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Medical and Economic Evaluation of a Magnetic Anal Sphincter for Patients With Severe Anal Incontinence (MOS STIC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01920607
Recruitment Status : Suspended (recruitment difficulties)
First Posted : August 12, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 26, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nantes University Hospital

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to compare 2 surgical treatments of severe fecal incontinence (defined as more than a major leak per week). The hypothesis of this "non-inferiority" trial is that magnetic anal sphincter is clinically as effective as SNS, but more cost-effective in managing fecal incontinence

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fecal Incontinence Anal Incontinence Device: magnetic anal sphincter Device: sacral nerve stimulation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Severe anal incontinence, defined as the uncontrolled passing of stool at least once a week, is a problem that has a serious impact on the quality of life. In the event of failure of conservative treatments, surgery can help improve continence problems in a significant number of cases.

Sacral nerve stimulation is currently the standard surgical treatment for severe anal incontinence when sphincter repair (sphincteroplasty) is not recommended.

A new method of treatment based on sphincter reinforcement through the implanting of a band of magnetic beads*, has proved to be reliable and efficient on a small series of cases, particularly after the failure of sacral nerve stimulation.

The aim of our trial, which compares the "magnetic anal sphincter* and sacral nerve stimulation" in a homogeneous population of patients affected by severe anal incontinence is to define the position of this new approach in the treatment algorithm of this functional disorder, determining its clinical and medical/economic advantages compared to those of the current standard treatment.

* FenixTM (Torax Medical)

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 71 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Medical and Economic Evaluation of a Magnetic Anal Sphincter for Patients With Severe Anal Incontinence
Study Start Date : November 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bowel Movement

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: NMS
Implantation under general of local anesthesia of sacral nerve stimulation system (Interstim Therapy)
Device: sacral nerve stimulation
Other Name: Interstim

Experimental: SAM
Implantation under general anesthesia of magnetic anal sphincter (Fenix)
Device: magnetic anal sphincter
Other Name: Fenix

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Average number of fecal incontinence episodes [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Average number of fecal incontinence episodes per week over a period of 3 weeks, 6 months after the implantation of a magnetic anal sphincter (FenixTM magnetic anal sphincter group) or of the Spinelli electrode during the PNE test (sacral nerve stimulation group), on the basis of a standardised stool diary

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall cost for the health care system [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Overall cost for the health care system including implantation and follow-up - Duration and cost of hospital admissions,- Cost of covering any complications arising

  2. Respective complications of the two therapeutic approaches [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Number and nature of the complications over 12 months, according to the Clavien-Dindo classification

  3. Functional results at 6 and 12 months, compared with baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 & 12 months ]
    Stool record chart, faecal incontinence score (Wexner), recourse to antidiarrhoeal treatment, the taking of analgesics, constipation score (ODS), recourse to a treatment for constipation

  4. Quality of life and overall satisfaction [ Time Frame: Baselnie, 6 & 12 months ]
    Quality of life and overall satisfaction of the patient at 6 and 12 months, compared with baseline:Quality of life score specific to faecal incontinence (FIQL), General quality of life scores (SF 36 and EQ-5D)

  5. Anorectal manometry data [ Time Frame: Baseline & 6 months ]
    Sphincter pressure at rest, voluntary contractions, rectal maximum tolerable volume.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult patient (male or female) of 18 to 75 years of age
  • Affected by severe anal incontinence (SAI)*.
  • Documented failure of conservative treatment (reeducation and medical treatment)
  • With functional anal sphincter**
  • Agrees to take part in the study and has signed the informed consent form
  • Agrees to undergo post-operative surveillance for a period of one (1) year
  • Covered by National Insurance

    • Defined as follows: at least one involuntary passing of stool per week measured by collecting data on incontinence accidents on a 3-week stool record chart, with the continence problem developing over more than 6 months. **Defined as follows: external sphincter intact (without injury or after sphincter repair) or external sphincter altered, with an injury of a size that does not justify sphincter repair.

Internal sphincter injuries not taken into account (by professional consensus).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Anorectal or pelvic malformations
  • Local conditions incompatible with the proposed sizes of the MAS (extreme obesity, thickness of the tissue in the anorectal area)
  • Sequelae of rectal resections - presence of cancer of the rectum or anus
  • Rectal prolapse and/or major pelvic floor disorders
  • Major chronic disorder of the intestinal motility, irritable bowel syndrome, repeated faecalomas, megarectum
  • Extensive sphincter degeneration
  • Consequences of radiation-induced rectitis and chronic inflammatory diseases of the bowel (Crohn's disease)
  • Neurological disorders or systemic diseases (multiple sclerosis, scleroderma, paraplegia)
  • Festering sores of the perineal and/or anorectal regions
  • Known or suspected risks of allergy to titanium
  • Active pelvic infection
  • Contraindications to SNS:

    • Cardiac stimulator or defibrillator implant
    • Malformation of the sacrum
    • Patient exposed to Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    • Skin diseases exposing the patient to the risk of infection (at the investigator's discretion)
    • Patient scheduled for diathermy or ablation by radiofrequency
  • Pregnant women
  • Adults under guardianship
  • Patients involved in a mobility project in the year following the operation
  • Patient already subjected to one or other of the therapeutic approaches (MAS or SNS) Please note: coagulation problems (including anti-aggregant or anti-coagulant treatments) are not a contraindication if these problems can be corrected during the perioperative period.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01920607

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Nantes University Hospital
Nantes, France, 4000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Nantes University Hospital

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Responsible Party: Nantes University Hospital Identifier: NCT01920607     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RC13_0209
First Posted: August 12, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 26, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017

Keywords provided by Nantes University Hospital:
Fecal Incontinence.
Anal Incontinence.
Functional Bowel Disorders.
Artificial Sphincters.
Magnetic Anal Sphincter.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fecal Incontinence
Rectal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases