Prescription Opioid Abuse Among Pain Patients: Predictors of Relapse (PAIN)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01967641|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 23, 2013
Results First Posted : June 15, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 24, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Opioid Dependence||Drug: buprenorphine/naloxone combination||Phase 2|
All participants will be admitted to the GCRU, the SRU, or the CRR and maintained on sublingual Bup/Ntx. During the first week after admission, participants will be withdrawn from their prior opioid analgesic regimen and will be stabilized on one of three doses of buprenorphine/naloxone (2/0.5, 8/2, or 16/4 mg per day). Participants will be treated for emergent withdrawal symptoms with supplemental supplemental medications (clonidine, clonazepam, compazine, ketorolac tromethamine, hydroxyzine, ranitidine, ondansetron, zolpidem) until withdrawal symptoms have dissipated, based on self-report and observer ratings. Each buprenorphine dose will be administered in equal divided doses according to a QID dosing schedule, and each dose will be maintained for a two-week period (one week of stabilization followed by one week of laboratory testing). Thus, stabilization will occur during Weeks 1, 3, and 5; testing will occur in Weeks 2, 4, and 6. Participants may receive an unaccompanied pass of up to 72 hours during Weeks 3 and 5 to attend to family obligations. Participants will be informed that urine toxicology screens will be conducted upon their return to the hospital, and that testing positive for drugs other than the study medication may result in discharge from the study. The order of administration of these three doses will vary among subjects in a randomized manner. At the completion of laboratory testing in Week 6, participants will be stabilized on 16 mg of buprenorphine. This final week of stabilization ensures that (1) any acute effects of high-dose oxycodone administration in the laboratory have dissipated and do not affect opioid dependence level; and (2) participants have sufficient opportunity to stabilize on the dose of buprenorphine on which they will be maintained during the outpatient phase.
Participants whose pain is not adequately relieved by Suboxone (buprenorphine/naloxone) will we removed from the study by the investigators. A criterion for dropout during the inpatient phase will be: clear decline in functional status, such as sustained worsening of mobility or marked decline in level of activity. In the event that average daily pain level worsens from baseline by 30% or more (e.g. 6/10 to 9/10), a clinical evaluation will be performed to consider whether the participant should be removed from the protocol, or should be allowed to continue to participate. The clinical determination will include an assessment of whether pain has improved throughout the inpatient stay as a range of doses are tested.
During the subsequent outpatient phase medication will be dispensed on a weekly basis and will consist of (1) a standing maintenance dose of 16 mg Suboxone (buprenorphine/naloxone), and (2) doses of Suboxone to be taken on a prn basis for breakthrough pain (prn doses will not exceed 25% of the total daily standing dose). Patients will report to the Substance Use Research Center (SURC) twice per week for 12 weeks for clinical visits.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||51 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Masking Description:||Following induction, patients were stabilized beginning on Day 2 on one of three blinded doses of buprenorphine/naloxone (2/0.5, 8/2, or 16/4 mg per day) for a week then underwent laboratory testing for a second week. Each blinded buprenorphine dose was administered in equal divided doses according to a QID dosing schedule, and each dose was maintained for a two-week period, with the second week including laboratory testing.|
|Official Title:||Prescription Opioid Abuse Among Pain Patients: Predictors of Relapse|
|Study Start Date :||November 2005|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 2011|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 2011|
Experimental: buprenorphine/naloxone combination
Buprenorphine/naloxone (Bup/Nx; Suboxone sublingual tablets, Reckitt Benckiser) will be administered sublingually at daily doses of 2/0.5, 8/2 mg, and 16/4 mg, which are within the recommended dose range for treating both pain and opioid abuse. The total daily dose will be divided and administered on a QID dosing regimen (0.5/0.125, 2/0.5, and 4/1 mg QID at 0830, 1230, 1730, 2130). Each participant will be tested with all three doses in random order for two weeks at each dose (one week of stabilization followed by one week of testing). Following completion of the 7-week inpatient phase, participants will be followed at the Substance Use Research Center (SURC) and maintained on 16/4 mg Bup/Nx.
Drug: buprenorphine/naloxone combination
Buprenorphine/naloxone (Bup/Nx; Suboxone sublingual tablets, Reckitt Benckiser) will be administered sublingually at daily doses of 2/0.5, 8/2 mg, and 16/4 mg, which are within the recommended dose range for treating both pain and opioid abuse. The total daily dose will be divided and administered on a QID dosing regimen (0.5/0.125, 2/0.5, and 4/1 mg QID at 0830, 1230, 1730, 2130). Each participant will be tested with all three doses in random order for two weeks at each dose (one week of stabilization followed by one week of testing). Following completion of the 7-week inpatient phase, participants will be maintained on 16/4 mg Bup/Nx.
Other Name: Suboxone
- Number of Participants Retained in Study [ Time Frame: week 19 ]Retention was number of participants retained at study end (Week 19).
- Number of Participants Abstinent From Opioids [ Time Frame: at week 19 or length of study participation ]Relapse was number of participants with opioid-negative urine toxicology in last week of study participation.
- Pain Measurement [ Time Frame: assessed twice weekly during course of 19 weeks or length of participation, only screening and last assessment reported. ]The primary pain measure was the Pain Assessment and Documentation Tool (PADT). Total score ranging from 0-11 reported. Higher score considered indicative of more pain. Lower score is indicative of less pain.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01967641
|United States, New York|
|New York, New York, United States, 10032|
|Principal Investigator:||Maria Sullivan, MD||Columbia University|