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Predictors of Post Operative Morbidity in Older Women With Pelvic Organ Prolapse

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01967446
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 22, 2013
Last Update Posted : December 10, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania

Brief Summary:

The Investigators hypothesize that functional status scores in elderly women undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse will be lower at 6 weeks post-operatively but will have returned to baseline at 12 weeks post-operatively.

The Investigators hypothesize that greater co-morbidity, frailty and worse functional status before surgery are associated with slower functional recovery, prolonged length of stay in a hospital or nursing care institution and greater post-operative complications following surgery for pelvic organ prolapse.

Condition or disease
Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Detailed Description:

An increasing number of elderly women are undergoing surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Based on US Census data1 and the estimated prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse in women 60 and over, an estimated 1.6 million women over 60 are currently affected with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). This number is expected to increase to 3.4 million by 2050. Prior studies show that geriatric patients have unique physiologic vulnerability, and elderly women undergoing surgery are at risk for worse post-operative outcomes than younger women. However, data from the urogynecology literature are conflicting. Some studies show an increased risk for complications as women age while other studies show no significant increased risk. Other evidence suggests that elderly women still are below their baseline quality-of-life status 6 weeks post-operatively. Return to baseline functional status at 6 weeks post-operatively was not improved when these women were randomized to enhanced pre-operative geriatric assessment versus routine care. These studies were limited by low numbers of very old women and women undergoing obliterative surgery, usually recommended for women with higher co-morbidities and lower functional status.

Post-operative outcomes have been traditionally measured in terms of medically documented complications such as infection, organ injury, cardiac and pulmonary complications. However, studies from other surgical specialties suggest that older subjects undergoing surgery can suffer from significant worsening of functional status resulting in disability, need for long-term care, and dependency at home. Objective markers of functional status, co-morbidity and frailty are potential useful predictors of post-operative complications following surgery in the elderly. However, there is lack of data on the functional status of elderly women undergoing POP surgery, as well as on factors influencing recovery from surgery. The goal of our study is to explore the utility of pre-operative markers of functional status, co-morbidities and frailty to explain post-operative morbidities in elderly women undergoing surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 132 participants
Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Predictors of Post Operative Morbidity in Older Women With Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Study Start Date : March 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Predictors of Post Operative Morbidity in Older Women with Pelvic Organ Prolapse [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The primary outcome will be change in functional status scores at 12 weeks postoperatively as determined by Basic and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living as well as the Functional Health

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Predictors of Post Operative Morbidity in Older Women with Pelvic Organ Prolapse [ Time Frame: 1year ]
    Secondary outcomes will be change in functional status scores at 6 weeks postoperatively.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Women will be recruited from 3 sites in the University of Pennsylvania Health System: 1) the Division of Urogynecology (OB/GYN) at Hospital of University of Pennsylvania (HUP) 2) the Division of Urogynecology (OB/GYN) at Pennsylvania Hospital (PAH) and 3) Division of Urology (Surgery) at Pennsylvania Hospital (PAH). Approximately 60 women age 60 or over undergo surgery for POP at HUP and 45 each in Urogynecology and Urology at PAH each year. This yields an eligible population of more than 150 women during the 1.25-year proposed recruitment period. We anticipate that interest in the study will be high because the study is investigating post-operative recovery and no invasive testing is planned.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women over age 60 undergoing either reconstructive or obliterative surgery (for Stage 2 or greater POP 2) English speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women under the age of 60 will be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01967446

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United States, Pennsylvania
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
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Principal Investigator: Joy A. Greer, MD University of Pennsylvania
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Responsible Party: University of Pennsylvania Identifier: NCT01967446    
Other Study ID Numbers: 814338
First Posted: October 22, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 10, 2014
Last Verified: August 2012
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical