ('G') scores and could range from 30 to 210 points, with lower scores equating to milder severity of symptoms, that is, closer to psychologically normal.

  2. Percentage Of PANSS Total Score Responders At End Of Treatment (Day 43) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 43 ]
    The percentage of PANSS treatment responders, defined as participants with ≥20% improvement in PANSS Total score between baseline and End of Treatment, is presented. The percentage of participants was calculated by dividing the number of participants with a ≥20% improvement in PANSS Total score (yes) by the total number of participants.

  3. Change From Baseline To The End Of Treatment (Day 43) In PANSS 'P' Score [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 43 ]
    The PANSS 'P' scale measured the severity of positive symptoms, including delusions, conceptual disorganization, hallucinations, hyperactivity, grandiosity, suspiciousness/persecution, and hostility. Individual items were rated on a 7-point scale, where 1 = absent and 7 = extreme. The total 'P' score could range from 7 to 49 points, with lower scores equating to milder severity of symptoms, that is, closer to psychologically normal.

  4. Change From Baseline To The End Of Treatment (Day 43) In PANSS 'N' Score [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 43 ]
    The PANSS 'N' scale measured the severity of negative symptoms, including blunted affect, emotional withdrawal, poor rapport, passive/apathetic social withdrawal, difficulty in abstract thinking, lack of spontaneity and flow of conversation, and stereotyped thinking. Individual items were rated on a 7-point scale, where 1 = absent and 7 = extreme. The total 'N' score could range from 7 to 49 points, with lower scores equating to milder severity of symptoms, that is, closer to psychologically normal.

  5. Change From Baseline To The End Of Treatment (Day 43) In PANSS 'G' Score [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 43 ]
    The PANSS 'G' scale measured the severity of general psychopathology symptoms, including somatic concern, anxiety, guilt feelings, tension, mannerisms and posturing, depression, motor retardation, uncooperativeness, unusual thought content, disorientation, poor attention, lack of judgement and insight, disturbance of violation, poor impulse control, preoccupation, and active social avoidance. Individual items were rated on a 7-point scale, where 1 = absent and 7 = extreme. The total 'G' score could range from 16 to 112 points, with lower scores equating to milder severity of symptoms, that is, closer to psychologically normal.

  6. Change From Baseline To The End Of Treatment (Day 43) In The Scale For The Assessment Of Negative Symptoms (SANS) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 43 ]
    The SANS assessed 5 symptom complexes to obtain clinical ratings of negative symptoms in participants with schizophrenia or related psychotic disorder. Symptom complexes were affective blunting, alogia (impoverished thinking), avolition/apathy, anhedonia/asociality, and disturbance of attention. Assessments were conducted on a 6-point scale (0 = not at all; 5 = severe). The total score could range from 0 to 125 points, with lower scores equating to milder severity of symptoms, that is, closer to psychologically normal.

  7. Change From Baseline To The End Of Treatment (Day 43) In The Clinical Global Impression Severity Scale (CGI-S) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 43 ]
    The CGI-S was a 7-point scale that required the clinician to rate the severity of a participant's illness at the time of assessment, relative to the clinician's past experience of participants who had the same diagnosis. Considering total clinical experience, participants were assessed on severity of mental illness at the time of rating on the following scale: 1 = normal, not at all ill; 2 = borderline mentally ill; 3 = mildly ill; 4 = moderately ill; 5 = markedly ill; 6 = severely ill; or 7 = extremely ill. Lower scores equated to milder severity of symptoms, that is, closer to psychologically normal.

  8. Clinical Global Impression Improvement Scale (CGI-I) Values At Day 8 And End Of Treatment (Day 43) [ Time Frame: Day 8 through Day 43 ]
    The CGI-I was a 7-point scale that required the clinician to assess how much a participant's illness had improved or worsened relative the first assessment at the beginning of the intervention. This was rated on the following scale: 1 = very much improved; 2 = much improved; 3 = minimally improved; 4 = no change; 5 = minimally worse; 6 = much worse; or 7 = very much worse. Lower scores equated to improvement of symptoms.

  9. Change From Baseline To The End Of Treatment (Day 43) In Brief Assessment Of Cognition In Schizophrenia (BACS) Score [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 43 ]
    The BACS was an instrument used to assess the aspects of cognition found to be most impaired and most strongly correlated with outcome in participants with schizophrenia or related psychotic disorder. The BACS consisted of 6 domains: verbal memory (score range 0 to 75), working memory (score range 0 to 28), motor speed (score range 0 to 100), verbal fluency (score > 0, with no set maximum value), attention and speed of information processing (score range 0 to 110), and executive functions (score range 0 to 22). A score was obtained for each of the 6 domains. A composite summary score was then calculated as the arithmetic mean of the unweighted scores from the 6 domains. While there was not an upper limit on the composite score, overall, an increase in score was indicative of an improvement in cognition.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria (all must be fulfilled):

  • Participant gave written informed consent for participation in the study and did not require involuntary treatment.
  • Participant was male or female aged 18 to 65 years.
  • Participant was able (in the investigator's opinion) and willing to comply with all study requirements.
  • Participant was diagnosed with schizophrenia or a related psychotic disorder (such as schizoaffective or schizophreniform disorder) as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Version 4.
  • Participant was treated for a minimum of four-weeks and was on a stable dose of his or her current anti-psychotic (AP) medication.
  • Participant showed the capacity to respond at least partially to first line AP medication in the opinion of the investigator.
  • Participant remained stable on his or her dose of AP and concomitant medications for the duration of the study, in the opinion of the investigator.
  • Participant was willing for his or her name to be notified to the responsible authorities for participation in this study, as applicable in individual countries.
  • Participant was willing to allow his or her primary care practitioner and consultant, if appropriate, to be notified of participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria (any of the following):

  • Participant had any known or suspected hypersensitivity to cannabinoids or any of the excipients of the Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP).
  • Participant had a Positive and Negative Symptom Scale total score of <60 at Day 1.
  • Participant presented with a current clinical picture and/or history that is consistent with:

    i. delirium or dementia. ii. acute drug induced psychosis. iii. bipolar disorder.

  • Participant was taking more the one AP medication during the study.
  • Female participants of child bearing potential and male participants whose partner was of child bearing potential, unless willing to ensure that they or their partner used effective contraception, for example, oral contraception, double barrier, intra-uterine device, during the study and for three months thereafter (a male condom was not used in conjunction with a female condom).
  • Female participant who was pregnant, lactating, or planning pregnancy during the course of the study and for three months thereafter.
  • Participants who had received an IMP within 30 days prior to the screening visit.
  • Participants who had any other significant disease or disorder which, in the opinion of the investigator, either put the participant at risk because of participation in the study, or may have influenced the result of the study, or the participant's ability to participate in the study.
  • Participant had any abnormalities following a physical examination that, in the opinion of the investigator, prevented the participant from safe participation in the study.
  • Participant was unwilling to abstain from donation of blood during the study.
  • Participant had travelled outside the country of residence during the study.
  • Participant previously randomized into this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02006628


Locations
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Poland
Czeladź, Poland, 41-250
Gdansk, Poland, 80-952
Kielce, Poland, 25-103
Lublin, Poland, 20-831
Tychy, Poland, 43-100
Wrocław, Poland, 54-235
Romania
Bucharest, Romania, 041914
Bucuresti, Romania, 010825
Bucuresti, Romania, 041914
Sibiu, Romania, 550082
Targoviste, Romania, 130086
Târgu-Mureş, Romania, 540096
United Kingdom
Chertsey, United Kingdom, KT16 0AE
Coventry, United Kingdom, CV2 2TE
London, United Kingdom, SE5 8AF
Sponsors and Collaborators
GW Research Ltd

Publications:
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Responsible Party: GW Research Ltd
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02006628     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GWAP1241
2013-000212-22 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 10, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 26, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 26, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by GW Research Ltd:
GWP42003
Cannabinoids
Schizophrenia
CBD
Cannabidiol
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Disease
Schizophrenia
Mental Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Epidiolex
Anticonvulsants