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Drug Eluting Balloon for Prevention of Hemodialysis Access Restenosis (DEB)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01928498
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 26, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 6, 2020
Biotronik Canada Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of paclitaxel-coated balloon catheter to prevent restenosis after PTA (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty) of hemodialysis access (HA) in comparison with the uncoated PTA balloon catheter.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Arteriovenous Fistulae Arteriovenous Graft Device: Paclitaxel Eluting Balloon Angioplasty Device: Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

In Canada, there are over 20,000 patients with chronic end-stage renal disease (ESRD)on long-term hemodialysis and the number is increasing rapidly.The creation of hemodialysis access (HA) (also called "lifeline" for dialysis patients) has become the most common type of vascular surgery. These HA are frequently complicated by dysfunction after their creation mainly due to neointimal hyperplastic stenosis (> 60% at one year). PTA is an established cornerstone method of treating stenotic lesions because of its minimally invasive percutaneous nature and widespread availability.Although PTA has a high initial success rate,narrowing will often recur in 2-3 months hence requiring further interventions. There are currently no durable therapies for the prevention or treatment of HA dysfunction restenosis after PTA.

Recently drug eluting balloon (DEB) with paclitaxel have repeatedly demonstrated their effectiveness to prevent restenosis due to intimal proliferation in the coronary and peripheral arterial systems. The investigators believe that the DEB with paclitaxel will significantly decrease the HA restenosis rate at the treated site and therefore will improve the management of HA failures.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Drug Eluting Balloon for the Prevention of Hemodialysis Access Restenosis: A Prospective Randomized Trial (DEB Study)
Actual Study Start Date : October 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 13, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 27, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Angioplasty Dialysis
Drug Information available for: Paclitaxel

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Paclitaxel Eluting Balloon
Paclitaxel Eluting Balloon Angioplasty
Device: Paclitaxel Eluting Balloon Angioplasty
Other Name: Passeo-18 Lux

Active Comparator: Conventional uncoated balloon
Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA)
Device: Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA)
Other Name: Passeo-18

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Late lumen loss (LLL) at 6 months after PTA (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

    Comparison of the mean LLL (late lumen loss) in patients in the two trial arms (DEB vs plain PTA) evaluated by quantitative angiography at six months after PTA.

    LLL is defined as the difference between the MLD (minimum lumen diameter) immediately after balloon angioplasty and the MLD at follow-up

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The angiographic percentage of diameter stenosis and the incidence of angiographic binary restenosis rate (≥50% of the diameter of the reference-vessel segment) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The change in the degree of stenosis (in %) at the intervention site between the measure right after the intervention, and 6 months later and the difference between restenosis rates in the two trial arms at 6 months.

  2. Change of HA flow [ Time Frame: Before angioplasty, week 1, month 1or month 3 ]
    Difference between mean HA flow in the two groups (measured at the same times)

  3. The rate of HA failure [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Time elapsed from the initial intervention (at randomization) to the earliest (if any) of these 3 events: HA thrombosis, HA re-intervention (surgical or endovascular, including creation of a new HA), or CVC (central venous catheter) insertion for dialysis purpose

  4. Drug eluting balloon safety [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Proportion of patients with side effects in the 2 groups.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical or hemodynamic evidence of HA dysfunction according to the clinician's judgment
  • Patients with AVF (arteriovenous fistulae)or AVG (arteriovenous graft) located in the forearm or upper arm and is > 3 months old
  • Minimum age of 18 years and written informed consent
  • Target lesion stenosis is <3.0 cm in length and >50% in luminal diameter reduction
  • Maximum of two secondary lesions (stenoses) if the following criteria are satisfied: The secondary lesion is located in the graft or peripheral veins, the secondary lesion is <3.0 cm in length and located >1.0 cm away from the target lesion, the secondary lesion is >50% luminal reduction compared to the reference vessel diameter
  • Reference vessel diameter between 4 to 7 mm
  • The HA must not be thrombosed and the lesion can be crossed with guide wire before angioplasty
  • Lesion site: from 2 cm above the arterial anastomosis to the superior vena cava
  • Restenotic lesion (previously treated by PTA or stent) or de novo lesion

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contraindication to angiography or PTA
  • Intervention of the HA circuit within the past 30 days
  • Systemic infection or a local infection associated with the graft
  • The patient is pregnant
  • Patient is enrolled in another investigational study.
  • Life expectancy < 12 months
  • History of severe allergic reaction to contrast media or to paclitaxel

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01928498

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Canada, Quebec
Hôpital Charles-Lemoyne
Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H1T 2M4
Centre Hospitalier de l'université de Montréal-CHUM
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2L 4M1
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)
Biotronik Canada Inc
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Principal Investigator: Éric Therasse, MD Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)
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Responsible Party: Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM) Identifier: NCT01928498    
Other Study ID Numbers: CE13.093 (2014-5032)
First Posted: August 26, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 6, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Keywords provided by Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM):
arteriovenous fistulae
arteriovenous graft
drug eluting balloon
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arteriovenous Fistula
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Arteriovenous Malformations
Vascular Malformations
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Fistula
Vascular Diseases
Congenital Abnormalities
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action