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NeoMET Study in Neoadjuvant Treatment of Breast Cancer (NeoMET)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01929811
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 28, 2013
Last Update Posted : July 8, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kunwei Shen, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
To evaluate docetaxel, epirubicin and cyclophosphomide (TEC) with TEC plus metformin in neoadjuvant treatment of breast cancer patients. The aim is to evaluate whether metformin can increase the pCR rate combination with TEC regimen in neoadjuvant setting.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
pCR Rate BCT Rate Safety Drug: Metformin Drug: Docetaxel Drug: Epirubicin Drug: cyclophosphomide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Neoadjuvant therapy is the standard treatment for locally advanced breast cancer and has adopted in early breast cancer treatment. A meta-analysis showed no difference between neoadjuvant therapy and adjuvant therapy in terms of survival and overall disease progression. Therefore, neoadjuvant treatment can be offered as a standard treatment and as an alternative to adjuvant treatment to all patients who are expected to be candidates for adjuvant systemic chemotherapy. Patients achieved pCR after treatment have superior outcome.

The taxanes were introduced into clinical practice in the early 1990s, and recent meta-analysis showed that compared with anthracycline-containing chemotherapy, taxanes-containing regimens significantly reduced the annual breast cancer recurrences and deaths. Right now, TAC regimen has widely accepted as adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens in breast cancer treatment.

Metformin, an inexpensive oral agent commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes, has been garnering increasing attention as a potential anti-cancer agent. In neoadjuvant treatment of breast cancer, a retrospective clinical study from MDACC reported a significantly increased pCR rates to standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy in diabetic breast cancer patients who were receiving metformin (24% pCR) compared to diabetics not receiving metformin (8% pCR), with intermediate rates in non-diabetics who did not receive metformin (16% pCR), indicating metformin may increase pCR rate with neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Base on these data, we initiate a prospective study to evaluate docetaxel, epirubicin and cyclophosphomide (TEC) with TEC plus metformin in neoadjuvant treatment of breast cancer patients. Our aim is to evaluate whether metformin can increase the pCR rate combination with TEC regimen in neoadjuvant setting.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 92 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Neoadjuvant Treatment of TEC Versus TEC Plus Metformin in Breast Cancer:A Prospective, Randomized Trial
Actual Study Start Date : October 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Metformin arm
Docetaxel: 75mg/m2, d1, q3w*6 Epirubicin: 75mg/m2, d1, q3w*6 Cyclophosphamide: 500mg/m2, d1, q3w*6 Metformin: 500mg tid, orally (500mg daily in first cycle)
Drug: Metformin
Metformin: 500mg tid, orally (500mg daily in first cycle) on day 1 to day 21 of each 21 day cycle
Other Names:
  • Metformin HCL
  • Metformin hydroehloride

Drug: Docetaxel
75 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on day 1 of each 21 day cycle; 6 cycles.

Drug: Epirubicin
75 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on day 1 of each 21 day cycle; 6 cycles.

Drug: cyclophosphomide
500 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on day 1 of each 21 day cycle; 6 cycles.

TEC
Docetaxel: 75mg/m2, d1, q3w*6 Epirubicin: 75mg/m2, d1, q3w*6 Cyclophosphamide: 500mg/m2, d1, q3w*6
Drug: Docetaxel
75 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on day 1 of each 21 day cycle; 6 cycles.

Drug: Epirubicin
75 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on day 1 of each 21 day cycle; 6 cycles.

Drug: cyclophosphomide
500 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on day 1 of each 21 day cycle; 6 cycles.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. pathologic complete response rate [ Time Frame: 5 months ]

    To compare pathologic complete response (pCR) rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy between Docetaxel, Epirubicin and Cyclophosphamide (TEC) arm and TEC plus Metformin arm in breast cancer.

    Definition of pCR is no invasive tumor in primary breast and axillary lymph node.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical response rate [ Time Frame: up to 4.5 months ]
    To compare the clinical response rate between Docetaxel, Epirubicin and Cyclophosphamide (TEC) arm and TEC plus Metformin arm in breast cancer neoadjuvant treatment.

  2. safety profile [ Time Frame: up to 4.5 months ]
    To compare the tolerability and side effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy between Docetaxel, Epirubicin and Cyclophosphamide (TEC) arm and TEC plus Metformin arm in breast cancer treatment.

  3. breast conservation therapy (BCT) rate [ Time Frame: 5 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • women aged ≥18 years and < 70 years with life expectancy > 12 months
  • Measurable disease in breast or axillary lymph node, histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer by core needle biopsy, T≥2cm or stage IIb or stage III according AJCC classification, fine-needle aspiration is encouraged to every patient with metastasis suspicious nodes;
  • Biopsy specimens are available for ER, PgR, Her2 and proliferation biomarker detection;
  • Adequate bone marrow function: Neutrophil ≥ 1.5*109/L; Hb ≥ 100g/L; PLT ≥ 80*109/L;
  • Adequate liver and renal function:
  • Serum AST ≤ 90U/L
  • Bilirubin ≤ upper limit of normal (UNL) range
  • Serum creatinine ≤110 umol/L,calculated creatinine clearance should be ≥ 60 mL/min;
  • BUN ≤ 7.1mmol/L;
  • Has ECOG Performance Score 0-1;
  • BMI ≥ 25kg/m2 or hyperglycemia or hyperlipemia or hypertension;
  • Willing to take biopsy before neoadjuvant chemotherapy and patients must be accessible for treatment and follow-up;
  • Women with potential child-bearing must have a negative pregnancy test (urine or serum) within 7 days of drug administration and agree to use an acceptable method of birth control to avoid pregnancy for the duration of the study;
  • Written informed consent according to the local ethics committee requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior systemic or loco-regional treatment of breast cancer, including chemotherapy;
  • Metastatic breast cancer;
  • With a history of malignant tumor except uterine cervix cancer in situ or skin basal cell carcinoma;
  • Patients with medical conditions that indicate intolerant to neoadjuvant therapy and related treatment, including uncontrolled pulmonary disease, severe infection, active peptic ulcer, coagulation disorder, connective tissue disease or myelo-suppressive disease;
  • Has active hepatitis B or hepatitis C with abnormal liver function tests (LFTs) or is known to be HIV positive;
  • Contraindication for using dexamethasone, chemotherapy agents or metformin;
  • History of congestive heart failure, uncontrolled or symptomatic angina pectoris, arrhythmia or myocardial infarction; poorly controlled hypertension (systolic BP >180mmHg or diastolic BP >100mmHg);
  • Has peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 1;
  • Patient is pregnant or breast feeding (not willing to stop breast feeding);
  • Not willing to take core needle biopsy or patients with psychiatric disorder or other diseases leading to incompliance to the therapy
  • Known severe hypersensitivity to any drugs in this study;
  • Treatment with any investigational drugs within 30 days before the beginning of study treatment.
  • History of lactic or other metabolic acidosis
  • Consumption of > 3 alcoholic beverages per day (on average)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01929811


Locations
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China, Shandong
Linyi People's Hospital
Linyi, Shandong, China, 276003
China, Shanghai
Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine
Shanghai, Shanghai, China, 200025
Sponsors and Collaborators
Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kunwei Shen, Dr. Ruijin Hospital
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Responsible Party: Kunwei Shen, Professor, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01929811    
Other Study ID Numbers: RJBC1301
First Posted: August 28, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 8, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Metformin
Docetaxel
Epirubicin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors