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Tafenoquine Thorough QTc Study in Healthy Subjects

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01928914
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 27, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 12, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:
This will be a randomized, single-blind, placebo controlled, parallel group study. Approximately 260 subjects will be enrolled in five groups. This study is designed to compare the effects of tafenoquine, administered as single dose as well as administered over three consecutive days, on the changes in QT duration to those observed in subjects dosed with either moxifloxacin or placebo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malaria, Vivax Drug: Tafenoquine 300mg Drug: Tafenoquine 600mg Drug: Tafenoquine 1200mg Drug: moxifloxacin Drug: Placebo for Tafenoquine Drug: Placebo for moxifloxaxin Phase 1

Detailed Description:
SB-252263 (tafenoquine, TQ) is a new 8-aminoquinoline antimalarial drug being developed by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) and the Medicines for Malaria Venture with the assistance and historical support of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Tafenoquine has been shown to be effective in the treatment of plasmodial infections in vitro, in pre-clinical models in vivo, and during early phase clinical studies for radical cure and eradication of liver hypnozoites in patients infected with Plasmodium vivax. This study is designed to compare the effects of tafenoquine mono-therapy, administered as a single dose or administered on 3 consecutive days, on the changes in QT duration to those observed in subjects dosed with either Avelox (moxifloxacin hydrochloride) or placebo. This will be a randomized, single-blind, placebo controlled, parallel group study. Parallel group design is chosen because tafenoquine has a long half-life, about 14 to 19 days, and therefore a cross-over design is not a practical alternative. Moxifloxacin will be used as a positive control in order to validate the sensitivity of the study in detecting QTc change. Moxifloxacin has been shown to prolong the QT interval in a dose-dependent manner in patients and healthy volunteers, and the QTc prolongation has been well quantified.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 260 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Effect of Tafenoquine (SB252263) on the Electrocardiogram (ECG) With Focus on Cardiac Repolarization (QTc Duration) in Healthy Subjects
Actual Study Start Date : July 26, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 4, 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : June 4, 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Group 1
Subjects in group 1 receive placebo for tafenoquine and placebo for moxifloxacin on three consecutive days of dosing
Drug: Placebo for Tafenoquine
Placebo given on all three days to all groups except for group 5 on Day 3

Drug: Placebo for moxifloxaxin
Placebo for moxifloxacin, given to all groups on all days except for Group 3 on Day 3

Experimental: Group 2
Subjects in group 2 receive 400mg of tafenoquine and placebo for moxifloxacin on three consecutive days of dosing
Drug: Tafenoquine 1200mg
400mg Dose of Tafenoquine given on each of the three consecutive dosing days

Drug: Placebo for Tafenoquine
Placebo given on all three days to all groups except for group 5 on Day 3

Active Comparator: Group 3
Subjects in group 1 receive placebo for tafenoquine and placebo for moxifloxacin on days 1 and 2. On day 3, subjects receive placebo for tafenoquine and 400mg moxifloxacin.
Drug: moxifloxacin
moxifloxacine given on Day 3 only

Drug: Placebo for Tafenoquine
Placebo given on all three days to all groups except for group 5 on Day 3

Drug: Placebo for moxifloxaxin
Placebo for moxifloxacin, given to all groups on all days except for Group 3 on Day 3

Experimental: Group 4
Subjects in group 1 receive placebo for tafenoquine and placebo for moxifloxacin on days 1 and 2. On day 3, subjects receive placebo for moxifloxacin and 300mg of tafenoquine
Drug: Tafenoquine 300mg
Single dose of Tafenoquine give on Day 3 only

Drug: Placebo for Tafenoquine
Placebo given on all three days to all groups except for group 5 on Day 3

Drug: Placebo for moxifloxaxin
Placebo for moxifloxacin, given to all groups on all days except for Group 3 on Day 3

Experimental: Group 5
Subjects in group 1 receive placebo for tafenoquine and placebo for moxifloxacin on days 1 and 2. On day 3, subjects receive placebo for moxifloxacin and 600mg of tafenoquine
Drug: Tafenoquine 600mg
Single dose of Tafenoquine given on Day 3 only

Drug: Placebo for Tafenoquine
Placebo given on all three days to all groups except for group 5 on Day 3

Drug: Placebo for moxifloxaxin
Placebo for moxifloxacin, given to all groups on all days except for Group 3 on Day 3




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline in QTcF for 1200 mg dose of tafenoquine compared to baseline [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 2, day 3, Day 4, Day 5 and Day 6 ]
    Contineous QTcF will be electronically recorded using holtor monitors. The primary comparison of interest is the mean time-matched change from baseline in QTcF for the difference tafenoquine-placebo for 1200mg dose of tafenoquine at each timepoint.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in QTcB, QTcI, QT, and HR for 1200mg dose of tafenoquine [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 2, day 3, Day 4, Day 5 and Day 6 ]
    electronic ECGs collected using holter monitors will be analysed to measure QTcF QTcB, QTcI, QT, and Heart Rate (HR)

  2. Change from Baseline in QTcF QTcB, QTcI, QT, and HR for 300 mg single dose of tafenoquine [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 2, day 3, Day 4, Day 5 and Day 6 ]
    electronic ECGs collected using holter monitors will be analysed to measure QTcF QTcB, QTcI, QT, and Heart Rate (HR)

  3. Change from Baseline in QTcF, QTcB, QTcI, QT, and HR for placebo [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 2, day 3, Day 4, Day 5 and Day 6 ]
    electronic ECGs collected using holter monitors will be analysed to measure QTcF QTcB, QTcI, QT, and Heart Rate (HR)

  4. Change from Baseline in QTcF, QTcB, QTcI, QT, and HR for moxifloxacin [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 2, day 3, Day 4, Day 5 and Day 6 ]
    electronic ECGs collected using holter monitors will be analysed to measure QTcF QTcB, QTcI, QT, and Heart Rate (HR)

  5. Plasma concentrations and derived pharmacokinetic parameters AUC(0-t), Cmax, and tmax of tafenoquine [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 2, day 3, Day 4, Day 5 and Day 6 ]
    Blood samples will be collected at pre-dose on Days 1 and 2, and Day 3: pre-dose, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15, 20, 24, 36, 48 and 72 hours post Day 3 dose, to measure plasma concentrations and derived pharmacokinetic parameters AUC(0-t), Cmax, and tmax of tafenoquine

  6. Safety and tolerability of tafenoquine as assessed by 12-lead ECGs, vital signs, adverse events, and clinical laboratory tests [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 2 and Day 3 ]
    Safety and tolerability of tafenoquine as assessed by 12-lead ECGs, vital signs, adverse events, and clinical laboratory tests

  7. Change from Baseline in QTcF QTcB, QTcI, QT, and HR for 600 mg single dose of tafenoquine [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 2, day 3, Day 4, Day 5 and Day 6 ]
    electronic ECGs collected using holter monitors will be analysed to measure QTcF QTcB, QTcI, QT, and Heart Rate (HR)

  8. Plasma concentrations and derived pharmacokinetic parameters AUC(0-t), Cmax, and tmax of moxifloxacin [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 2, day 3, Day 4, Day 5 and Day 6 ]
    Blood samples will be collected at pre-dose on Days 1 and 2, and Day 3: pre-dose, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15, 20, 24, 36, 48 and 72 hours post Day 3 dose, to measure plasma concentrations and derived pharmacokinetic parameters AUC(0-t), Cmax, and tmax of moxifloxacin



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin ≤ 1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%).
  • Healthy as determined by a responsible and experienced physician, based on a medical evaluation including medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests and baseline ECG cardiac monitoring. A subject with a clinical abnormality or laboratory parameters outside the reference range for the population being studied may be included only if the Investigator and the GSK Medical Monitor agree that the finding is unlikely to introduce additional risk factors and will not interfere with the study procedures.
  • Male or female between 18 and 65 years of age inclusive, at the time of signing the informed consent.
  • A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of:
  • Non-childbearing potential defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea [in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) > 40 MlU/ml and estradiol < 40 pg/ml (<147 pmol/L) is confirmatory]. Females on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use one of the contraception methods in the protocol if they wish to continue their HRT during the study. Otherwise, they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of post-menopausal status prior to study enrollment. For most forms of HRT, at least 2-4 weeks will elapse between the cessation of therapy and the blood draw; this interval depends on the type and dosage of HRT. Following confirmation of their post-menopausal status, they can resume use of HRT during the study without use of a contraceptive method.
  • Child-bearing potential and agrees to use one of the contraception methods listed in Section 8.1 for an appropriate period of time (as determined by the product label or investigator) prior to the start of dosing to sufficiently minimize the risk of pregnancy at that point. Female subjects must agree to use contraception until 90 days post-last dose.
  • Body weight ≥50 kg for men and ≥45 kg for women and BMI within the range 18.5 to 31.0 kg/m2 (inclusive).
  • Capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Documented Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, determined by a quantitative assay of enzyme activity.
  • A positive pre-study Hepatitis B surface antigen or positive Hepatitis C antibody result within 3 months of screening
  • Current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones).
  • History of thalassaemia; or current or past history of methemoglobinemia or methemoglobin percentage above the reference range at screening.
  • A positive pre-study drug/alcohol screen.
  • A positive test for HIV antibody.
  • History of 2nd degree or higher AV block.
  • Donation of blood or blood products in excess of 500 mL within a 56 day period prior to enrolment.
  • Subjects with a hemoglobin values outside the normal range. A single repeat is allowed for eligibility determination.
  • The subject's systolic blood pressure is outside the range of 90-140mmHg, or diastolic blood pressure is outside the range of 45-90mmHg or heart rate is outside the range of 50-100bpm for female subjects or 45-100 bpm for male subjects.
  • Exclusion criteria for screening ECG (a single repeat is allowed for eligibility determination)
  • PR Interval <120 and >220 msec
  • QRS Duration <70 and >120 msec
  • QTc, QTcB or QTcF Interval >450 msec
  • Heart Rate, for male subjects <45 and >100 bpm, and for female subjects <50 and >100 bpm
  • Evidence of previous myocardial infarction (Does not include ST segment changes associated with repolarization).
  • Any conduction abnormality (including but not specific to left or right complete bundle branch block, AV block [2nd degree or higher], Wolff Parkinson White [WPW] syndrome).
  • Sinus Pauses > 3 seconds.
  • Any significant arrhythmia which, in the opinion of the principal investigator and GSK medical monitor, will interfere with the safety for the individual subject.
  • Non-sustained or sustained ventricular tachycardia (>3 consecutive ventricular ectopic beats).
  • History of regular alcohol consumption within 6 months of the study defined as:
  • An average weekly intake of >14 drinks for males or >7 drinks for females. One drink is equivalent to 12 g of alcohol: 12 ounces (360 mL) of beer, 5 ounces (150 mL) of wine or 1.5 ounces (45 mL) of 80o proof distilled spirits.
  • The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an investigational product within the following time period prior to the first dosing day in the current study: 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer).
  • Exposure to more than four new chemical entities within 12 months prior to the first dosing day.
  • Use of prescription or non-prescription drugs, including vitamins, herbal and dietary supplements (including St John's Wort) within 7 days (or 14 days if the drug is a potential enzyme inducer) or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of study medication, unless in the opinion of the Investigator and GSK Medical Monitor the medication will not interfere with the study procedures or compromise subject safety.
  • History of sensitivity to any of the study medications, or components thereof or a history of drug or other allergy that, in the opinion of the investigator or GSK Medical Monitor, contraindicates their participation.
  • Pregnant females as determined by positive (serum or urine) hCG test at screening or prior to dosing.
  • Lactating females.
  • Unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures outlined in the protocol.
  • Subject is mentally or legally incapacitated.
  • History of sensitivity to heparin or heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.
  • Urinary cotinine levels indicative of smoking or history or regular use of tobacco- or nicotine-containing products within 6 months prior to screening.
  • Consumption of red wine, seville oranges, grapefruit or grapefruit juice and/or pummelos, exotic citrus fruits, grapefruit hybrids or fruit juices from 7 days prior to the first dose of study medication.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01928914


Locations
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United States, California
GSK Investigational Site
Culver City, California, United States, 90232
United States, Maryland
GSK Investigational Site
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21225
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
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Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
Additional Information:
Study Data/Documents: Dataset Specification  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114582
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Annotated Case Report Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114582
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Statistical Analysis Plan  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114582
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Clinical Study Report  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114582
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Individual Participant Data Set  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114582
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Study Protocol  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114582
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register
Informed Consent Form  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Identifier: 114582
For additional information about this study please refer to the GSK Clinical Study Register

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Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01928914    
Other Study ID Numbers: 114582
First Posted: August 27, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 12, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Patient-level data for this study will be made available through www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com following the timelines and process described on this site.
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Malaria, Vivax
Malaria
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Moxifloxacin
Tafenoquine
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents