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Effects of Subcutaneous Hyaluronidase Administration on Psoriatic Plaques

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01987609
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 19, 2013
Results First Posted : January 4, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tissa Hata, MD, University of California, San Diego

Brief Summary:
Dendritic cells are a key component of the inflammatory response seen in psoriasis. Several current psoriasis therapies have been shown to reduce the number of dendritic cells in patients with psoriasis, leading researchers to believe that therapies specifically targeting dendritic cells may lead to improvement in psoriasis. Research recently conducted in Dr. Gallo's lab at the University of California San Diego has shown that transgenic mice overexpressing the enzyme hyaluronidase have a significant decrease in the number of dendritic cells in the dermal component of their skin compared to wild type mice. If hyaluronidase overexpression in humans also decreases the number of dendritic cells in the dermis, then hyaluronidase therapy may improve the clinical presentation of psoriasis. In order to test this hypothesis, recombinant human hyaluronidase (Hylenex®) will be injected subcutaneously below a psoriatic plaque in human psoriasis patients every week for a total of 4 weeks. Each week the clinical appearance of the plaque will be documented. At the final visit skin biopsies of the treated plaque will be taken to visualize the histology of the plaque and look for changes in expression of different inflammatory markers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Psoriasis Drug: Hylenex Drug: Normal Saline Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Participation in this study will consist of a total of 5 visits to the UCSD Dermatology Clinic over approximately a one-month period. At the first visit, two psoriatic plaques between 2-cm and 5-cm in diameter to be studied in this trial will be agreed upon by the patient as well as the blinded and unblinded investigators. Preference will be given to plaques on the elbows since the elbow is a common place of psoriatic plaques, and since scarring on the elbows is usually more acceptable than scarring on other parts of the skin since the skin on the elbows is naturally hyperpigmented in most people. For the remainder of the study, all grading and measurements of the psoriatic plaques will be completed by a blinded investigator who is unaware of which plaque is receiving which treatment. An unblinded investigator will complete all other portions of the study visit, including digital photography, injecting the plaques, and completing the biopsies. The subject will also be blinded as to which plaque is being injected with which treatment.

During the first 4 visits, plaques will be injected with 1-mL of Hylenex® or 1-mL of sterile (pharmaceutical grade) normal saline (NS). 1-mL of Hylenex® contains 150 Units of recombinant hyaluronidase. This is the standard dose of the drug that has been approved by the FDA, and therefore this dose is considered to be safe for use in adults. If injected subcutaneously into the center of a psoriatic plaque that is between 2 and 5 centimeters in diameter, this 1-mL dose should be able to diffuse throughout the entire area beneath the plaque. The exact pharmacokinetics of Hylenex® are difficult to study due to its rapid inactivation after intravenous injection. According to the Hylenex® package insert, though, disruptions to the dermal barrier that occur in response to subcutaneous Hylenex® injection persist 24 hours after injection, but this barrier is completely restored after 48 hours. Cutaneous dendritic cells residing in the epidermis are thought to migrate away from the epidermis through either lymphatic or vascular channels after Hylenex® is injected. This process should take a few hours. Since cutaneous dendritic cells are thought to turnover only every several weeks, new dendritic cells should not populate the epidermis before patients receive the next injection of Hylenex®. Since dendritic cell activation initiates the inflammatory cascade thought to result in psoriasis, preventing dendritic cells from being harbored in the epidermis should essentially prevent the inflammatory cascade that results in psoriasis. Therefore, during the month-long period while patients are receiving Hylenex® injections, the inflammatory cascade triggering their psoriasis will potentially be turned off, allowing affected plaques to heal without propagation of further psoriasis. If this is true, there should be differences in the Hylenex®-treated versus the NS-treated plaques both morphologically and histologically upon completion of the final set of biopsies on the Visit 5.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of the Effect of Subcutaneous Hyaluronidase Administration on Psoriatic Plaques
Actual Study Start Date : July 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Psoriasis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Hylenex
Psoriatic plaques in this arm will be injected with Hylenex every week for 4 weeks.
Drug: Hylenex
Other Names:
  • Hylenex (R) recombinant
  • hyaluronidase human injection

Placebo Comparator: Normal Saline
Psoriatic plaques in this arm will be subcutaneously injected with sterile normal saline every week for four weeks
Drug: Normal Saline
Other Name: Normal Saline, 0.9%




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Psoriasis Area Severity Index [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    The Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) of the psoriatic plaques of interest will be measured and compared to baseline values. The PASI is the most widely used tool for the measurement of severity of psoriasis. PASI combines the assessment of the severity of lesions and the area affected into a single score in the range 0 (no disease) to 72 (maximal disease).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Plaque Area [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    A ruler/measuring tape will be used to measure the area of the subject's psoriatic plaques of interest.

  2. Plaque Area [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    A ruler/measuring tape will be used to measure the area of the subject's psoriatic plaques of interest.

  3. Plaque Area [ Time Frame: 3 weeks ]
    A ruler/measuring tape will be used to measure the area of the subject's psoriatic plaques of interest.

  4. Plaque Area [ Time Frame: 1 weeks ]
    A ruler/measuring tape will be used to measure the area of the subject's psoriatic plaques of interest.

  5. Physician Global Assessment (PGA) [ Time Frame: 3 weeks ]
    The Physician Global Assessment (PGA) of the psoriatic plaques of interest will be measured and compared to baseline values on a 0-5 scale where 0 is no evidence of erythema, induration, or scaling, and 5 is severe evidence of these symptoms.

  6. Physician Global Assessment (PGA) [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    The Physician Global Assessment (PGA) of the psoriatic plaques of interest will be measured and compared to baseline values on a 0-5 scale where 0 is no evidence of erythema, induration, or scaling, and 5 is severe evidence of these symptoms.

  7. Physician Global Assessment (PGA) [ Time Frame: 1 week ]
    The Physician Global Assessment (PGA) of the psoriatic plaques of interest will be measured and compared to baseline values on a 0-5 scale where 0 is no evidence of erythema, induration, or scaling, and 5 is severe evidence of these symptoms.

  8. Change in Histologic Appearance of Psoriatic Plaques [ Time Frame: baseline and 4 weeks ]
    The histologic appearance of a skin biopsy taken from each of the plaques of interest at the end of the study (4 weeks) will be compared to biopsies taken at baseline. The most important feature to be observed is the number of dendritic cells in the different biopsy specimens.

  9. Change in Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha (TNFα) Expression [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    RT-PCR techniques will be used to determine expression levels of the inflammatory cytokine TNFα in all skin biopsies. The expression levels of this cytokine in skin biopsies at week 4 will be compared to the expression levels at baseline.

  10. Change in Interferon Alpha (IFNα) Expression [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    RT-PCR techniques will be used to determine expression levels of the inflammatory cytokine IFNα in all skin biopsies. The expression levels of this cytokine in skin biopsies at week 4 will be compared to the expression levels at baseline.

  11. Change in Toll-like Receptor 7 (TLR-7) Expression [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    RT-PCR techniques will be used to determine expression levels of the TLR-7 in all skin biopsies. The expression levels of this receptor in skin biopsies at week 4 will be compared to the expression levels at baseline.

  12. Change in Toll-like Receptor 8 (TLR-8) Expression [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    RT-PCR techniques will be used to determine expression levels of the TLR-8 in all skin biopsies. The expression levels of this receptor in skin biopsies at week 4 will be compared to the expression levels at baseline.

  13. Change in Toll-like Receptor 9 (TLR-9) Expression [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    RT-PCR techniques will be used to determine expression levels of the TLR-9 in all skin biopsies. The expression levels of this receptor in skin biopsies at week 4 will be compared to the expression levels at baseline.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 1 week ]
    Any adverse events that subjects have during the course of the study will be recorded at each visit.

  2. Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    Any adverse events that subjects have during the course of the study will be recorded at each visit.

  3. Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 3 weeks ]
    Any adverse events that subjects have during the course of the study will be recorded at each visit.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of plaque psoriasis for at least 6 months, with at least 2 psoriatic plaques on different parts of the body that are both between 2-cm and 5-cm in diameter at the time of screening
  • Age 18-65 years
  • Male subjects who agree to use barrier methods for contraception throughout the course of the trial if their female partners are of child-bearing potential, or female subjects not of child-bearing potential
  • Subject agrees to comply with study requirements
  • Subject is fluent in English and is able to provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with severe medical condition(s) that in the view of the investigator prohibits participation in the study
  • Subject has Netherton's syndrome or other genodermatoses that result in a defective epidermal barrier
  • Subjects who have applied topical medications (prescription or over-the-counter) for the treatment of psoriasis to their body within 7 days of the baseline visit
  • Subjects who have taken cyclosporine, methotrexate, immuran, oral retinoids, chemotherapeutic agents, anti-inflammatory biologics (e.g., alefacept, etanercept, etc.), or oral calcineurin inhibitors within 28 days of the baseline visit
  • Subjects who are unable to hold their current psoriasis medications for the period of time indicated (at least 7 days for topical medications, at least 28 days for oral or injectable medications) without significant worsening of their psoriasis
  • Immunocompromised subjects (e.g., lymphoma, HIV/AIDS, Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome), or subjects with a history of malignant disease (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) as determined by the participant's medical history.
  • Subjects receiving phototherapy (e.g., ultraviolet light B [UVB], psoralen plus ultraviolet light A [PUVA]) within 28 days of the baseline visit
  • Subjects with a history of psychiatric disease or history of alcohol or drug abuse that would interfere with the ability to comply with the study protocol
  • Subjects with significant concurrent medical condition(s) at screening that in the view of the investigator prohibits participation in the study (e.g., severe concurrent allergic disease, condition associated with malignancy, and condition associated with immunosuppression)
  • Subjects who have used any systemic antibiotics within 28 days of the baseline visit
  • Subjects with an active bacterial, viral or fungal skin infection (excluding nail fungus)
  • Subjects currently receiving lithium or have received lithium within the last 4 weeks.
  • Ongoing participation in an investigational drug trial
  • Subjects with diabetes requiring medication
  • Presence of psoriasis with exfoliative erythroderma or presence of guttate psoriasis, primary palmoplantar psoriasis, or pustular psoriasis
  • Hypersensitivity to hyaluronidase or any other ingredient in the formulation of hyaluronidase, as well as subjects with an allergy or hypersensitivity to lidocaine
  • Subjects taking furosemide, benzodiazepines, phenytoin, salicylates, cortisone, antihistamines or estrogens

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01987609


Locations
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United States, California
UCSD Division of Dermatology
San Diego, California, United States, 92122
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tissa Hata, MD
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Tissa Hata, MD UCSD Division of Dermatology
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Tissa Hata, MD, University of California, San Diego:
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Responsible Party: Tissa Hata, MD, Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Diego
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01987609    
Other Study ID Numbers: UCSD 131026
First Posted: November 19, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 4, 2019
Last Update Posted: January 4, 2019
Last Verified: December 2018
Keywords provided by Tissa Hata, MD, University of California, San Diego:
Psoriasis
Dendritic cells
Hyaluronidase
Hylenex
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Psoriasis
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Skin Diseases