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Way to Be Active 2 (Lotteries)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02005276
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 9, 2013
Results First Posted : March 5, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 5, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania

Brief Summary:

Employers are increasingly looking for opportunities to motivate sedentary employees to become more physically active. Workplace walking programs have had mixed success and typically show most improvement among participants that are already fairly active at a baseline. The goal of this study is to determine whether a financial incentive program can motivate sedentary employees to increase the number of steps they walk per day to meet a minimum threshold.

Our primary outcome measure is the proportion of days a minimum activity of 7000 steps or more is achieved. We will assess outcomes each week for 3 months using incentives followed by 3 months of follow-up without incentives. Secondary outcomes will include the average steps walked per day.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sedentary Employees Behavioral: Basic Lottery Behavioral: Combined Lottery Behavioral: Jackpot Lottery Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 209 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Randomized Trial of Behavioral Economic Interventions to Improve Physical Activities: Lottery Incentives
Study Start Date : February 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control
Participants receive either an email or text message daily (based on the participant's preference) stating whether the participant achieved the 7000 step goal during the previous day.
Experimental: Basic Lottery

Participants receive either an email or text message daily (based on the participant's preference) stating whether the participant achieved the 7000 step goal during the previous day. Each day a lottery will be held, and participants will be eligible to collect monetary rewards only if the participant met the step goal the day before. The names of the winners will be announced during each lottery. The daily lotteries are as follows:

About a 1 in 4 chance of winning $5. Expected value is about $1.40 per person per day.

Behavioral: Basic Lottery
Participants who meet their daily step goals will be eligible for a daily lottery. They will have about a 1 in 4 chance of winning $5. Expected value is about $1.40 per person per day.

Experimental: Combined Lottery

Participants receive either an email or text message daily (based on the participant's preference) stating whether the participant achieved the 7000 step goal during the previous day. Each day a lottery will be held, and participants will be eligible to collect monetary rewards only if the participant met the step goal the day before. The names of the winners will be announced during each lottery. The daily lotteries are as follows:

About a 1 in 5 chance of winning $5 and a 1 in 100 chance of winning $50. Expected value is about $1.40 per person per day.

Behavioral: Combined Lottery
Participants who meet their daily step goals will be eligible for a daily lottery. They will have about a 1 in 4 chance of winning $5 and a 1 in 100 chance of winning $50. Expected value is about $1.40 per person per day.

Experimental: Jackpot Lottery

Participants receive either an email or text message daily (based on the participant's preference) stating whether the participant achieved the 7000 step goal during the previous day. Each day a lottery will be held, and participants will be eligible to collect monetary rewards only if the participant met the step goal the day before. The names of the winners will be announced during each lottery. The daily lotteries are as follows:

About a 1 in 400 chance of winning $500. Expected value is about $1.40 per person per day.

Behavioral: Jackpot Lottery
Participants who meet their daily step goals will be eligible for a daily lottery. They will have about a 1 in 400 chance of winning $500. Expected value is about $1.40 per person per day.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Days a Minimum Activity of 7000 Steps or More is Achieved During Intervention [ Time Frame: End of study- 6 months of after enrollment ]
    Our primary outcome measure is the proportion of days a minimum activity of 7000 steps or more is achieved. We will assess outcomes for 3 months using incentives followed by 3 months of follow-up without incentives. All available data will be analyzed, and missing will be treated as true missing data points. Secondary outcomes will include the average steps walked per day.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Average Number of Steps Per Day During Intervention [ Time Frame: End of study- 6 months after enrollment ]
    Secondary outcomes include average number of steps per day during intervention (with incentives) and follow up periods (without incentives).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1. We will use a minimum age of 18 to ensure all individuals are legally able to consent.
  • 2. Participant will need an iPhone or Android smartphone to be able to use the Moves App for tracking steps

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Conditions that would make participation infeasible: 1a. Inability to consent 1b. Illiteracy and/or inability to speak, read, and write English 1c. Participation in another research study 2. Conditions that would make participation unsafe: 2a. Current treatment for drug or alcohol use 2b. Consumption of at least 5 alcoholic drinks per day 2c. Myocardial infarction or stroke within the past 6 months 2d. Current addiction to prescription medicines or street drugs 2e. Serious psychiatric diagnoses (e.g., severe major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia) 2f. Pregnant or currently breastfeeding 2g. Metastatic cancer 2h. Unstable medical conditions that would likely prevent the participant from completing the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02005276


Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kevin M Volpp, MD, PhD University of Pennsylvania

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Responsible Party: University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02005276     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 819103
First Posted: December 9, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 5, 2019
Last Update Posted: March 5, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019

Keywords provided by University of Pennsylvania:
Sedentary
Behavioral Economic Intervention
Team Studies
Financial Incentives
Workplace Wellness
Team Incentives