Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 1 of 1 for:    13-h-0194
Previous Study | Return to List | Next Study

Links Between Inflammation and Cardiometabolic Diseases

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01934660
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 4, 2013
Last Update Posted : November 19, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Cardiometabolic diseases are a combination of medical disorders that, when they occur together, increase the risk of heart disease and diabetes. Researchers want to learn if there is a relationship between these diseases and inflammation (redness, swelling, and pain). Inflammation affects the entire body. Researchers will study this relationship in people with heart disease and diabetes, and compare it to healthy people.

Objectives:

- To learn if there are links between inflammation and cardiometabolic diseases.

Eligibility:

  • Adults 18 years of age or older with heart disease or diabetes.
  • Healthy volunteers 18 years of age or older.

Design:

  • Participants will have up to six study visits. There will be first visit, then an optional visit 12 months after the first visit.
  • At the study visits they will have:

    • Blood taken with a needle in their arm.
    • An electrocardiogram. Small patches are stuck to the chest and limbs. A machine measures electrical signals of the heart.
    • Completed a number of questionnaires.
    • A body scan called an FDG PET/CT. A substance will be injected through a tube in their arm. They will lie on a special bed that will move in and out of the PET/CT scanner. The PET/CT scanner will take pictures of the body. The scan will last up to 30 minutes.
    • Some participants will have other body scans ( FDG PET/MRI). The procedures are similar to the FDG PET/CT scan. These other scans will last about 30 minutes total.
    • Some participants will also have a CT scan of their heart. A substance will be injected through a tube in their arm. They will lie on a table in a large, donut-shaped machine. An X-ray tube will move around their body, taking many pictures. This procedure can last up to 2 hours.
    • Some participants will have tests that measures blood pressure and how the blood moves through the body.
    • Some participants will have small samples of skin and fat tissue taken.

Condition or disease
Diabetes Mellitus Cardiovascular Disease Healthy Volunteer Inflammation

Detailed Description:
Over the past two decades, the number of subjects with cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) such as atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD), dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and diabetes have been rising. Characterizing these disease states reveals that inflammation is a common feature of CMD; however, mechanistic links between inflammation and these disease states in humans remain poorly understood. In this protocol, we aim to characterize inflammation within the blood vessels, blood, fat and skin in diabetes and coronary artery disease compared to those without disease. We hypothesize that diabetes and coronary disease will be systemic inflammatory states and will provide an important frame of reference for parameters found on novel imaging techniques in another ongoing protocol trying to understand how skin inflammation affects risk for CMD and CVD (13-H-0065).

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 480 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Inflammatory Characterization of Known or Possible Cardiovascular Diseases
Actual Study Start Date : December 2, 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 15, 2029
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 15, 2029

Group/Cohort
Group 1
Healthy volunteers
Group 2
Subjects diagnosed with diabetes
Group 3
Subjects diagnosed cardiovascular disease



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Our primary outcome of interest is vascular inflammation measured by standard uptake values from PET/CT and PET/MRI imaging with FDG [ Time Frame: 1 day to 4 years ]
    vascular inflammation measured by standard uptake values from PET/CT and PET/MRI imaging with FDG


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Our secondary outcomes are mean aortic wall thickness at the most diseased segment on FDG PET/CT and vessel wall area on MRI at the most diseased segment, and we will perform analyses using a model including the same variables as above. [ Time Frame: 1 day to 4 years ]
    Mean Aortic Wall Thickness at the most diseased segment (measured by MRI at FDG PET MRI) --Vessel Wall Area at the most diseased segment (measured by MRI at FDG PET MRI)

  2. As a tertiary analysis, we will add novel biomarkers to the above models including HDL efflux, HOMA-IR and inflammatory mediators to understand the association of each biomarker on vascular disease markers [ Time Frame: 1 day to 4 years ]
    to understand the association of each biomarker on vascular disease markers



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Healthy volunteers and participants diagnosed with diabetes or cardiovascular disease will be recruited for this protocol.@@@
Criteria
  • Cardiovascular Disease Eligibility Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Females and males 18 years of age or older
  • Diagnosis of clinical CAD (including abnormal EKG with a prior infarction pattern, abnormal echo consistent with a wall motion abnormality or a referral note from cardiologist with diagnosis of CAD)
  • CAD that is currently stable (defined by no change in medications for blood pressure, angina or diuretic therapy or in no new CV symptoms over the past month in a patient who has had a primary cardiac event or an abnormal EKG with confirmed wall motion abnormality)
  • CAD which may be associated with chronic stable angina (defined by a clinical syndrome characterized by discomfort in the chest, jaw, shoulder, back, or arm by a physician).
  • CAD that is found on CCTA which may be subclinical

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Pregnant women or lactating women.
  • For optional adipose biopsy, any subject with known bleeding disorder, current fever or on anti-coagulation.
  • For optional MRI, inability to participate due to metal within body, claustrophobia, or anything else that prohibits undergoing a MRI scan
  • Any solid organ or liquid tumor within the past five years, with the exception of nonmelanomatous skin cancer,
  • Active infectious diseases within 3 months requiring antibiotics, collagen vascular diseases such as RA, psoriasis and mixed connective tissue diseases and immune-mediated lung diseases (e.g. IPF, BOOP)
  • A BMI >40 kg/m(2) due to PET MRI restrictions
  • Subjects with severe renal excretory dysfunction, estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min/1.73m(2) body surface area according to the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease criteria, will not receive the cardiac CT angiography, or gadolinium contrast agent during the PET/MRI.
  • Subjects with second -or third-degree AV block or sinus node dysfunction will not receive the 13N-ammonia PET/CT imaging unless these patients have a functioning artificial pacemaker.
  • Subjects with any signs or symptoms of acute coronary syndrome, including vasoreactive hypertension with blood pressure exceeding 180/100, any concerning ST segment changes on ECG, or acute chest pain, will not receive the 13N-ammonia PET/CT imaging.

Diabetes Mellitus Eligibility Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Females and males 18 years of age or older
  • Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), currently stable as defined by no change in antidiabetic medications over the past month and fasting glucose <200

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Pregnant women and or lactating women.
  • For optional adipose biopsy, any subject with known bleeding disorder, current fever or on anti-coagulation.
  • For optional MRI, inability to participate due to metal within body, claustrophobia, or anything else that prohibits undergoing a MRI scan
  • Any solid organ or liquid tumor within the past five years, with the exception of nonmelanomatous skin cancer,
  • Active infectious diseases within 3 months requiring antibiotics, collagen vascular diseases such as RA, psoriasis and mixed connective tissue diseases and immune-mediated lung diseases (e.g. IPF, BOOP)
  • A BMI >40 kg/m(2) due to PET MRI restrictions
  • Subjects with severe renal excretory dysfunction, estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min/1.73m(2) body surface area according to the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease criteria, will not receive the cardiac CT angiography, or gadolinium contrast agent during the PET/MRI.
  • Subjects with second -or third-degree AV block or sinus node dysfunction will not receive the 13N-ammonia PET/CT imaging unless these patients have a functioning artificial pacemaker.
  • Subjects with any signs or symptoms of acute coronary syndrome, including vasoreactive hypertension with blood pressure exceeding 180/100, any concerning ST segment changes on ECG, or acute chest pain, will not receive the 13N-ammonia PET/CT imaging.

Healthy Volunteers:

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

-Females and males 18 years of age or older without any clinical diagnosis of a chronic health condition that is knownto accelerate vascular disease beyond traditional risk factors including lung disease or active infection

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • For imaging studies, pregnant women
  • For imaging studies, lactating women
  • For optional MRI, inability to participate due to in optional MRI metal within body, claustrophobia, or anything else that prohibits undergoing a MRI scan
  • Any solid organ or liquid tumor within the past five years, with the exception of non melanomatous skin cancer,
  • Active infectious diseases within 3 months requiring antibiotics, collagen vascular diseases such as RA, psoriasis and mixed connective tissue diseases and immune-mediated lung diseases (e.g. IPF, BOOP)
  • Clinical diagnosis of diabetes or cardiovascular disease
  • Fasting glucose >125,
  • LDL>200,
  • LFT s 3 times normal limit,
  • eGFR<60,
  • Subjects with severe renal excretory dysfunction will not receive the cardiac CT angiography, or gadolinium contrast agent during the PET/MRI.
  • A BMI >40 kg/m(2) due to PET MRI restrictions.
  • Subjects with second -or third-degree AV block or sinus node dysfunction will not receive the 13N-ammonia PET/CT imaging unless these patients have a functioning artificial pacemaker.
  • Subjects with any signs or symptoms of acute coronary syndrome, including vasoreactive hypertension with blood pressure exceeding 180/100, any concerning ST segment changes on ECG, or acute chest pain, will not receive the 13N-ammonia PET/CT imaging.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01934660


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Tania R Machado (301) 661-1505 tania.machado@nih.gov
Contact: Nehal N Mehta, M.D. (301) 827-0473 mehtann@mail.nih.gov

Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Nehal N Mehta, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01934660    
Other Study ID Numbers: 130194
13-H-0194
First Posted: September 4, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 19, 2021
Last Verified: November 16, 2021

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ):
Cardiovascular Disease
Diabetes Mellitus
Inflammation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus
Inflammation
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Pathologic Processes