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Study to Assess the Effect of Rifampicin (CYP Inducer) on Blood Levels and Safety of Olaparib in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumours

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01929603
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 28, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 16, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca

Brief Summary:
This is a 2-part study in patients with advanced solid tumours. Part A will investigate the effect of rifampicin on the PK parameters of olaparib in patients; Part B will allow patients continued access to olaparib after the PK phase and will provide additional safety data.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Solid Tumours Procedure: Pharmacokinetic sampling Drug: Rifampicin Drug: Olaparib tablet dosing Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Official Title: A Non-randomised, Open-label, Sequential, Multicentre, Two-part, Phase I Study to Assess the Effect of Rifampicin, a CYP Inducer, on the Pharmacokinetics of Olaparib Following Oral Dosing of a Tablet Formulation in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumours
Study Start Date : December 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Olaparib alone, olaparib+rifampicin
Sequential treatments of olaparib alone followed by olaparib+rifampicin, with a washout period inbetween.
Procedure: Pharmacokinetic sampling
Blood sampling to measure olaparib, rifampicin and 4β-hydroxycholesterol

Drug: Rifampicin
Rifampicin (CYP inducer) 600mg taken once daily from Day 5 to Day 14 (Part A)

Drug: Olaparib tablet dosing
Olaparib 300mg tablet taken on Days 1 and 14 (Part A). Part B dosing is 300mg olaparib bi-daily




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetics of olaparib by assessment of maximum plasma olaparib concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Blood samples are collected on olaparib dosing days (Day 1 and 14) at pre-dose, 0.25 , 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours post olaparib dose Part A. ]
    Rate and extent of absorption of olaparib following single oral doses of olaparib tablet formulation by assessment of maximum plasma olaparib concentration (Cmax). Olaparib doses are first without, then with rifampicin.

  2. Pharmacokinetics of olaparib by assessment of area under the plasma concentration time curve from zero to infinity (AUC) [ Time Frame: Blood samples are collected on olaparib dosing days (Day 1 and 14) at pre-dose, 0.25 , 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours post olaparib dose Part A. ]

    Rate and extent of absorption of olaparib following single oral doses of olaparib tablet formulation by assessment of area under the plasma concentration time curve from zero to infinity (AUC).

    Olaparib doses are first without, then with rifampicin.


  3. Pharmacokinetics of olaparib by assessment of area under the plasma concentration time curve from zero to the last measurable time point, AUC0-t, if AUC is not adequately estimable. [ Time Frame: Blood samples are collected on olaparib dosing days (Day 1 and 14) at pre-dose, 0.25 , 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours post olaparib dose Part A. ]
    Rate and extent of absorption of olaparib following single oral doses of olaparib tablet formulation by assessment of area under the plasma concentration time curve from zero to the last measurable time point, AUC0-t, if AUC is not adequately estimable. Olaparib doses are first without, then with rifampicin.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetics of olaparib by assessment of time to reach maximum plasma concentration for olaparib (tmax). [ Time Frame: Blood samples are collected on olaparib dosing days (Day 1 and 14) at pre-dose, 0.25 , 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours post olaparib dose Part A. ]
    Rate and extent of absorption of olaparib following single oral doses of olaparib tablet formulation by assessment of time to reach maximum plasma concentration for olaparib (tmax). Olaparib doses are first without, then with rifampicin.

  2. Pharmacokinetics of olaparib by assessment of olaparib area under the plasma concentration time curve from zero to the last measurable time point (AUC0-τ). [ Time Frame: Blood samples are collected on olaparib dosing days (Day 1 and 14) at pre-dose, 0.25 , 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours post olaparib dose Part A. ]
    Rate and extent of absorption of olaparib following single oral doses of olaparib tablet formulation by assessment of olaparib area under the plasma concentration time curve from zero to the last measurable time point (AUC0-τ). Olaparib doses are first without, then with rifampicin.

  3. Pharmacokinetics of olaparib by assessment of olaparib apparent clearance (CL/F). [ Time Frame: Blood samples are collected on olaparib dosing days (Day 1 and 14) at pre-dose, 0.25 , 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours post olaparib dose Part A. ]
    Rate and extent of absorption of olaparib following single oral doses of olaparib tablet formulation by assessment of olaparib apparent clearance (CL/F). Olaparib doses are first without, then with rifampicin.

  4. Pharmacokinetics of olaparib by assessment of olaparib apparent volume of distribution (Vz/F). [ Time Frame: Blood samples are collected on olaparib dosing days (Day 1 and 14) at pre-dose, 0.25 , 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours post olaparib dose Part A. ]
    Rate and extent of absorption of olaparib following single oral doses of olaparib tablet formulation by assessment of olaparib apparent volume of distribution (Vz/F). Olaparib doses are first without, then with rifampicin.

  5. Pharmacokinetics of olaparib by assessment of olaparib terminal half-life (t1/2). [ Time Frame: Blood samples are collected on olaparib dosing days (Day 1 and 14) at pre-dose, 0.25 , 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours post olaparib dose Part A. ]
    Rate and extent of absorption of olaparib following single oral doses of olaparib tablet formulation by assessment of olaparib terminal half-life (t1/2). Olaparib doses are first without, then with rifampicin.

  6. Pharmacokinetics of rifampicin by assessment of plasma concentrations of rifampicin during rifampicin dosing period. [ Time Frame: Rifampicin is dosed daily from Days 5 to 17 in Part A. Blood samples are collected on Days 5, 9, 14 and 17 at 2 hours post rifampicin dose ]
    Rate and extent of absorption of rifampicin following multiple doses of rifampicin by assessment of plasma concentrations of rifampicin during rifampicin dosing period.

  7. Demonstration of induction of CYP by assessment of plasma concentrations of 4β-hydroxycholesterol during rifampicin dosing period. [ Time Frame: Blood samples are collected on Days 5, 9, 14 and 17 at pre-dose of rifampicin in Part A ]
    Demonstration of CYP induction by assessment of plasma concentrations of 4β-hydroxycholesterol during rifampicin dosing period.

  8. Assessment of the safety and tolerability of olaparib by collection of adverse event reports [ Time Frame: Part A: From baseline, every visit until 30 days after last dose. Part B, from start to 12 months after the last patient has entered Part B ]
    Assessment of adverse events (AEs) graded by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.0

  9. Determine safety and tolerability of olaparib by assessment of 12 lead electrocardiograms [ Time Frame: Part A: baseline, Days -1, 17 (and within 30 days post last olaparib dose if not in Part B). ]
    Assessment of standard 12 lead electrocardiograms (ECGs)

  10. Determine safety and tolerability of olaparib by physical examination [ Time Frame: Part A: baseline, Day -1 and within 30 days after last dose. Part B: Day 1. ]
    Assessment of physical examination

  11. Determine safety and tolerability of olaparib by assessment of vital signs [ Time Frame: Part A: baseline, Days 1,2 and 3. Part B: Days 1,8,15,22,29 then every 4 weeks. Final assessment within 30 days after last dose. ]
    Assessment of standard vital signs (including blood pressure, pulse)

  12. Determine safety and tolerability of olaparib by assessment of clinical chemistry results [ Time Frame: Part A: baseline, Days -1, 9, 14, 17. Part B: Days 1,8,15,22,29 then every 4 weeks. Final assessment within 30 days after last dose. ]
    Assessment of laboratory parameters (clinical chemistry)

  13. Determine safety and tolerability of olaparib by assessment of haematology results [ Time Frame: Part A: baseline, Days -1, 9, 14, 17. Part B: Days 1,8,15,22,29 then every 4 weeks. Final assessment within 30 days after last dose. ]
    Assessment of laboratory parameters (haematology)

  14. Determine safety and tolerability of olaparib by assessment of urinalysis results [ Time Frame: Part A: baseline, Days -1, 14, 17. Part B: Day 1 only ]
    Assessment of laboratory parameters (urinalysis)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:-

For inclusion in the study, patients should fulfil the following criteria:

  1. Provision of written informed consent prior to any study-specific procedures.
  2. Patients aged greater than or equal to 18 years.
  3. Histologically or, where appropriate, cytologically confirmed malignant solid tumour refractory or resistant to standard therapy or for which no suitable effective standard therapy exists.

4 Patients must have normal organ and bone marrow function measured within 28 days prior to administration of investigational product (IP) as defined below: Haemoglobin (Hb) greater than or equal to 10.0 g/dL, with no blood transfusions in the previous 28 days.

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1.5 x 109/L. White blood cells (WBC) greater than 3 x 109/L. Platelet count greater than or equal to 100 x 109/L. Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (except in the case of Gilbert's disease).

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than or equal to 2.5 x institutional ULN unless liver metastases are present, in which case it must be less than or equal to 5x ULN, Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x institutional ULN.

5. Calculated serum creatinine clearance greater than 50 mL/min (using Cockroft-Gault formula or by 24 hour urine collection).

6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status less than or equal to 2.

7. Patients must have a life expectancy of greater than or equal to 16 weeks. 8. Evidence of non-childbearing status for women of childbearing potential, or post menopausal status: negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 28 days of study treatment, confirmed prior to treatment on Day 1 of Part A. Post-menopausal is defined as: Amenorrheic for 1 year or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments.

Luteinising hormone and follicle stimulating hormone levels in the post menopausal range for women under 50 years of age.

Radiation-induced oophorectomy with last menses greater than 1 year ago. Chemotherapy-induced menopause with greater than 1 year interval since last menses.

Surgical sterilisation (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy). 9. Patients are willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations.

10. Patients must be on a stable concomitant medication regimen (with the exception of electrolyte supplements), defined as no changes in medication or in dose within the 2 weeks prior to start of olaparib dosing, except for bisphosphonates, denosumab, and corticosteroids, which should be at a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to the start of olaparib dosing.

Exclusion Criteria:- Patients should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled.

  1. Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to AstraZeneca staff, its agents, and/or staff at the study site).
  2. Previous enrolment in the present study.
  3. Participation in another clinical study with an IP during the last 14 days (or a longer period depending on the defined characteristics of the agents used).
  4. Patients receiving any systemic chemotherapy or radiotherapy (except for palliative reasons) within 2 weeks prior to study treatment (or a longer period depending on the defined characteristics of the agents used). The patient can receive a stable dose of bisphosphonates or denosumab for bone metastases, before and during the study, as long as these were started at least 4 weeks prior to treatment.
  5. Patients who have received or are receiving inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4.
  6. Toxicities (greater than or equal to Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] Grade 2) caused by previous cancer therapy, excluding alopecia.
  7. Any intake of grapefruit, grapefruit juice, Seville oranges, Seville orange marmalade, or other products containing grapefruit or Seville oranges within 7 days of the first administration of the IP until the end of Part A.
  8. Patients with brain metastases. A scan to confirm the absence of brain metastases is not required.
  9. Major surgery within 2 weeks of starting study treatment and patients must have recovered from any effects of major surgery.
  10. Patients considered a poor medical risk due to a serious uncontrolled medical disorder, non malignant systemic disease, uncontrolled seizures, or active uncontrolled infection. Examples include, but are not limited to, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (within 3 months) myocardial infarction, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, unstable spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, extensive bilateral interstitial lung disease on high resolution computer tomography (HRCT) scan, or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent.
  11. Patients who have diabetes mellitus.
  12. Patients who have gastric, gastro-oesophageal, or oesophageal cancer .
  13. Patients unable to swallow orally administered medication and patients with gastrointestinal disorders or significant gastrointestinal resection likely to interfere with the absorption of olaparib.
  14. Breastfeeding women.
  15. Immunocompromised patients, eg, patients who are known to be serologically positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  16. Patients with known active hepatic disease (eg, hepatitis B or C).
  17. Patients with a known hypersensitivity to rifampicin or any of the excipients of the product.
  18. Patients with a known hypersensitivity to olaparib or any of the excipients of the product.
  19. Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) at screening with measurable QT interval (QT) corrected for heart rate (QTc) greater than 470 msec at 2 or more time points within a 24 hour period or family history of long QT syndrome.
  20. Concomitant medication contraindicated for use with rifampicin (including, but not limited to): atazanavir, darunavir, fosamprenavir, ritonavir-boosted saquinavir, saquinavir, or tipranavir.
  21. Patients who have jaundice.
  22. Patients who weigh less than 50 kg.
  23. Clinical judgment by the investigator that the patient should not participate in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01929603


Locations
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Belgium
Research Site
Edegem, Belgium
Research Site
Gent, Belgium
Research Site
Wilrijk, Belgium
Netherlands
Research Site
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Research Site
Maastricht, Netherlands
Sponsors and Collaborators
AstraZeneca
Investigators
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Study Director: Anitra Fielding AstraZeneca Senior Research Physician
Principal Investigator: Luc Dirix GZA Ziekenhuizen Campus Sint-Augustinus
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01929603    
Other Study ID Numbers: D0816C00008
First Posted: August 28, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 16, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017
Keywords provided by AstraZeneca:
oncology, cancer, tumour, anticancer drug, pharmacokinetics, olaparib, rifampicin, neoplasm, CYP P450 inducer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Rifampin
Olaparib
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Leprostatic Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6 Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C8 Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inducers