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A Two-arm, Single Center Phase 1b Trial of Bavituximab Plus Ipilimumab in Advanced Melanoma Patients

This study has been terminated.
(standard of care improved combination treatment of ipilimumab plus nivolumab.)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01984255
First Posted: November 14, 2013
Last Update Posted: December 29, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
  Purpose
This is a Open label, two-arm, randomized, two agent, single center trial.

Condition Intervention Phase
Melanoma Drug: Arm A-Bavituximab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes weekly x 3 followed by Bavituximab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes weekly x 12 plus ipilimumab 3mg/kg IV Drug: Arm B-Ipilimumab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes day 1 followed three weeks later by ipilimumab every 3 weeks x 3. Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Two-Arm, Single Center Pase 1b Trial of Bavituximab Plus Ipilimumab in Advanced Melanoma Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicities [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Toxicities will be assessed via NCI's CTCAE v4.1 toxicity criteria. Dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) will be defined as drug-related grade 3-5 adverse events experienced within the first 12 weeks of study treatment. The maximal tolerated dose (MTD) will be exceeded if more than 30% of patients on the study experience DLTs.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease control rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Months of Survival (measured at weeks 15, 21, and 27) ]
    DCR will be measured by irRC at weeks 15, 21, 27 using the published algorithm. Disease control rate (DCR) includes complete response (CR), Partial response (PR) and stable disease (SD). Months of survival (MOS) is measured from date of entry into protocol.


Enrollment: 3
Study Start Date: April 2014
Study Completion Date: April 2016
Primary Completion Date: April 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: A- Bavituximab plus Ipilimumab
Arm A—Interventions Drug: Bavituximab Dose:3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes weekly x 2 followed by Bavituximab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes weekly Duration-x 12 weeks plus Drug :Ipilimumab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes every 3 weeks Duration-x 4.weeks
Drug: Arm A-Bavituximab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes weekly x 3 followed by Bavituximab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes weekly x 12 plus ipilimumab 3mg/kg IV
Bavituximab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes weekly x 3 followed by Bavituximab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes weekly x 12 plus ipilimumab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes every 3 weeks x 4. Total number of treated patients will be 16.
Experimental: Arm B Ipilimumab
Arm B—Interventions Drug- I3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes day 1 followed three weeks later by Drug: Ipilimumab every 3 weeks x 3weeks. Total number of treated patients will be 8.
Drug: Arm B-Ipilimumab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes day 1 followed three weeks later by ipilimumab every 3 weeks x 3.
Ipilimumab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes day 1 followed three weeks later by ipilimumab every 3 weeks x 3. Total number of treated patients will be 8.

Detailed Description:

This is a Open label, two-arm, randomized, two agent, single center trial.

Study Product(s), Dose, Route, Regimen:

Bavituximab 3mg/kg IVqwk (IV every week) x 14 plus ipilimumab 3mg/kg IVq3wk (IV every 3 weeks) x 4 or ipilimumab 3mg/kg IVq3wk x 4

Administration Schedule:

Patients will be randomized to one of the following arms:

Arm A—Bavituximab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes weekly x 2 followed by Bavituximab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes weekly x 12 plus ipilimumab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes every 3 weeks x 4. Total number of treated patients will be 16.

Arm B—Arm B—Ipilimumab 3mg/kg IV over 90 minutes day 1 followed three weeks later by ipilimumab every 3 weeks x 3. Total number of treated patients will be 8.

Randomization:

There will be a 2:1 randomization of patients to have a 3 week lead-in treatment with bavituximab followed by combination therapy of ipilimumab + bavituximab versus ipilimumab alone. The assigned treatment will be given once subject is registered successfully.

Endpoints:

Toxicities will be assessed via NCI's CTCAE (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events) v4.1 toxicity criteria. Dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) will be defined as drug-related grade 3-5 adverse events experienced within the first 12 weeks of study treatment. The maximal tolerated dose (MTD) will be exceeded if more than 30% of patients on the study experience DLTs.

DCR will be measured by irRC (Immune-related Complete Response) at weeks 15, 21, 27 using the published algorithm. Disease control rate (DCR) includes complete response (CR), Partial response (PR) and stable disease (SD). Months of survival (MOS) is measured from date of entry into protocol.

Tumor MDSC (Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells), TAM and Treg content will be measured by IHC (ImmunoHistoChemistry). Circulating MDSC, TAM and Treg content will be measured by flow cytometry.

Peripheral blood cytokines will be measured by EIA (EIA test is a series of blood tests for diagnosing HIV infection).

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologic diagnosis of unresectable or metastatic melanoma. For unknown primary disease, diagnosis of metastatic disease by cytology FNA (Fine Needle Aspiration) is not acceptable.
  2. Any number of prior systemic therapeutic regimens including chemotherapy, pathway inhibitors, biochemotherapy, investigational agents, and immunotherapies other than ipilimumab or bavituximab.
  3. Subjects must have measurable disease as defined by irRC. All sites must be evaluated within 4 weeks prior to beginning therapy.
  4. Age ≥ 18 years.
  5. Performance status ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) 0-2.
  6. Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes ≥ 2,000/mcL (Microliter)
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mcL
    • platelets ≥ 100,000/mcl
    • total bilirubin < 3X (times) institutional upper limit of normal
    • AST (Aspartate Aminotransferase) (SGOT)/ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase)(SPGT) ≤ 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • creatinine < 3X institutional upper limit of normal
    • hemoglobin >8g/dL
  7. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.
  8. Subjects must be willing to undergo tumor biopsy pretreatment and at weeks 3 and 15.
  9. Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. A female of child-bearing potential is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria: has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. No concomitant therapy with any of the following: IL2 (Interleukin 2), interferon, or other non-study immunotherapy regimens; cytotoxic chemotherapy; immunosuppressive agents; other investigational therapies; or chronic use of systemic corticosteroids; all such therapies must have been discontinued >4weeks.
  2. No infection with HIV and no active infection with hepatitis B and no active or chronic infection with hepatitis C. Due to the mechanism of action of ipilimumab, activity and side effects in an immune compromised patient are unknown.
  3. Subjects with active CNS (Central nervous system) disease are excluded. Patient with brain metastases previously treated with surgery or stereotactic radiosurgery and with confirmed SD for >8 weeks are allowed.
  4. Subjects are excluded if they have a history of any other malignancy from which the patient has been disease-free for less than 2 years, with the exception of adequately treated and cured basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
  5. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  6. Subjects must not be pregnant or nursing.
  7. Any concurrent medical condition requiring the use of systemic steroids is not permitted (the use of inhaled or topic steroids is permitted).
  8. Subjects are excluded for receiving any non-oncology vaccine therapy used for prevention of infectious diseases for up to 4 weeks (28 days) prior to or after any dose of ipilimumab.
  9. Subjects are excluded if they have a history of prior treatment with ipilimumab, CD137 agonist , CTLA-4 inhibitor (Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Antigen 4) or agonist or bavituximab.
  10. Patients are excluded if they have a history of autoimmune disease except controlled and stable autoimmune thyroiditis. The excluded autoimmune diseases include acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Addison's disease, alopecia universalis, ankylosing spondylitis, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, aplastic anemia, asthma, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, autoimmune hepatitis, autoimmune hypoparathyroidism, autoimmune hypophysitis, autoimmune myocarditis, autoimmune oophoritis, autoimmune orchitis, autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura, Behcet's disease, bullous pemphigoid, celiac disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, Churg-Strauss syndrome, Crohn's disease, dermatomyositis, dysautonomia, eczema, epidermolysis bullossa acquisita, gestational pemphigoid, giant cell arteritis, Goodpasture's syndrome, Graves' disease, Guillain-Barre syndrome, Hashimoto's disease-except as noted above, IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease), inflammatory bowel disease, interstitial cystitis, Kawasaki's disease, Lambert-Eaton myasthenia syndrome, lupus erythematosis, chronic Lyme disease, Meniere's syndrome, Mooren's ulcer, Morphea, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, neuromyotonia, opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome, optic neuritis, Ord's thyroiditis, pemphigus, pernicious anemia, polyarteritis nodosa, polyarthritis, polyglandular autoimmune syndrome, primary biliary cirrhosis, psoriasis, Reiter's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, sarcoidosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Stiff-Person syndrome, Takayasu's arteritis, ulcerative colitis, Vogt- Kovanagi-Harada disease, vulvodynia, and Wegener's granulomatosis.
  11. Subjects are excluded with history of thromboembolic events, clinically significant bleeding—gross hematuria, hemoptysis, or gastrointestinal bleeding, history of bleeding diathesis or hypercoagulable state, ongoing therapy with anticoagulants or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or prior exposure to chimeric antibodies.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01984255


Locations
United States, Texas
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390-9179
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Arthur Frankel, MD University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01984255     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STU 102013-007
SCCC-05613 ( Other Identifier: Simmons Cancer Center )
First Submitted: October 29, 2013
First Posted: November 14, 2013
Last Update Posted: December 29, 2016
Last Verified: December 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs