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Japan PhI/II of GSK2118436 and GSK1120212 Combination in Subjects With BRAF V600E/K Mutation Positive Advanced Solid Tumors (Phase I Part) or Cutaneous Melanoma (Phase II Part)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01928940
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 27, 2013
Results First Posted : October 2, 2015
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:
This is a Japanese Phase I/II, open-label, non-controlled study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic profile, and efficacy of the combination of GSK2118436 and GSK1120212 in subjects with BRAF V600E/K mutation positive advanced solid tumors (Phase I part) and BRAF V600E/K mutation positive cutaneous melanoma (Phase II part).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Solid Tumours Drug: dabrafenib Drug: trametinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a Japanese Phase I/II, open-label, non-controlled study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic profile, and efficacy of the combination of GSK2118436 and GSK1120212 in subjects with BRAF V600E/K mutation positive advanced solid tumors (Phase I part) and BRAF V600E/K mutation positive cutaneous melanoma (Phase II part). Phase I part is designed to primarily assess the safety and tolerability of GSK2118436 and GSK1120212 combination therapy in subjects with BRAF V600E/K mutation positive advanced solid tumors. Six evaluable subjects will be enrolled into Phase I part and receive the combination therapy of GSK2118436 (150 mg, twice daily) and GSK1120212 (2 mg, once daily). A decision for starting Phase II part will be made by careful review based on available safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetic data in Phase I part. Phase II part is designed to primarily evaluate ORR of the combination as first-line therapy in subjects with unresectable (Stage IIIC) or metastatic (Stage IV) BRAF V600E/K mutation positive cutaneous melanoma. Subjects who have had prior systemic anti-cancer treatment in the advanced or metastatic setting will not be eligible for Phase II part although prior systemic treatment in the adjuvant setting will be allowed. Six evaluable subjects will be enrolled in Phase II part.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Japanese Open-label Phase I/II Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of GSK2118436 and GSK1120212 Combination Therapy in Subjects With BRAF V600E/K Mutation Positive Advanced Solid Tumors (Phase I Part) and BRAF V600E/K Mutation Positive Cutaneous Melanoma (Phase II Part).
Study Start Date : August 15, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 18, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : July 4, 2016


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: dabrafenib + trametinib
Combination therapy of dabrafenib and trametinib
Drug: dabrafenib
150 mg twice daily

Drug: trametinib
2 mg once daily




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phase I: Number of Participants With Any Adverse Event (AE) and Any Serious Adverse Event (SAE) [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment until 30 days after study treatment discontinuation (average of 1.38 year) ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence (MO) in a part. temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product (MP), whether or not considered related to the MP and can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with its use. SAE is defined as any untoward MO that, at any dose, results in death, is life threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in disability/incapacity, a congenital anomaly/birth defect and protocol-specific SAEs:ALT>=3xupper limit of normal(ULN) and bilirubin>=2xULN(>35% direct) (or ALT>=3xULN, international normalized ratio>1.5), any new primary cancers, treatment emergent malignancies except basal cell carcinoma, symptomatic or asymptomatic LVEF decrease, retinal pigment epithelial detachment or retinal vein occlusion, pyrexia with hypotension,or dehydration or renal insufficiency,or severe (>=G3) rigor/chills.

  2. Phase I: Number of Participants With a Dose-limiting Toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment until 21 days ]
    A DLT was defined as an event occurred during the first 21 days after the first dose of study drugs and met any of the following criteria, according to National Cancer Institutes (NCI) common terminology criteria for AE (CTCAE) grade (G) version 4.0: G4 hematological toxicity; G3 or G4 non-hematologic toxicity (including rash, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea only if uncontrolled with supportive therapy); rash >=G3 that required dose reduction despite supportive care; a G2 or greater non-hematological toxicity that in the judgment of the investigator and medical monitor; dose interruption of greater than 14 consecutive days due to unresolved toxicity; any new G2 or greater valvular heart disease and significant alteration in cardiac valve morphology from Baseline.

  3. Phase I: Number of Participants With the Indicated Worst-case Change From Baseline (BL) in the Indicated Clinical Chemistry Parameters (CCPs) [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 year) ]
    CCPs were graded according to NCI CTCAE grade version 4.0 as: G1, Mild; G2, Moderate; G3, Severe; G4, Life-threatening or disabling; G5, Death. Data are presented for only those parameters (para) for which an increase to G3 or G4 from BL G occurred. CCPs that were not G according to NCI CTCAE criteria, were categorized as High and Low with respect to the normal range. Data are presented only for those para for which the category decreased to Low or increased to High relative to the BL category. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments. CCPs included: albumin, alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin, calcium, creatinine, glucose, potassium, magnesium, sodium, inorganic phosphorus, chloride, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), total protein, urea/blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and uric acid.

  4. Phase I: Number of Participants With the Indicated Worst-case Change From Baseline in the Indicated Hematology Parameters [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 year) ]
    Hematology parameters were summarized according to NCI CTCAE G, version 4.0 as: G1, Mild; G2, Moderate; G3, Severe; G4, Life-threatening or disabling; G5, Death. Data are presented for only those parameters for which an increase to G3 or G4 from Baseline G occurred. For hematology parameters that were not graded according to NCI CTCAE criteria, were categorized as High and Low with respect to the normal range. Data are presented only for those parameters for which the category decreased to Low or increased to High relative to the Baseline category. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments. Hematology parameters included: hemoglobin, lymphocytes, total neutrophils, platelet count, white blood cell (WBC) counts, basophils, eosinophils, hematocrit, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), monocytes and red blood cell (RBC) count.

  5. Phase I: Number of Participants With the Indicated Urinalysis Parameters [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 year) ]
    Urine samples were collected for urine dipstick analysis at Baseline and at the post-treatment Visit. The number of participants with negative (absence) and positive (presence: trace, 1+, 2+, 3+, 4+ or 5+) results for urine occult blood (UOB), urine glucose (UGLU), urine ketones (UKET), urine protein (UP) and urine urobilinogen (UUBIL) were summarized. The Baseline value is defined as the last pre-treatment value observed.

  6. Phase I: Number of Participants With the Indicated Worst-case On-therapy Change From Baseline in Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance (Pef) Status [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 year) ]
    The ECOG pef status 5-point scale is used to assess how a participant's disease is progressing, to assess how the disease affects the daily living abilities of the par. and to determine appropriate treatment and prognosis: G0, fully active, able to carry on all pre-disease pef without restriction. G1, restricted in physically strenuous activity but ambulatory and able to carry out work of a light or sedentary nature, example, light house work, office work. G2, ambulatory and capable of all selfcare, but unable to carry out any work activities; up and about >50 percent (%) of waking hrs. G3, capable of only limited selfcare; confined to bed or chair >50% of waking hrs. G4, completely disabled; cannot carry on any selfcare; totally confined to bed or chair. G5, dead. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments. Number of par. who improved, had no change, or deteriorated in pef status from BL is summarized.

  7. Phase I: Number of Participants With Worst-case On-therapy Increase From Baseline in Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure to Grade 2 or Grade 3 [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 year) ]
    Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) values were graded using (NCI CTCAE version 4.0). SBP was categorized as: G1 (Increase to >=120 to 140 millimeters of mercury [mmHg]), G2 (Increase to >=140 to <160 mmHg), and G3 (Increase to >=160 mmHg). DBP was categorized as: G1 (Increase to >=80 to <90 mmHg), G2 (Increase to >=90 to <100 mmHg), and G3 (Increase to >=100 mmHg). The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments. An increase is defined as an increase in the CTCAE grade relative to the Baseline grade. Participants with missing Baseline values were assumed to have a Baseline value of G0.

  8. Phase I: Number of Participants With Worst-case On-therapy Change From Baseline in Heart Rate [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 year) ]
    Change from Baseline in heart rate is categorized as decrease to <60 beats per minute (bpm), change to normal or no change, and increase to >100 bpm relative to the Baseline value. Participants with a missing Baseline value are assumed to have a normal Baseline value. Participants were counted twice if the participant's heart rate value decreased to <60 bpm and increased to >100 bpm post-Baseline. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments.

  9. Phase I: Number of Participants With Worst-case On-therapy Change From Baseline in Temperature [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Change from Baseline in temperature is categorized as a decrease to <=35 degrees celsius (C), change to normal or no change as 35-38 degrees C, and increase to >=38 degrees C relative to the Baseline value. Participants with a missing Baseline value are assumed to have a normal Baseline value. Participants were counted twice if the participant temperature value decreased to <=35 degrees C and increased to >=38 degrees C post-Baseline. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments.

  10. Phase I: Change From Baseline in Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) Measured Via Pulse Oxymetry at the Indicated Time Points [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 year) ]
    Oxygen saturation measures the capacity of blood to transport oxygen to other parts of the body. Oxygen binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells when moving through the lungs. A pulse oximeter uses two frequencies of light (red and infrared) to determine the percentage of hemoglobin in the blood that is saturated with oxygen,that is called as blood oxygen saturation or SpO2. Change from Baseline was calculated as the individual post-Baseline value (Days 8,15; Weeks 3 to 136 and post-treatment Visit) minus the Baseline value. The Baseline value is defined as the last pre-treatment value observed.

  11. Phase I: Change From Baseline in Weight at the Indicated Time Points [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit ( average of 1.38 year) ]
    Mean change in body weight from Baseline was determined. Change from Baseline was calculated as the individual post-Baseline value (Weeks 3 to 136 and post-treatment Visit) minus the Baseline value. The Baseline value is defined as the last pre-treatment value observed.

  12. Phase I: Number of Participants With the Indicated Electrocardiogram (ECG) Findings at the Indicated Time Points [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 year) ]
    Single twelve (12)-lead ECGs were perfomred at Baseline, Weeks 3 to 132 and post-treatment Visit. ECG findings were categorized as: normal, abnormal - clinically significant (CS), or abnormal - not clinically significant (NCS), as determined by the investigator.

  13. Phase I: Number of Participants With Worst-case On-therapy Change From Baseline in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) as Assessed by Echocardiogram (ECHO) [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Absolute change from Baseline in LVEF were summarized at each scheduled assessment time and in the worst-case post Baseline. Only the post Baseline assessments that used the same method (ECHO or Multi Gated Acquisition Scan [MUGA]) as the Baseline assessments were used to derive the change from Baseline. The change from Baseline was categorized as: any increase; no change; 0-<10 Decrease, 10-19 Decrease, >=20 Decrease, >=10 Decrease and >= lower limit of normal (LLN), >=10 Decrease and below LLN, >=20 Decrease and >=LLN and >=20 Decrease and below LLN. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments.

  14. Phase II: Number of Participant With Confirmed Overall Response [ Time Frame: Every 8 weeks from start of the treatment until disease progression, death, or withdrawal of consent (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Confirmed overall response (ORR) is defined as the percentage of participants with a confirmed complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. RECIST is a set of rules that define when tumors in cancer participants improve ("respond"), stay the same ("stabilize"), or worsen ("progress") during treatment. CR is defined as disappearance of all target lesions. PR is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions after treatment from Baseline (before study drug administration). ORR was assessed by investigator and blinded independent central review (BICR).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phase I: Area Under the Plasma Concentration Versus Time Curve (AUC) of GSK2118436 and Metabolites, and GSK1120212 After Single and Repeat Dose [ Time Frame: At pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 24 hr after administration of GSK2118436 + GSK1120212 on Day 1 (single dose) and at pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 hr on Day 21 (repeat dose) ]
    Blood samples were collected from each par. at pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 24 hr after administration of GSK2118436 + GSK1120212 on Day 1 (single dose) and at pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 hr post-dose on Day 21 (repeat dose) for PK analysis. GSK2118436 metabolites included GSK2285403, GSK2298683, and GSK2167542. AUC from time zero to last quantifiable concentration (concn) (AUC[0-t]) was determined using the linear trapezoidal rule for increasing concn and the logarithmic trapezoidal rule for decreasing. The AUC from time zero extrapolated to infinity (AUC[0-inf] was calculated, where data permit, as the sum of AUC(0-t) and Ct/z, where Ct is the observed plasma concn obtained from the log-linear regression analysis of the last quantifiable time-point and z is the terminal phase rate constant. Area under the concentration-time curve over 12 hr and 24 hr dosing interval is called AUC[0-12] and AUC[0-24]. AUC(0-inf) was calculated only at Day 1.

  2. Phase I: Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of GSK2118436 and Metabolites, and GSK1120212 After a Single and Repeat Dose [ Time Frame: At pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 24 hr after administration of GSK2118436 + GSK1120212 on Day 1 (single dose) and at pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 hr on Day 21 (repeat dose) ]
    Blood samples were collected from each participant at pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 24 hr after administration of GSK2118436 + GSK1120212 on Day 1 (single dose) and at pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 hr post-dose on Day 21 (repeat dose) for PK analysis. GSK2118436 metabolites included GSK2285403, GSK2298683 and GSK2167542. Cmax was determined from the raw concentration-time data.

  3. Phase I: Plasma Trough Concentration (Ctau) of GSK2118436 and Metabolites, and GSK1120212 After a Single and Repeat Dose [ Time Frame: At pre-dose on Day 8, Day 15, Weeks 3, 8, 16 and 24 ]
    Trough concentration is the lowest level that a drug is present in the body. Pre-dose (trough) blood samples were collected on Day 8, Day 15, Weeks 3, 8, 16 and 24 for estimating plasma trough concentration. GSK2118436 metabolites included GSK2285403, GSK2298683, and GSK2167542. Ctau was determined from the raw concentration-time data.

  4. Phase I: Time of Occurrence of Cmax (Tmax) and Terminal Phase Half Life (t1/2) of GSK2118436 and Metabolites, and GSK1120212 After a Single and Repeat Dose [ Time Frame: At pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 24 hr after administration of GSK2118436 + GSK1120212 on Day 1 (single dose) and at pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 hr on Day 21 (repeat dose) ]
    Blood samples were collected from each participant at pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 24 hr after administration of GSK2118436 + GSK1120212 on Day 1 (single dose) and at pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 hr post-dose on Day 21 (repeat dose) for PK analysis. GSK2118436 metabolites included GSK2285403, GSK2298683, and GSK2167542. Tmax is defined as the time of occurrence of Cmax. Tmax was determined directly from the raw concentration-time data. The apparent terminal elimination half-life (t1/2) obtained as the ratio of ln2/lamdaz, where lamdaz is the terminal phase rate constant estimated by linear regression analysis of the log transformed concentration-time data. . T1/2 was calculated only at Day 1.

  5. Phase I: Number of Participants With Confirmed Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: Every 8 weeks from start of the treatment until disease progression, death, or withdrawal of consent (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Confirmed ORR is defined as the percentage of participants with a confirmed CR or PR according to RECIST, version 1.1. RECIST is a set of rules that define when tumors in cancer participants improve ("respond"), stay the same ("stabilize"), or worsen ("progress") during treatment. CR is defined as the disappearance of all target lesions. PR is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions after treatment from Baseline (before study drug administration). ORR was assessed by investigator and BICR.

  6. Phase I: Number of Participants With Unconfirmed Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: Every 8 weeks from start of the treatment until disease progression, death, or withdrawal of consent (average of 1.38 years) ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of participants with an unconfirmed CR or PR according to RECIST version 1.1. RECIST is a set of rules that define when tumors in cancer participants improve ("respond"), stay the same ("stabilize"), or worsen ("progress") during treatment. CR is defined as disappearance of all target lesions. Partial response is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions after treatment from Baseline (before study drug administration). Unconfirmed ORR was assessed by investigator and BICR.

  7. Phase I: Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From start of the treatment until disease progression or death (average of 1.38 years) ]
    PFS is defined as the time from the first dose of study treatment to the earliest date of disease progression or death due to any cause. The length of this interval is estimated as the date of death or disease progression minus the date of first dose plus one day. The date of documented disease progression is defined as the date of disease progression based on radiologic evidence. Participants with documented date of disease progresssion or death and who had not received subsequent anticancer treatment prior to the date of documented disease progression or death were included in the analysis of PFS. PFS was assessed by investigator and BICR. Please note the values of the Full Range (min, max) are described irregardless of censoring at data cut-off.

  8. Phase I: Duration of Response [ Time Frame: From start of the treatment until disease progression or death (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Duration of response is defined as the time from the first documented evidence of CR or PR until disease progression or death due to any cause among participants with confirmed CR or PR. The participant who showed a CR or PR was included in the analysis of duration of response. Duration of response was assessed by investigator and BICR. Please note the values of the Full Range (min, max) are described irregardless of censoring at data cut-off.

  9. Phase II: Number of Participants With Unconfirmed Overall Response [ Time Frame: Every 8 weeks from start of the treatment until disease progression, death, or withdrawal of consent (average of 1.38 years) ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of participants with an unconfirmed CR or PR according to RECIST version 1.1. RECIST is a set of rules that define when tumors in cancer participants improve ("respond"), stay the same ("stabilize"), or worsen ("progress") during treatment. CR is defined as disappearance of all target lesions. Partial response is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions after treatment from Baseline (before study drug administration). Unconfirmed ORR was assessed by investigator and BICR.

  10. Phase II: Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From start of the treatment until disease progression or death (average of 1.38 years) ]
    PFS is defined as the time from the first dose of study treatment to the earliest date of disease progression or death due to any cause. The length of this interval is estimated as the date of death or disease progression minus the date of first dose plus one day. The date of documented disease progression is defined as the date of disease progression based on radiologic evidence. Participants with documented date of disease progresssion or death and who had not received subsequent anticancer treatment prior to the date of documented disease progression or death were included in the analysis of PFS. PFS was assessed by investigator and BICR. Please note the values of the Full Range (min, max) are described irregardless of censoring at data cut-off.

  11. Phase II: Duration of Response [ Time Frame: From start of the treatment until disease progression or death (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Duration of response is defined as the time from the first documented evidence of CR or PR until disease progression or death due to any cause among participants with confirmed CR or PR. The participant who showed a CR or PR was included in the analysis of duration of response. Duration of response was assessed by investigator and BICR. Please note the values of the Full Range (min, max) are described irregardless of censoring at data cut-off.

  12. Phase II: Number of Participants With Any Adverse Event and Any Serious Adverse Event [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment until 30 days after study treatment discontinuation (average of 1.38 years) ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward MO in a part. temporally associated with the use of a MP, whether or not considered related to the MP and can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with its use. SAE is defined as any untoward MO that, at any dose, results in death, is life threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in disability/incapacity, a congenital anomaly/birth defect and protocol-specific SAEs:ALT>=3xULN and bilirubin>=2xULN(>35% direct) (or ALT>=3xULN, international normalized ratio>1.5), any new primary cancers, treatment emergent malignancies except basal cell carcinoma, symptomatic or asymptomatic LVEF decrease, retinal pigment epithelial detachment or retinal vein occlusion, pyrexia with hypotension,or dehydration or renal insufficiency,or severe (>=G3) rigor/chills.

  13. Phase II: Number of Participants With the Indicated Worst-case Change From Baseline in the Indicated Clinical Chemistry Parameters [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    CCPs were graded according to NCI CTCAE garde version 4.0 as: G1, Mild; G2, Moderate; G3, Severe; G4, Life-threatening or disabling; G5, Death. Data are presented for only those parameters for which an increase to G3 or G4 from Baseline grade occurred. CCPs that were not graded according to NCI CTCAE criteria, were categorized as High and Low with respect to the normal range. Data are presented only for those parameters for which the category decreased to Low or increased to High relative to the Baseline category. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments. CCPs included: albumin, alkaline phosphatase, ALT, AST, total bilirubin, calcium, creatinine, glucose, potassium, magnesium, sodium, inorganic phosphorus, chloride, LDH, total protein, urea/BUN and uric acid.

  14. Phase II: Number of Participants With the Indicated Worst-case Change From Baseline in the Indicated Hematology Parameters [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Hematology parameters were summarized according to NCI CTCAE G, version 4.0 as: G1, Mild; G2, Moderate; G3, Severe; G4, Life-threatening or disabling; G5, Death. Data are presented for only those parameters for which an increase to G3 or G4 from Baseline G occurred. For hematology parameters that were not graded according to NCI CTCAE criteria, were categorized as High and Low with respect to the normal range. Data are presented only for those parameters for which the category decreased to Low or increased to High relative to the Baseline category. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments. Hematology parameters included: hemoglobin, lymphocytes, total neutrophils, platelet count, WBC counts, basophils, eosinophils, hematocrit, MCHC, MCH, MCV, monocytes and RBC count.

  15. Phase II: Number of Participants With the Indicated Urinalysis Results [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Urine samples were collected for urine dipstick analysis at Baseline and at the post-treatment Visit. The number of participants with negative (absence) and positive (presence: trace, 1+, 2+, 3+, 4+ or 5+) results for UOB, UGLU, UKET, UP and UUBIL were summarized. The Baseline value is defined as the last pre-treatment value observed.

  16. Phase II: Number of Participants With the Indicated Worst-case On-therapy Change From Baseline in ECOG Perormance Status [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    The ECOG pef status 5-point scale is used to assess how a participant's disease is progressing, to assess how the disease affects the daily living abilities of the par. and to determine appropriate treatment and prognosis: G0, fully active, able to carry on all pre-disease pef without restriction. G1, restricted in physically strenuous activity but ambulatory and able to carry out work of a light or sedentary nature, example, light house work, office work. G2, ambulatory and capable of all selfcare, but unable to carry out any work activities; up and about >50% of waking hrs. G3, capable of only limited selfcare; confined to bed or chair >50% of waking hrs. G4, completely disabled; cannot carry on any selfcare; totally confined to bed or chair. G5, dead. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments. Number of par. who improved, had no change, or deteriorated in pef status from BL is summarized.

  17. Phase II: Number of Participants With Worst-case On-therapy Increase From Baseline in Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure to Grade 2 or Grade 3 [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    SBP and DBP values were graded using (NCI CTCAE version 4.0). SBP was categorized as: G1 (Increase to >=120 to 140 mmHg), G2 (Increase to >=140 to <160 mmHg), and G3 (Increase to >=160 mmHg). DBP was categorized as: G1 (Increase to >=80 to <90 mmHg), G2 (Increase to >=90 to <100 mmHg), and G3 (Increase to >=100 mmHg). The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments. An increase is defined as an increase in the CTCAE grade relative to the Baseline grade. Participants with missing Baseline values were assumed to have a Baseline value of G0.

  18. Phase II: Number of Participants With Worst-case On-therapy Change From Baseline in Heart Rate [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Change from Baseline in heart rate is categorized as decrease to <60 bpm, change to normal or no change, and increase to >100 bpm relative to the Baseline value. Participants with a missing Baseline value are assumed to have a normal Baseline value. Participants were counted twice if the participant's heart rate value decreased to <60 bpm and increased to >100 bpm post-Baseline. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments.

  19. Phase II: Number of Participants With Worst-case On-therapy Change From Baseline in Temperature [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Change from Baseline in temperature is categorized as a decrease to <=35 degrees C, change to normal or no change as 35-38 degrees C, and increase to >=38 degrees C relative to the Baseline value. Participants with a missing Baseline value are assumed to have a normal Baseline value. Participants were counted twice if the participant temperature value decreased to <=35 degrees C and increased to >=38 degrees C post-Baseline. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments.

  20. Phase II: Change From Baseline in Oxygen Saturation Measured Via Pulse Oxymetry at the Indicated Time Points [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Oxygen saturation measures the capacity of blood to transport oxygen to other parts of the body. Oxygen binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells when moving through the lungs. A pulse oximeter uses two frequencies of light (red and infrared) to determine the percentage of hemoglobin in the blood that is saturated with oxygen, that is called as blood oxygen saturation, or SpO2. Change from Baseline was calculated as the individual post-Baseline value (Days 8 and 15; Weeks 3 to 132 and post-treatment Visit) minus the Baseline value. The Baseline value is defined as the last pre-treatment value observed.

  21. Phase II: Change From Baseline in Weight at the Indicated Time Points [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Mean change in body weight from baseline was determined. Change from Baseline was calculated as the individual post-Baseline value (Weeks 3 to 132 and post-treatment Visit) minus the Baseline value. The Baseline value is defined as the last pre-treatment value observed.

  22. Phase II: Number of Participants With the Indicated Electrocardiogram Findings at the Indicated Time Points [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Single 12-lead ECGs were performed at Baseline, Weeks 3 to 132 and post-treatment Visit. ECG findings were categorized as: normal, abnormal - CS, or abnormal - NCS, as determined by the investigator.

  23. Phase II: Number of Participants With Worst-case On-therapy Change From Baseline in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction as Assessed by Echocardiogram [ Time Frame: From Baseline until the post-treatment Visit (average of 1.38 years) ]
    Absolute change from Baseline in LVEF were summarized at each scheduled assessment time and in the worst-case post Baseline. Only the post Baseline assessments that used the same method (ECHO or MUGA) as the Baseline assessments were used to derive the change from Baseline. The change from Baseline was categorized as: any increase; no change; 0-<10 Decrease, 10-19 Decrease, >=20 Decrease, >=10 Decrease and >= LLN, >=10 Decrease and below LLN, >=20 Decrease and >=LLN and >=20 Decrease and below LLN. The worst-case during the on-therapy period was determined taking into account both scheduled and unscheduled assessments.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Capable of given written informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.
  • Male or female age 20 years or greater; able to swallow and retain oral medication.
  • BRAF mutation positive advanced solid tumor ( Phase I part). BRAF mutation positive melanoma (Phase II part).
  • Measurable disease according to RECIST version 1.1.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status of 0 or 1
  • Agree to contraception requirements.
  • Adequate organ system function.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Currently receiving cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or biologic therapy).
  • Phase II part ONLY: Prior systemic anti-cancer treatment (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, vaccine therapy, or investigational treatment) for Stage IIIC (unresectable) or Stage IV (metastatic) melanoma. Prior systemic treatment in the adjuvant setting is allowed.
  • Any major surgery, extensive radiotherapy, chemotherapy with delayed toxicity, biologic therapy, or immunotherapy within 28 days prior to the study treatment (6 weeks for prior nitrosourea or mitomycin C), or daily or weekly chemotherapy without the potential for delayed toxicity within 14 days prior to the study treatment. Limited radiotherapy within the last 2 weeks. (Note: Ipilimumab treatment must end at least 8 weeks prior to the study treatment.)
  • Taken an investigational drug within 28 days or 5 half-lives (minimum 14 days), whichever is shorter, prior to the study treatment.
  • Current use of a prohibited medication or requires any of these medications during treatment with the study drugs.
  • A history of another malignancy. Subjects who have been disease-free for 5 years, or subjects with a history of completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer, or successfully treated in situ carcinoma are eligible.
  • Any serious or unstable pre-existing medical conditions (aside from malignancy exceptions specified above), psychiatric disorders, or other conditions that could interfere with the subject's safety, obtaining informed consent, or compliance with study procedures (e.g., uncontrolled diabetes).
  • Presence of active gastrointestinal disease or other condition that will interfere significantly with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of drugs.
  • History of pneumonitis or interstitial lung disease.
  • Known HIV infection.
  • Certain cardiac abnormality
  • A history or current evidence/risk of retinal vein occlusion or central serous retinopathy.
  • Pregnant or lactating female.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01928940


Locations
Japan
GSK Investigational Site
Shizuoka, Japan, 411-8777
GSK Investigational Site
Tokyo, Japan, 104-0045
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01928940     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 116885
First Posted: August 27, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 2, 2015
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Advanced solid tumors
BRAF
Melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Trametinib
Dabrafenib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action