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A RCT of Oral S-1 in Combination With Sequential HAIC of Oxaliplatin After TACE in Patients With Advanced HCC (SOON)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01997957
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified November 2013 by Zhu Xu, Beijing Cancer Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : November 28, 2013
Last Update Posted : November 28, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Zhu Xu, Beijing Cancer Hospital

Brief Summary:
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most commonly malignant tumors around the world and causes death of about 600000~1000000 people each year. Since 1990s, hepatic carcinoma has become the second carcinoma killer in China. Surgical resection or liver transplantation is the only method possibly able to cure hepatic carcinoma. However, due to multiple tumors or poor hepatic function reserve in cirrhosis, surgical treatment is suitable for only a small portion of patients (11.9%-30.1%). Therefore, in clinical practice, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) or transarterial embolization (TAE) is a preferential and standard treatment of unresectable advanced hepatic carcinoma and has notable advantages in controlling local tumors of the liver. Hepatic arterial infusion of oxaliplatin after TACE can significantly increase the local doses of chemotherapeutic agents in the liver, kill micrometastases and residual foci after embolization and demonstrate outstanding efficacy for treating concomitant portal and hepatic vein tumor thrombi. S-1 is a chemotherapeutic agent with convenient use and definite efficacy and, when used concomitantly with TACE, theoretically can not only effectively control intrahepatic foci but also prevent and control extrahepatic metastatic foci. However, this hasn't been verified in clinical application. This study is intended to investigate efficacy and safety of the combination treatment so as to provide a more effective and safety way for treating patients with advanced hepatic carcinoma (Barcelona stage-C patients with concomitant portal vein tumor thrombi or extrahepatic metastasis).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Drug: S-1 Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 110 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Controled Trial of Oral S-1 in Combination With Sequential Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Oxaliplatin After Transarterial Chemoembolization in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Study Start Date : October 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Oxaliplatin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: TACE+HAIC-OXA+S-1 Drug: S-1
Begin oral administration of S-1 from the 2nd day after TACE therapy plus arterial indwelling catheter chemotherapy (Oxaliplatin)

No Intervention: TACE+HAIC-OXA

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to progression(TTP) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Time to clinically definite disease progression

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival(OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  2. Response rate (RR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The percentage of patients showing partial or complete response to the given treatment

  3. Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The percentage of patients showing partial or complete response or stable disease to the given treatment

  4. Number of Participants with Serious and Non-Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signing the informed consent form;
  • Diagnosed with HCC

Patients with hepatic cirrhosis must comply with AASLD (American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases) diagnostic criteria:

Typical radiological examination (ultrasonography, CT or MRI) manifestations: dynamic enhanced examination shows arterial-phase rapid heterogeneous enhancement and reduced venous-phase or delayed-phase rapid enhancement of space occupation in liver;

  • If the diameter of space occupation in liver is ≥2cm, the diagnosis can be established if any of radiological examinations shows the above HCC characteristics;
  • If the diameter of space occupation in liver is 1-2cm, the diagnosis can be established only when two radiological examinations show the above HCC characteristics;
  • If the diameter of space occupation in liver is≤1cm, histopathological examination is needed for establishing the diagnosis.

Histopathological examination is needed for establishing the diagnosis for patients without hepatic cirrhosis.

  • Stage Barcelona C
  • Grade A or B Child-Pugh score
  • ECOG PS score is 0-1
  • At least one measurable focus in liver according to (M) RECIST 1.0 criteria
  • Male or female, age>18
  • Can orally take drugs
  • Anticipated survival≥12 weeks
  • Pregnancy test of women at child-bearing ages must be negative within the 7 days before treatment
  • Male or female patients included must take effective contraceptive measures during the study period and within 4 weeks after completion of the study
  • Within the 7 days before inclusion, bone marrow, liver and kidney functions must satisfy the following requirements:

    • Hemoglobin≥ 90 g/L
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >1,500/mm3
    • Platelet count≥ 80x109/L
    • Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 5 times the upper normal limit (UNL)
    • Total bilirubin < 3UNL
    • Alkaline phosphatase < 4UNL
    • Serum creatinine < 1.5 UNL
    • Amylase and lipase < 2 UNL
    • INR<2.3 or PPT< 1.5 UNL (Patients who are accepting Warfarin or heparin anticoagulant therapy may be included if no evidence is available proving the above indicators are abnormal, but intense monitoring must be exercised. Tests shall be carried out at least once per week until stable INR.)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Early or middle-stage primary HCC
  • Any contraindication of TACE therapy

    • Known hepatofugal blood flow
    • Known portal-systemic shunt
    • Abnormal coagulation test (PLT<6000/mm3, thrombogen activity<50%)
    • Renal failure or renal insufficiency necessitating dialysis
    • Serious atherosclerosis
  • Foci having undergone local treatment (e.g. resection, RFA, PEI or argon-helium cryoablation) cannot be used as the target foci
  • Local therapy or systemic chemotherapy within 4 weeks before inclusion or during the study period
  • Acute toxic reaction of CTC grade AE2 or above in any local treatment before inclusion
  • History of heart diseases:

    • Congestive heart failure of NYHA grade 2 above
    • Symptomatic coronary artery disease
    • Arrhythmia needing treatment with β blockers or drugs other than digoxin
    • uncontrollable hypertension
  • HIV infection or AIDS-related diseases
  • Serious active infections other than hepatitis B and hepatitis C (NCI-CTCAE 4.0 grade 2 above)
  • Gastrointestinal hemorrhage event within 4 weeks before inclusion
  • Thrombogenesis or embolism event within 6 months before inclusion, e.g. cerebral vascular accidents (including TIA), deep venous thrombogenesis or pulmonary embolisms
  • Past or present history of concomitant tumors completely different from HCC in primary lesions or histology, excluding head and neck carcinoma in situ, cured basal cell carcinoma, superficial bladder carcinoma (Ta, Tis, T1) and tumors having been cured 3 years before inclusion
  • Drug abuse, or psychological or mental diseases that may interfere with the study compliance
  • Known or suspected allergy to the study drug or concomitant medications
  • Contraindications of S-1
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Any disease that may affect evaluation of the study drug
  • Any instability or condition that may impair the patient's safety and compliance in the study
  • Gastrointestinal diseases affecting absorption or pharmacokinetics
  • Conditions restricting the patient from taking drugs orally, including serious upper gastrointestinal obstruction
  • Having accepted TACE before inclusion
  • Having taken S-1 before inclusion
  • Having accepted liver radiotherapy before inclusion or during the study period
  • Having accepted biological regulators, e.g. G-CSF, within the 3 weeks before inclusion
  • Having accepted autologous bone marrow transplantation or stem cell transplantation within 1 year before inclusion
  • History of homoplastic transplantation
  • Any drug that may affect absorption or pharmacokinetics of the study drug
  • Poor compliance considered by the investigator

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01997957

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Contact: Zhu Xu, Master 0086-10-88196476

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China, Beijing
Beijing Cancer Hospital Recruiting
Beijing, Beijing, China, 100142
Contact: Zhu Xu, Master    0086-10-88195476   
Principal Investigator: Zhu Xu, Master         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Zhu Xu
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Principal Investigator: Zhu Xu, Master Beijing Cancer Hospital
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Responsible Party: Zhu Xu, Interventional Therapy Department, Beijing Cancer Hospital Identifier: NCT01997957    
Other Study ID Numbers: OXALI_L_06366
First Posted: November 28, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 28, 2013
Last Verified: November 2013
Keywords provided by Zhu Xu, Beijing Cancer Hospital:
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Transarterial Chemoembolization
Hepatic Arterial Infusion Chemotherapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases