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18F-FLT Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Breast

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01956890
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified October 2013 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : October 8, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 16, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Taiwan University Hospital

Brief Summary:
This prospective study is aimed to evaluate the diagnostic effectiveness of 18F-FLT PET in differentiating benign nature from malignancy for lesions with suspicious or ambiguous findings on mammography or ultrasound; to determine whether 18F-FLT PET or MRI can increase the specificity in breast lesion diagnosis and thus reduce the unnecessary biopsy, and which (18F-FLT PET or MRI) reveals the higher diagnostic performance.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: PET Phase 4

Detailed Description:

It has been reported that PET (Positron Emission Tomography) scan is also useful in diagnosing breast cancer. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG), which based on glucose metabolism for the determination of malignancy, is the most popular PET tracer at present. However, 18F-FDG is not tumor specific. Benign inflammatory lesions may also demonstrate increase in 18F-FDG uptake. On the other hand, low grade malignancy may have low 18F-FDG concentration. Recently, 18F-3'-fluoro-3'-deoxy-L-thymidine (18F-FLT), a radiolabelled analog of thymidine, has been used in imaging cell proliferation and monitoring of treatment effects for breast cancer patients. 18F-FLT is believed to be more specific than 18F-FDG for breast cancer diagnosis and may provide the underlined physiological and molecular manifestations of breast lesions in addition to anatomical manifestations from mammography, ultrasound or MRI. Yet, its potential role in differentiation of ambiguous or suspicious lesions found on conventional imaging, such like mammography or ultrasound, has not been reported. We have had an ongoing preliminary study regarding breast lesion diagnosis using 18F-FLT PET, with an overall sensitivity 100% and specificity 92.7% in this dataset (from 2010 August to 2010 December, 19 lesions from 8 women with correlation with biopsy and clinical outcome).

On the other hand, the molecular subtypes of breast cancer, including ER (Estrogen receptor), PR (Progesterone receptor), HER2 (Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2) are associated with treatment planning and prediction of clinical outcome of breast cancer. There have been documented reports regarding the relation of mammography, DCE MRI, 18F-FDG PET to ER, PR, HER2 status of breast cancers. But the association of proton MRS, DWI and 18F-FLT PET with ER, PR, HER2 status was seldom reported.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 80 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Integrative Diagnosis of 18F-FLT Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Evaluate the Suspicious Findings on Mammography and Breast Ultrasound: a Pilot Study
Study Start Date : June 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
diagnostic accuracy
diagnostic accuracy of PET and MRI for breast cancer diagnosis.
Drug: PET
18F-FLT PET and MRI of the breast
Other Name: 3'-deoxy-3'-[18F]fluorothymidine PET

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FLT PET and MRI [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    to measure diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity, specificity) of 18F-FLT PET and MRI for localized breast findings seen on mammography and breast ultrasound.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1) Women aged between 20 to 80 years 2) women who have localized findings on mammography and / or ultrasound and will receive biopsy 3) The lesions on the conventional imaging measure >=1cm 4) WBC count >=3000/L, or platelet>=75,000/L 5) Liver function, AST or ALT <78 U/L 6) Renal function, Creatinine <2.0 mg/dl., and estimated GFR(eGFR)>60ml/min/1.73m2.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1) Pregnant women or who are planning to be pregnant, or who are lactating. (Eligible women who are premenopausal with reproductive potential should receive urine pregnancy test before the MRI and PET. Women with a positive pregnancy test should be excluded from the study.) 2) Known cancers in other organs. 3) Women who are not able to cooperate with the PET/CT examination, or MRI examination.

    4) Women≦19 years old. 5) Past history of severe anaphylactoid reaction to MRI-contrast agent or 18F-FLT.

    6) History of mechanical valve replacement, recent coronary artery stent placement, with pacemaker, aneurysmal clip, metallic endotracheal tube, or other procedures with metallic device application.

    7) eGFR≦60ml/min/1.73m2. 8) History of acute renal failure, or renal dialysis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01956890

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Contact: Jane Wang, PhD 886223123456 ext 65565

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National Taiwan University Hospital Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan, 100
Contact: Jane Wang, PhD    886223123456 ext 65565   
Principal Investigator: Jane Wang, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Jane Wang, PhD National Taiwan University Hospital
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Responsible Party: National Taiwan University Hospital Identifier: NCT01956890    
Other Study ID Numbers: 201102011MB
First Posted: October 8, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 16, 2013
Last Verified: October 2013
Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
Breast neoplasms